Trisha Shetty

Army Group North

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Country  Nazi Germany
Active  2 September 1939 – 10 October 1939 20 June 1941 – 25 January 1945 25 January 1945 –8 May 1945
Notable commanders  Fedor von Bock Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Georg von Küchler Walter Model Georg Lindemann Johannes Frießner Ferdinand Schörner Lothar Rendulic Walter Weiss

Army Group North (German: Heeresgruppe Nord) was a German strategic echelon formation, commanding a grouping of field armies during World War II. The army group was subordinated to the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), the German army high command, and coordinated the operations of attached separate army corps, reserve formations, rear services and logistics.

Contents

Formation

The Army Group North was created on the 2 September 1939 by reorganization of the 2nd Army Headquarters.
Commander in Chief 27 August 1939: GFM Fedor von Bock

Invasion of Poland

The first employment of Army Group North was in the Invasion of Poland of 1939, where in September it controlled:

  • 3rd Army
  • 4th Army
  • a reserve of four divisions
  • 10th Panzer Division
  • 73rd Infantry Division
  • 206th Infantry Division
  • 208th Infantry Division.
  • The Army Group was commanded by Fedor von Bock for the operation.

    After completion of the Poland Campaign it was transferred to the Western Theatre and on the 10 October 1939 was renamed as the Army Group B, and consisted of:

  • 6. Armee
  • 4. Armee
  • Operation Barbarossa

    In preparation for Operation Barbarossa, Army Group North was reformed from Army Group C on 22 June 1941. Army Group North was commanded by Field Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb and staged in East Prussia. Its strategic goal was Leningrad, with operational objectives being the territories of the Baltic republics and securing the northern flank of Army Group Centre in Northern Russia between Western Dvina River and Daugavpils-Kholm Army Group boundary. On commencement of the Wehrmacht's (the German armed forces) Baltic offensive operation the Army Group deployed into Lithuania and northern Belorussia.

    It served mainly in Baltic territories and north Russia until 1944.

    Commander in Chief 22 June 1941: GFM Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb

    Its subordinate Armies were deployed with the following immediate objectives:

  • 18th Army - from Koenigsberg to Ventspils - Jelgava
  • 4th Panzer Army - Pskov
  • 16th Army - Kaunas, Daugavpils
  • Army Group troops
  • Army-Group signals regiment 537
  • Army-Group signals regiment 639 (2nd echelon)
  • The Baltic offensive operation

    All operational objectives such as Tallinn were achieved despite stubborn Red Army resistance and several unsuccessful counter-offensives such as the Battle of Raseiniai, and the Army Group approached Leningrad, commencing the Siege of Leningrad. However, while the Baltic states were overrun, the Siege of Leningrad continued until 1944, when it was lifted as a result of the Red Army Leningrad-Novgorod strategic offensive operation.

    In September 1941, the Spanish Blue Division was assigned to Army Group North.

    Northern Russia offensive operation

    Composition:
    October 1941

  • 16 Armee
  • 18 Armee
  • Nevsky Pyatachok
    Operation Nordlicht

    Northern Russia defensive campaign

    Commander in Chief 17 January 1942: GFM Georg von Küchler

    Composition:
    September 1942

  • 11 Armee
  • 16 Armee
  • 18 Armee
  • December 1942

  • 16 Armee
  • 18 Armee
  • Demyansk Pocket
    Kholm Pocket
    Soviet Toropets-Kholm Operation
    Battle of Velikiye Luki
    Battle of Krasny Bor

    Baltic defensive campaign

    Commander in Chief 9 January 1944: GFM Walter Model
    Commander in Chief 31 March 1944: Generaloberst Georg Lindemann
    Commander in Chief 4 July 1944: Generaloberst Johannes Frießner
    Commander in Chief 23 July 1944: GFM Ferdinand Schörner

    March 1944

  • Army detachment "Narwa"
  • 16 Armee
  • 18 Armee
  • Battle of Narva, consisting of:

    1. Battle for Narva Bridgehead and
    2. Battle of Tannenberg Line

    Combat in South Estonia, 1944
    Soviet Baltic Offensive
    Battle of Porkuni
    Battle of Vilnius (1944)
    Battle of Memel

    After becoming trapped in the Courland Cauldron after 25 January 1945, the Army Group was renamed Army Group Courland. On the same day, in East Prussia, a new Army Group North was created by renaming Army Group Center. On the 2 April 1945, the army group was dissolved, and the staff formed the 12th Army headquarters.

    Campaign in East Prussia

    Army Group North (old Army Group Centre), was driven into an ever smaller pocket around Königsberg in East Prussia. On April 9, 1945 Königsberg finally fell to the Red Army, although remnants of Army Group units continued to resist on the Heiligenbeil & Danzig beachheads until the end of the war in Europe.

    October 1944

  • 16 Armee
  • Armee-Abteilung Grasser
  • 18 Armee
  • November 1944

  • 16 Armee
  • Armee-Abteilung Kleffel
  • 18 Armee
  • December 1944

  • 16 Armee
  • 18 Armee
  • Soviet East Prussian Offensive
    Battle of Königsberg
    Heiligenbeil pocket

    Campaign in West Prussia

    Commander in Chief 27 January 1945: Generaloberst Dr. Lothar Rendulic
    Commander in Chief 12 March 1945: Walter Weiss
    Composition:
    February 1945

  • Armee-Abteilung Samland
  • 4th Army
  • Soviet East Pomeranian Offensive
    Battle of Kolberg
    Courland Pocket
    On the 25 January 1945 Hitler renamed three army groups. Army Group North became Army Group Courland, more appropriate as it had been isolated from Army Group Centre and was trapped in Courland, Latvia; Army Group Centre became Army Group North and Army Group A became Army Group Centre.

    References

    Army Group North Wikipedia


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