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Howard Carter

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Name  Howard Carter
Role  Archaeologist
Nationality  British

Howard Carter Howard Carter Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

Born  9 May 1874 Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom (1874-05-09)
Fields  Archaeology and Egyptology
Known for  Discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun
Died  March 2, 1939, Kensington, London, United Kingdom
Siblings  Vernet Carter, Edgar Carter, William Carter, Samuel Carter, James Carter, Amy Walker
Parents  Samuel John Carter, Martha Joyce Carter
Books  The discovery of the tom, Tutankhamen, The tomb of Thoutmos, Applied economics in bankin
Similar People  Tutankhamun, George Herbert - 5th Earl o, Akhenaten, Zahi Hawass, Nefertiti

Howard carter archaeologist egyptologist tutankhamun


Howard Carter (9 May 1874 – 2 March 1939) was a British archaeologist and Egyptologist who became world-famous after discovering the intact tomb (designated KV62) of the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh, Tutankhamun (colloquially known as "King Tut" and "the boy king") in November 1922.

Contents

Howard Carter The History Blog Blog Archive Howard Carter the artist

Howard carter and tutankhamun s tomb


Early life

Howard Carter httpswwwbiographycomimagetshareMTE5NDg0M

Howard Carter was born in Kensington on 9 May 1874, the son of Samuel John Carter, an artist, and Martha Joyce Carter (née Sands). His father trained and developed Howard's artistic talents.

Howard Carter Howard Carter British archaeologist Britannicacom

Carter spent much of his childhood with relatives in the Norfolk market town of Swaffham, the birthplace of both his parents. Nearby was the mansion of the Amherst family, Didlington Hall, containing a sizable collection of Egyptian antiques, which sparked Carter's interest in that subject. In 1891 the Egypt Exploration Fund (EEF), on the prompting of Mary Cecil, sent Carter to assist an Amherst family friend, Percy Newberry, in the excavation and recording of Middle Kingdom tombs at Beni Hasan.

Howard Carter Wonderful Things Howard Carters Discovery of Tutankhamuns Tomb

Although only 17, Carter was innovative in improving the methods of copying tomb decoration. In 1892, he worked under the tutelage of Flinders Petrie for one season at Amarna, the capital founded by the pharaoh Akhenaten. From 1894 to 1899, he worked with Édouard Naville at Deir el-Bahari, where he recorded the wall reliefs in the temple of Hatshepsut.

Howard Carter Egypt Howard Carter the Discoverer of the Tomb of Tutankhamun

In 1899, Carter was appointed to the position of Chief Inspector of the Egyptian Antiquities Service (EAS). He supervised a number of excavations at Thebes (now known as Luxor). In 1904, he was transferred to the Inspectorate of Lower Egypt. Carter was praised for his improvements in the protection of, and accessibility to, existing excavation sites, and his development of a grid-block system for searching for tombs. The Antiquities Service also provided funding for Carter to head his own excavation projects.

Howard Carter Top 15 Howard Carter Quotes the English archaeologist

Carter resigned from the Antiquities Service in 1905 after a formal inquiry into what became known as the Saqqara Affair, a noisy confrontation between Egyptian site guards and a group of French tourists. Carter sided with the Egyptian personnel.

Tutankhamun's tomb

In 1907, after three hard years for Carter, Lord Carnarvon employed him to supervise Carnarvon's Egyptian excavations in the Valley of the Kings. Gaston Maspero introduced the two to ensure that Howard Carter imposed modern archaeological methods and systems of recording.

Carnarvon financed Carter's work in the Valley of the Kings to 1914, but excavations and study were interrupted until 1917 by the First World War. Carter enthusiastically resumed his work following the end of the First World War.

After several years of finding little, Lord Carnarvon became dissatisfied with the lack of results, and informed Carter in 1922 that he had one more season of funding to search the Valley of the Kings and find the tomb.

On 4 November 1922, Carter's excavation group found steps that Carter hoped led to Tutankhamun's tomb (subsequently designated KV62), and he wired Lord Carnarvon to come to Egypt. On 26 November 1922, Carter made a "tiny breach in the top left hand corner" of the doorway, with Carnarvon, his daughter Lady Evelyn Herbert, and others in attendance—and using a chisel that his grandmother had given him for his 17th birthday. He was able to peer in by the light of a candle and see that many of the gold and ebony treasures were still in place. He did not yet know whether it was "a tomb or merely a cache", but he did see a promising sealed doorway between two sentinel statues. Carnarvon asked, "Can you see anything?" Carter replied with the famous words: "Yes, wonderful things!"

The next several months were spent cataloguing the contents of the antechamber under the "often stressful" supervision of Pierre Lacau, director general of the Department of Antiquities of Egypt. On 16 February 1923, Carter opened the sealed doorway and found that it did indeed lead to a burial chamber, and he got his first glimpse of the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun. All of these discoveries were eagerly covered by the world's press, but most of their representatives were kept in their hotels; only H. V. Morton was allowed on the scene, and his vivid descriptions helped to cement Carter's reputation with the British public.

Carter's own notes and photographic evidence indicate that he, Lord Carnarvon, and Lady Evelyn Herbert entered the burial chamber shortly after the tomb's discovery and before the official opening. The tomb is considered the best preserved and most intact pharaonic tomb ever found in the Valley of the Kings.

Later work and death

The clearance of the tomb with its thousands of objects continued until 1932. Following his sensational discovery, Carter retired from archaeology and became a part-time agent for collectors and museums, including the Cleveland Museum of Art and the Detroit Institute of Arts. He visited the United States in 1924 and gave a series of illustrated lectures in New York City and other cities in the US that were attended by very large and enthusiastic audiences, sparking American Egyptomania.

Carter died of lymphoma in Kensington, London, on 2 March 1939, aged 64. Carter is now buried in Putney Vale Cemetery in London. His epitaph reads: "May your spirit live, may you spend millions of years, you who love Thebes, sitting with your face to the north wind, your eyes beholding happiness", a quotation taken from the Wishing Cup of Tutankhamun, and "O night, spread thy wings over me as the imperishable stars".

Internet

  • On 9 May 2012 Google commemorated Carter's 138th birthday with a Google doodle.
  • Art

  • A paraphrased extract from Carter's diary of 26 November 1922 is used as the plaintext for Part 3 of the encrypted Kryptos sculpture at the CIA Headquarters in Langley, Virginia.
  • Comics

  • He is referenced in Hergé's volume 13 of The Adventures of Tintin: The Seven Crystal Balls (1944).
  • Film and television

    Carter has been portrayed in many film and television productions:

  • In the Columbia Pictures Television film The Curse of King Tut's Tomb (1980), he is portrayed by Robin Ellis
  • In the Lucasfilm TV films Young Indiana Jones and the Curse of the Jackal (1992) and Young Indiana Jones and the Treasure of the Peacock's Eye (1995), he is portrayed by Pip Torrens
  • In the IMAX documentary Mysteries of Egypt (1998), he is portrayed by Timothy Davies
  • In the made-for-TV film The Tutankhamun Conspiracy (2001), he is portrayed by Giles Watling
  • In the BBC docudrama Egypt (2005), he is portrayed by Stuart Graham
  • In the 2016 ITV series Tutankhamun he is played by Max Irons.
  • Literature

  • He is referenced in Sally Beauman's The Visitors, a novel re-creation of the hunt for Tutankhamun's tomb in Egypt's Valley of the Kings.
  • In Laura Lee Guhrke's historical romance novel Wedding of the Season (2011), Carter's telegram to the fictional British Egyptologist, the Duke of Sunderland, reports discovering "steps to a new tomb" and creates a climactic conflict.
  • He is a key character in Christian Jacq's book The Tutankhamun Affair.
  • James Patterson and Martin Dugard's book The Murder of King Tut focuses on Carter's search for King Tut's tomb.
  • He appears as a character throughout most of the Amelia Peabody series of books by Elizabeth Peters (a pseudonym of Egyptologist Dr Barbara Mertz)
  • He is a character in much of Arthur Phillips' book The Egyptologist. He is the main character in the French book Sous le sable de l`egypte by Phillippe Nessman
  • He appears as a main character in Muhammad Al-Mansi Qindeel's novel A Cloudy Day on the West Side.
  • He is parodized in the book Motel of the Mysteries by David Macaulay, with a character in the book named Howard Carson.
  • In Rick Riordan's The Kane Chronicles novel, The Red Pyramid (2010), Carter Kane says his father, Julius Kane, had named him after Howard Carter.
  • In Robin Cook's Sphinx novel, Carter is a character in one of the prologues
  • Music

  • The Finnish metal band Nightwish mentions Carter in the song "Tutankhamen" on its début album Angels Fall First: "For Carter has come / To free my beloved".
  • Josh Ritter's song "The Curse", on the album So Runs the World Away (2010), tells the story of a 1920s archaeologist who discovers the tomb of a mummy.
  • References

    Howard Carter Wikipedia


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