Samiksha Jaiswal

Etobicoke Creek

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- elevation  300 m (984 ft)
- average  0.5 m/s (18 cu ft/s)
Source  Caledon
Mouth  Lake Ontario
- elevation  74 m (243 ft)
Length  61 km
Province  Ontario
Country  Canada
Etobicoke Creek httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
- left  Spring Creek, Little Etobicoke Creek
- location  Caledon, Regional Municipality of Peel
- location  Marie Curtis Park, Toronto
Cities  Toronto, Mississauga, Brampton, Caledon
Similar  Mimico Creek, Lake Ontario, Humber River, Marie Curtis Park, Don River

Etobicoke creek trout


Etobicoke Creek /ɛˈtbk/ is a river in the Greater Toronto Area of Ontario, Canada. It is a tributary of Lake Ontario and runs from Caledon to southern Etobicoke, part of the City of Toronto. The creek is within the jurisdiction of the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority.

Contents

Map of Etobicoke Creek, Ontario, Canada

Tltv ep 57 etobicoke creek trail part 1


EtymologyEdit

The name "Etobicoke" was derived from the Mississauga word wah-do-be-kang (wadoopikaang), meaning "place where the alders grow", which was used to describe the area between Etobicoke Creek and the Humber River. The first provincial land surveyor, Augustus Jones, also spelled it as "ato-be-coake". Etobicoke was adopted as the official name of the township (later city, now part of the city of Toronto) in 1795 on the direction of Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe. The name for the creek officially was adopted by the Geographical Names Board of Canada on November 18, 1962, though it existed far earlier.

CourseEdit

Etobicoke Creek begins south of the Oak Ridges Moraine and flows through Caledon, Brampton, and Mississauga — west of the Toronto Pearson International Airport and the surrounding industrial area — to its mouth at Lake Ontario in the Etobicoke portion of the city of Toronto. The length of the creek is 61 kilometres (38 mi).

WatershedEdit

The creek's southern section forms a city and county-level boundary, separating Toronto on the east from Mississauga, part of the Regional Municipality of Peel, on the west. Previously the eastern side was part of Etobicoke, which was part of Metropolitan Toronto. The watershed encompasses 211 square kilometres (81 sq mi). Mean summer waterflow has increased over the period 1967 to 2006 from 3.5 m3/s to 5.0 m3/s as recorded at a measuring station near the river mouth at the Queen Elizabeth Way.

The creek ends in a large recreational area, Marie Curtis Park. It is surrounded by big cliffs and the bottom is solid stone, often covered with smaller rocks. It is full of little fish and crayfish, a sign of purity of water.

GeologyEdit

The creek is characterized by winding paths ravines and shale banks.

Aircraft accidentsEdit

A section of Etobicoke Creek runs close to Toronto's Pearson International Airport, leaving a ravine very close to the west ends of runways 24L and 24R or the beginnings of Runways 6R & 6L. There have been two major aircraft incidents which have resulted in aircraft in the ravine.

  • On 26 June 1978, an Air Canada Douglas DC-9-32, Flight 189, with 107 people on board, overshot runway 24R and crashed into the ravine, destroying the aircraft and killing two of the passengers.
  • On August 2, 2005, an Air France Airbus A340-300, Flight 358, with 309 people on board, overran runway 24L into the ravine, followed by a fire on board. All people on board escaped safely but dozens were injured. One passenger, Roel Bramar, later commented, "It was a hell of a roller coaster going into the ravine." Although it was widely reported the Air France plane landed in a heavily wooded area, the area is in fact is fairly wide open, due to airport maintenance of both sides of the ravine. The west side of the ravine is a gentle slope, with grass and the airports light towers for both 6R/6L.
  • The position of the ravine so close to the airport's overrun area has raised some concerns among the general public, despite Toronto Pearson's compliance with all safety regulations. Work to fill the ravine or divert the creek would probably be very expensive and might face opposition from environmentalists. There are no known plans to make any landscaping changes.

    NeighbourhoodsEdit

  • Markland Wood is bounded by Etobicoke Creek to the west and Elmcrest/Renforth (tributary) Creek to the east.
  • Long Branch is bounded on the west by Etobicoke Creek.
  • TributariesEdit

  • Spring Creek
  • Little Etobicoke Creek
  • Renforth Creek
  • References

    Etobicoke Creek Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Lake Ontario
    Marie Curtis Park
    Mimico Creek
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