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Hasso von Manteuffel

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Years of service  1908–45
Party  Free Democratic Party
Role  Politician
Name  Hasso Manteuffel
Other work  Politician

Hasso von Manteuffel Third Reichca General Hasso von Manteuffel Third Reichca
Born  14 January 1897 Potsdam, Brandenburg German Empire (1897-01-14)
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)  Weimar Republic (to 1933)  Nazi Germany (to 1945)  West Germany
Rank  General der Panzertruppe
Battles/wars  World War I World War II Operation Barbarossa Battle of Tunisia Battle of Targu Frumos Battle of Arracourt Battle of the Bulge Battle of Clervaux Battle of St. Vith Siege of Bastogne
Awards  Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds
Died  September 24, 1978, Reith im Alpbachtal, Austria
Commands held  Panzer-Grenadier-Division Grosdeutschland
Books  Alternative to Armageddon: The Peace Potential of Lightning War
Battles and wars  World War I, Operation Barbarossa
Similar People  Walter Model, Sepp Dietrich, Gerd von Rundstedt, Heinrich Freiherr von Luttw, Gotthard Heinrici

Hasso von Manteuffel (14 January 1897 – 24 September 1978) was a German general during World War II who commanded the 5th Panzer Army. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds of Nazi Germany.

Contents

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After the war, he was elected to the Bundestag (West German legislature) and was the spokesman for defense of the Liberal Party. A proponent of rearmament, he was responsible for coining the new name for the post-World War II German armed forces, the Bundeswehr.

Hasso von Manteuffel General OfficersHasso von Manteuffel 1

World War II

Hasso von Manteuffel Manteuffel Hasso Erich von WW2 Gravestone

Hasso von Manteuffel began his military career during the First World War. In 1919, he joined the Freikorps and then the newly created Reichswehr. In February 1937 he joined the Panzer Troop Command of the OKH, and in February 1939 became a senior professor at Panzer Troop School II in Berlin. During Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, Manteuffel commanded a battalion in the 7th Panzer Division, in the Army Group Centre.

In early 1943, Manteuffel was sent to Africa, where on 5 February he became the commander of the Division von Broich/von Manteuffel, serving in 5th Panzer Army. Here Manteuffel took part in the Battle of Tunisia. Manteuffel assumed command of the 7th Panzer Division on 22 August 1943 and was posted to the Eastern Front, which had by then collapsed following the Battle of Kursk and the resulting Soviet counteroffensive. The division retreated during the resulting Battle of the Dnieper.

Manteuffel was appointed commander of the Grossdeutschland Division on 1 February 1944. The division engaged the Red Army west of Kirovograd, then retreated across Ukraine. In late July Großdeutschland was ordered to East Prussia, following the collapse of Army Group Centre in Soviet Operation Bagration. The division failed to break through to the Army Group North in the Courland Pocket.

On 1 September 1944, Manteuffel was promoted to General of Panzer Troops and given command of the 5th Panzer Army on the Western Front, which took part in the Ardennes Offensive. Manteuffel’s 5th Panzer Army achieved one of the deepest penetrations of Allied lines during the offensive, almost reaching the Meuse River, and engaging the U.S. forces at the Battle of Bastogne. On 10 March 1945 Manteuffel was made the commander of the 3rd Panzer Army on the Eastern Front, attached to Army Group Vistula. His army was assigned to defend the banks of the Oder River north of the Seelow Heights. On 25 April the Soviet 2nd Belorussian Front broke through Third Panzer Army's line, forcing a German retreat. On 3 May 1945 Manteuffel surrendered his troops to the British Army at Hagenow, Germany.

Post-war

At first Manteuffel was interned at the British-administered Island Farm Special Camp 11 for high-ranking Wehrmacht officers. In 1946 he was handed over to the Americans and took part in the U.S. Army Historical Division project, for which he produced a monograph on the mobile warfare aspect of the Ardennes Offensive.

After his release in December 1946, he entered politics and was a representative of the Free Democratic Party of Germany (FDP) in the German Bundestag from 1953 to 1957. In 1957 he joined the German Party. In the early 1950s Manteuffel advised on the redevelopment of the Bundeswehr.

Manteuffel was charged in 1959 for having a deserter shot in 1944. He was convicted and sentenced to two years in prison. In 1968 he lectured at the United States Military Academy at West Point, speaking about combat in deep snow conditions and worked as a technical adviser on war films. Manteuffel died in 1978.

Awards

  • Iron Cross (1914): 2nd Class (13 October 1916) & 1st Class (2 May 1917)
  • Austrian Military Merit Cross (3rd Class)
  • Bavarian Military Merit Cross (3rd Class)
  • Panzer Badge in Silver
  • War Merit Cross (2nd Class) 2nd Class (22 July 1941) & 1st Class (1 August 1941)
  • Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds
  • Knight's Cross on 31 December 1941 as Oberst and commander of Schützen-Regiment 6
  • Oak Leaves on 23 November 1943 as Generalmajor and commander of the 7. Panzer-Division
  • Swords on 22 February 1944 as Generalleutnant and commander of the 7. Panzer-Division
  • Diamonds on 18 February 1945 as General der Panzertruppe and commander-in-chief of 5. Panzerarmee
  • References

    Hasso von Manteuffel Wikipedia


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