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Gordon Bunshaft

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Nationality  American
Role  Architect
Name  Gordon Bunshaft
Occupation  Architect
Alma mater  Lafayette High School

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Born  May 9, 1909 (1909-05-09) Buffalo, New York
Practice  Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Buildings  Lever House, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
Died  August 6, 1990, New York City, New York, United States
Awards  Pritzker Architecture Prize
Education  Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1933–1935)
Structures  Beinecke Library, Lever House, Hirshhorn Museum and Scul, Bunshaft Residence, 28 Liberty Street
Similar People  Eero Saarinen, Natalie de Blois, Nathaniel A Owings, Louis Skid, Joseph Hirshhorn

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Gordon Bunshaft, FAIA (May 9, 1909 – August 6, 1990), was an American architect, a leading proponent of modern design in the mid-twentieth century. A partner in the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM), Bunshaft joined in 1937 and remained for more than 40 years. The long list of his notable buildings includes Lever House in New York, the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, D.C., the National Commercial Bank in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, 140 Broadway (Marine Midland Grace Trust Co.) and Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank in New York; the last was the first post-war "transparent" bank on the East Coast.

Contents

Gordon Bunshaft Premios Pritzker viaje por la arquitectura contempornea

06 international style architecture 02 gordon bunshaft lever house


Early life

Gordon Bunshaft Gordon Bunshaft Architectuul

Bunshaft was born in Buffalo, New York, to Russian Jewish immigrant parents, and attended Lafayette High School. He received both his undergraduate (1933) and his master's (1935) degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, studied in Europe on a Rotch Traveling Scholarship from 1935 to 1937.

Career

Gordon Bunshaft Gordon Bundhaft Clio39s Calendar Daily Musings on

After his traveling scholarship, Bunshaft worked briefly for Edward Durell Stone and industrial designer Raymond Loewy before joining SOM. Bunshaft's early influences included Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier.

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In the 1950s, Bunshaft was hired by the State Department's Office of Foreign Building Operations as a collaborator on the design for several U.S. consulates in Germany.

Gordon Bunshaft plusarchitekt Hirshhorn Museum Sculpture Garden in Washington

Bunshaft's only single-family residence was the 2300 square foot (210 m²) Travertine House, built for his own family. On his death he left the house to MoMA, which sold it to Martha Stewart in 1995. Her extensive remodelling stalled amid an acrimonious planning dispute with a neighbour. In 2005, she sold the house to textile magnate Donald Maharam, who described the house as "decrepit and largely beyond repair" and demolished it.

Awards and honors

Gordon Bunshaft Gordon Bunshaft Wikipedia

Bunshaft was elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters and was the recipient of numerous other honors and awards. He received the Brunner Prize of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters in 1955, and its gold medal in 1984. He also received the American Institute of Architects Twenty-five Year Award for Lever House, in 1980, and the Pritzker Architecture Prize, in 1988. In 1958, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, and became a full member in 1959. From 1963 to 1972, he was a member of the Commission of Fine Arts in Washington.

Gordon Bunshaft Gordon Bunshaft Wikipedia

Upon receiving the Pritzker Prize in 1988, for which he nominated himself, he gave the shortest speech of any winner in the award's history, stating:

Gordon Bunshaft Beautiful interior of the JP Morgan Chase Manhatten tower by Gordon

In 1928, I entered the MIT School of Architecture and started my architectural trip. Today, 60 years later, I've been given the Pritzker Architecture Prize for which I thank the Pritzker family and the distinguished members of the selection committee for honoring me with this prestigious award. It is the capstone of my life in architecture. That's it.

Gordon Bunshaft Gordon Bunshaft 1974 architecture Pinterest Architecture and

Bunshaft was a trustee of the Museum of Modern Art. He also received the Medal of Honor of the New York Chapter of the American Institute of Architects.

Legacy

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Bunshaft's personal papers are held by the Department of Drawings & Archives in the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University; his architectural drawings remain with SOM.

Buildings

  • 1942 - Great Lakes Naval Training Center, Hostess House - Great Lakes, IL
  • 1951 - Lever House - New York, New York
  • 1952 - Manhattan House Apartments - New York, New York
  • 1953 - Manufacturers Hanover Trust Branch Bank - New York, New York
  • 1956 - Ford World Headquarters - Dearborn, Michigan, with Natalie de Blois
  • 1956 - Consular Agency of the United States, Bremen - Bremen, Germany
  • 1957 - Connecticut General Life Insurance Company Headquarters - Bloomfield, Connecticut
  • 1955 - Istanbul Hilton - Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1958 - Reynolds Metals Company International Headquarters - Richmond, Virginia
  • 1961 - One Chase Manhattan Plaza - New York City
  • 1962 - CIL House - Montreal
  • 1962 - Albright-Knox Art Gallery addition - Buffalo, New York
  • 1963 - Travertine House - East Hampton (town), New York
  • 1963 - Beinecke Library - Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1965 - American Republic Insurance Company - Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1965 - Banque Lambert - Brussels
  • 1967 - Marine Midland Building - New York City
  • 1971 - Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum - Austin, Texas
  • 1972 - Carlton Centre - Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1973 - New York City Convention and Exhibition Center (not built) - New York City
  • 1973 - Uris Hall, Cornell University - Ithaca, New York
  • 1974 - Solow Building - 9 West 57th Street, New York, New York
  • 1974 - W. R. Grace Building - New York, New York
  • 1974 - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden - Washington, D.C.
  • 1983 - National Commercial Bank - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Personal life

    In 1943, Bunshaft married Nina Wayler (d. 1994). They were avid collectors of contemporary art and owned many major pieces including works by Joan Miro, Dubuffet, Giacometti, Léger and Noguchi. They lived in the Manhattan House Apartments in New York's Upper East Side, which he helped design, and at the Travertine House in East Hampton, which was his only single-family residence.

    He is buried next to his wife and parents in the Temple Beth El cemetery on Pine Ridge Road in Buffalo, New York.

    References

    Gordon Bunshaft Wikipedia


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