Lafayette High School
| May 9, 1909 (1909-05-09) Buffalo, New York|
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Lever House, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
August 6, 1990, New York City, New York, United States
Pritzker Architecture Prize
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1933–1935)
Beinecke Library, Lever House, Hirshhorn Museum and Scul, Bunshaft Residence, 28 Liberty Street
Eero Saarinen, Natalie de Blois, Nathaniel A Owings, Louis Skid, Joseph Hirshhorn
Gordon Bunshaft Wikipedia
Gordon Bunshaft, FAIA (May 9, 1909 – August 6, 1990), was an American architect, a leading proponent of modern design in the mid-twentieth century. A partner in the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), Bunshaft joined in 1937 and remained for more than 40 years. The long list of his notable buildings includes Lever House in New York, the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., the National Commercial Bank in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 140 Broadway (Marine Midland Grace Trust Co.) and Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank in New York; the last was the first post-war "transparent" bank on the East Coast.
Bunshaft was born in Buffalo, New York, to Russian Jewish immigrant parents, and attended Lafayette High School. He received both his undergraduate (1933) and his master's (1935) degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, studied in Europe on a Rotch Traveling Scholarship from 1935 to 1937.
After his traveling scholarship, Bunshaft worked briefly for Edward Durell Stone and industrial designer Raymond Loewy before joining SOM. Bunshaft's early influences included Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier.
In the 1950s, Bunshaft was hired by the State Department's Office of Foreign Building Operations as a collaborator on the design for several U.S. consulates in Germany.
Bunshaft's only single-family residence was the 2300 square foot (210 m²) Travertine House, built for his own family. On his death he left the house to MoMA, which sold it to Martha Stewart in 1995. Her extensive remodelling stalled amid an acrimonious planning dispute with a neighbour. In 2005, she sold the house to textile magnate Donald Maharam, who described the house as "decrepit and largely beyond repair" and demolished it.
Bunshaft was elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters and was the recipient of numerous other honors and awards. He received the Brunner Prize of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in 1955, and its gold medal in 1984. He also received the American Institute of Architects Twenty-five Year Award for Lever House, in 1980, and the Pritzker Architecture Prize, in 1988. In 1958, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, and became a full member in 1959. From 1963 to 1972, he was a member of the Commission of Fine Arts in Washington.
Upon receiving the Pritzker Prize in 1988, for which he nominated himself, he gave the shortest speech of any winner in the award's history, stating:
In 1928, I entered the MIT School of Architecture and started my architectural trip. Today, 60 years later, I've been given the Pritzker Architecture Prize for which I thank the Pritzker family and the distinguished members of the selection committee for honoring me with this prestigious award. It is the capstone of my life in architecture. That's it.
Bunshaft was a trustee of the Museum of Modern Art. He also received the Medal of Honor of the New York Chapter of the American Institute of Architects.
Bunshaft's personal papers are held by the Department of Drawings & Archives in the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University; his architectural drawings remain with SOM.1942 - Great Lakes Naval Training Center, Hostess House - Great Lakes, IL
1951 - Lever House - New York, New York
1952 - Manhattan House Apartments - New York, New York
1953 - Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank - New York, New York
1956 - Ford World Headquarters - Dearborn, Michigan, with Natalie de Blois
1956 - Consular Agency of the United States, Bremen - Bremen, Germany
1957 - Connecticut General Life Insurance Company Headquarters - Bloomfield, Connecticut
1955 - Istanbul Hilton - Istanbul, Turkey
1958 - Reynolds Metals Company International Headquarters - Richmond, Virginia
1961 - One Chase Manhattan Plaza - New York City
1962 - CIL House - Montreal
1962 - Albright-Knox Art Gallery addition - Buffalo, New York
1963 - Travertine House - East Hampton (town), New York
1963 - Beinecke Library - Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
1965 - American Republic Insurance Company - Des Moines, Iowa
1965 - Banque Lambert - Brussels
1967 - Marine Midland Building - New York City
1971 - Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum - Austin, Texas
1972 - Carlton Centre - Johannesburg, South Africa
1973 - New York City Convention and Exhibition Center (not built) - New York City
1973 - Uris Hall, Cornell University - Ithaca, New York
1974 - Solow Building - 9 West 57th Street, New York, New York
1974 - W. R. Grace Building - New York, New York
1974 - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden - Washington, D.C.
1983 - National Commercial Bank - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
In 1943, Bunshaft married Nina Wayler (d. 1994). They were avid collectors of contemporary art and owned many major pieces including works by Joan Miro, Dubuffet, Giacometti, Léger and Noguchi. They lived in the Manhattan House Apartments in New York's Upper East Side, which he helped design, and at the Travertine House in East Hampton, which was his only single-family residence.
He is buried next to his wife and parents in the Temple Beth El cemetery on Pine Ridge Road in Buffalo, New York.