Harman Patil


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Kingdom  Animalia
Species  E. primordialis
Rank  Genus
Class  Placodermi
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Incertae sedis
Entelognathus Entelognathus The world39s first FACE The fossil of fish that re
Similar  Qilinyu rostrata, Placodermi, Guiyu oneiros, Ptyctodontida, Arthrodira

Entelognathus le petit poisson anc tre de l homme 26 09 2013

Entelognathus primordialis (“primordial complete jaw”) is a placoderm from the late Ludlow epoch of Qujing, Yunnan, 419 million years ago.


Entelognathus Entelognathus The world39s first FACE The fossil of fish that re

A team led by Min Zhu of the Academy of Sciences' Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing discovered the intact, articulated fossil in rock formations at Xiaoxiang reservoir.

Entelognathus Entelognathus 2 Evo from the fish39s mouth by Gogosardina on DeviantArt

Specimen and taxonomy

Entelognathus Entelognathus 3 Shaking the tree by Gogosardina on DeviantArt

The holotype of E. primordialis is the uncrushed, and mostly intact anterior half of an individual with the articulating head and trunk armor preserved in three dimensions. The holotype is about 11 centimetres (4.3 in) long, and the live animal is estimated to have been over 20 cm (8 in) long. In overall form, animal resembles primitive arthrodires, but the anatomy of the jaws strongly suggests the anatomies of bony fish and tetrapods. Specifically, this is the first stem gnathostome with dermal marginal jaw bones. These bones are the premaxilla, maxilla, and dentary. Most known placoderms had simple beak-like jaws made of bone plates.

Entelognathus cdnscinewscomimagesenlargeimage14122eEnte

The researchers' cladistic diagram suggests that E. primordialis forms a polytomy with arthrodires, ptyctodonts, and all advanced gnathostomes (namely bony fish, tetrapods, acanthodians, and chondrichthyes).


Entelognathus Entelognathus Paleontologists Find 419MillionYearOld Jawed Fish

The generic name translates as "complete jaw", referring to how the animal had a complete set of dermal marginal jaw bones. The specific name translates as "primordial".

Evolutionary significance

Up until now, scientists assumed that the last common ancestor of jawed vertebrates was a shark-like animal, with no distinct jawbones, and that modern jaws evolved in early bony fishes. This discovery shows that modern jaws evolved earlier. It is possible that Chondrichthyes started with distinct jaws and then dispensed with them. This has been called the earliest known animal with what looks like a face.


Entelognathus Wikipedia

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