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Heiner Müller

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Heiner Muller



Heiner Muller GHDI Image

January 9, 1929Eppendorf, Saxony, Germany (

Dramatist • Theatre director • Dramaturg • Poet • Essayist •Short story writer

Postdramatic theatre •Non-Aristotelian drama •Dialectical theatre • Poetry •Short stories • Interviews

Literary movement
Postmodern •Postdramatic theatre

Notable works
HamletmachineThe MissionQuartet

December 30, 1995, Berlin, Germany

Brigitte Maria Mayer (m. 1992–1995)

Hamletmachine and other texts for t, A Heiner Muller Reader, Theatremachine, Explosion of a Memory, Verkommenes Ufer - Medeam

Similar People
Bertolt Brecht, William Shakespeare, Robert J Wilson, Inge Muller, Georg Buchner

Heiner m ller s discovery of america part 5 december 19th 2016

Heiner Müller ( [haɪnɐ mʏlɐ]; January 9, 1929 – December 30, 1995) was a German (formerly East German) dramatist, poet, writer, essayist and theatre director. Described as "the theatre's greatest living poet" since Samuel Beckett, Müller is arguably the most important German dramatist of the 20th century after Bertolt Brecht. His "enigmatic, fragmentary pieces" are a significant contribution to postmodern drama and postdramatic theatre.


Heiner Müller Heiner Mller Wikipedia

Landscape with argonauts heiner m ller freies theater bozen 2013 14


Heiner Müller Was htte er in dieser Zeit geschrieben Alexander Kluge zum 20

Müller was born in Eppendorf, Saxony. He joined the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, SED) in 1947 and began serving for the German Writers' Association (Deutscher Schriftsteller-Verband, DSV) in 1954. Müller became one of the most important dramatists of the German Democratic Republic and won the Heinrich Mann Prize in 1959 and the Kleist Prize in 1990.

Heiner Müller Theater Dortmund HEINER MLLER FACTORY

His relationship with the East German state began to deteriorate, however, with his drama Die Umsiedlerin (The Resettler Woman) which was censored in 1961 after only one performance. Müller was banned from the Writers' Association in the same year. The East German government remained wary of Müller in subsequent years, preventing the premiere of Der Bau (Construction Site) in 1965 and censoring his Mauser in the early 1970s. Yet despite these hardships, Müller's work began to gain popularity both in West Germany and internationally at this time. Many of his best-known plays from this period were premiered in the West: this includes Germania Death in Berlin, which was first performed in 1978 at the Munich Kammerspiele. Heiner Müller himself directed a production of The Mission (Der Auftrag) in Bochum in 1982. In Paris, Jean Jourdheuil directed the world premiere of Hamletmachine (Die Hamletmaschine) in 1979. English translations, first by Helen Fehervary and Marc Silberman, then by Carl Weber, introduced Müller to the English speaking world in the mid- and late 1970s; Müller's controversial play Mauser was first performed in 1975 in Austin, Texas.

Heiner Müller Heiner Muller Alchetron The Free Social Encyclopedia

Due to his growing worldwide fame, Müller was able to regain acceptance in East Germany. He was admitted to the DDR Academy of Arts, Berlin in 1984 – only two years before he became a member of parallel West Berlin academy. Despite earlier honors, Müller was not readmitted to the East German Writers' Association until 1988, shortly before the end of the GDR. After the fall of the Wall, Müller became final president of the DDR Academy of the Arts from 1990 until its 1993 merger with the western academy.

Heiner Müller Heiner Muller Alchetron The Free Social Encyclopedia

In 1992, he was invited to join the directorate of the Berliner Ensemble, Brecht's former company at the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm, as one of its five members along with Peter Zadek, Peter Palitzsch, Fritz Marquardt and Matthias Langhoff. In 1995, shortly before his death, Müller was appointed as the theatre's sole artistic director.

During the last five years of his life, Müller continued to live in Berlin and work all over Germany and Europe, mostly directing productions of his own works. He wrote few new dramatic texts in this time, though, like Brecht, he did produce much poetry in his final years. In the last half-decade of his life, Müller also worked towards transforming the interview into a literary genre. Müller died in Berlin of throat cancer in 1995, acknowledged as one of the greatest living German authors and the most important German language dramatists since Bertolt Brecht. Müller is buried at Berlin's famous Dorotheenstadt cemetery, the final resting place of some of Germany's most important artists and philosophers: including Bertolt Brecht, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Karl Friedrich Schinkel, and Heinrich Mann. Müller's grave was designed by his last stage designer Mark Lammert.

Among his better known works, other than those already mentioned, are Der Lohndrücker (The Scab), Wolokolamsker Chaussee (Volokolamsk Highway) Parts I–V, Verkommenes Ufer Medeamaterial Landschaft mit Argonauten (Despoiled Shore Medea Material Landscape with Argonauts), Philoktet (Philoctetes), Zement (Cement), Bildbeschreibung (Description of a Picture aka Explosion of a memory) and Quartett.


Over a decade after his death, Müller continues to have an enormous influence on European playwriting, dramaturgy, and performance. In 1998, the journal New German Critique devoted a special issue to his work. He is the only playwright to have ever received such an honor. In 2009, one of Europe’s leading intellectual publishing houses, Suhrkamp, issued the final three volumes in a twelve-volume edition of Müller's collected works. The only twentieth-century German dramatist who holds the same status is Bertolt Brecht.

Müller has also paved the way for a new generation of directors, playwrights, and dramaturgs who regard themselves as "samplers." Müller adopted Brecht's notion of Kopien (German for "copying"), the practice of regarding texts by others as material to be used, imitated, and rewritten. In regards to Brecht's own oeuvre, Müller stated "To use Brecht without criticizing him is treason." For Müller, the work of other writers and artists was not seen as private property; it was to be used as raw material for his own work. Thus, Müller's work in the theater marks the beginning of a tradition of densely poetic dramaturgy based in the logic of association, rather than linear "dramatic" narrative.

Jonathan Kalb, theater critic for The New York Times, describes Müller's legacy on theatre as replacing the "closed" didactical form of the Brechtian parable with "open" dramatic forms offering multiple meanings based, in Hans-Thies Lehmann's words, on a surreal "montage dramaturg . . . in which the reality-level of characters and events vacillates hazily between life and dream and the stage becomes a hotbed of spirits and quotes outside any homogeneous notion of space and time." Based on Müller's breakthrough work "Hamletmachine," Giannina Braschi, a leading force of the Nuyorican poetry movement, wrote "United States of Banana". In reference to Müller, Tony Kushner declares, "Write into the void, learn to embrace isolation, in which we may commence undistractedly our dreadful but all-important dialogue with the dead. Forget about love and turn your face to history." With Müller's work, theater is a forum for examining history; it is "a dialogue with the dead."

Awards and honors

  • 1979 Mülheimer Dramatikerpreis
  • 1959: Heinrich-Mann-Preis gemeinsam mit Inge Müller für Lohndrücker/Korrektur
  • 1964: Erich-Weinert-Medaille
  • 1975: Lessing-Preis der DDR
  • 1984: Karl-Sczuka-Preis zusammen mit Heiner Goebbels für Verkommenes Ufer
  • 1985: Georg-Büchner-Preis
  • 1985: Hörspielpreis der Kriegsblinden zusammen mit Heiner Goebbels für Die Befreiung des Prometheus
  • 1986: Nationalpreis erster Klasse für Kunst und Kultur
  • 1989: Hörspielpreis der Akademie der Künste zusammen mit Heiner Goebbels für Wolokolamsker Chaussee I–V
  • 1990: Kleist-Preis
  • 1994: Europe Theatre Prize
  • 1996: Theaterpreis Berlin (postum)
  • Major works

    (Where two dates are offered below, the first gives the date of composition, the second gives the date of the first theatrical production.)

    Stage productions directed by Heiner Müller

  • The Mission (Der Auftrag), Volksbühne am Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz, Berlin/GDR, 1980–1983 [German premiere; directed with Ginka Tscholakowa]
  • The Mission (Der Auftrag), Schauspielhaus Bochum, 1982 [directed with Ginka Tscholakowa]
  • Macbeth, Volksbühne am Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz, Berlin/GDR, 1982–1985 [Müller's translation and adaptation of William Shakespeare's Macbeth; directed with Ginka Tscholakowa]
  • The Scab (Der Lohndrücker), Deutsches Theater, Berlin/GDR, 1988–1991 [production also included Müller's The Horatian (Der Horatier) and Volokolomsk Highway IV, Centaurs (Wolokolamsker Chaussee IV, Kentauren)]
  • Hamlet/Machine (Hamlet/Maschine), Deutsches Theater, Berlin/GDR, 1990–1993 [Müller's translation of William Shakespeare's Hamlet staged with the East German premiere of Müller's own Hamletmachine]
  • Mauser, Deutsches Theater, Berlin, 1991–1993 [production also included Müller's Herakles 2 or the Hydra (Herakles 2 oder die Hydra), Quartet (Quartett), and Volokolomsk Highway V, The Foundling (Wolokolamsker Chaussee V, Der Findling)]
  • Duell Traktor Fatzer, Berliner Ensemble, Berlin 1993–1996 [the production was composed of Müller's Volokolomsk Highway III, The Duel (Wolokolamsker Chaussee III, Das Duell), Mommsens Block, and Tractor (Traktor), as well as his working of Brecht's fragmentary Downfall of the Egotist Johann Fatzer]
  • Richard Wagner's Tristan und Isolde, Bayreuth Festspielhaus, Bayreuth 1993–1999 [conducted by Daniel Barenboim]
  • Quartet (Quartett), Berliner Ensemble, Berlin, 1994–1997
  • Bertolt Brecht's The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui (Der aufhaltsame Aufstieg des Arturo Ui), Berliner Ensemble, Berlin, 1995–present
  • References

    Heiner Müller Wikipedia

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