Neha Patil (Editor)

Emīlija Gudriniece

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Nationality  Latvian
Years active  1949–2000
Occupation  Chemist
Alma mater  University of Latvia
Full Name  Emīlija Julianovna Gudriniece
Born  3 August 1920 (1920-08-03) Rēzekne District, Latvia
Other names  Эмилия Юлиановна Гудриниеце
Known for  Initiating rapeseed oil tests as biofuel
Died  4 October 2004, Riga, Latvia
Other name  Эмилия Юлиановна Гудриниеце

Emīlija Gudriniece (Russian: Эмилия Юлиановна Гудриниеце; 3 August 1920 – 4 October 2004) was a Latvian chemist who specialized in organic synthesis. She focused on the practical use of substances and synthesized furacilin, for which she won a state prize. She was one of the first to recognize the potential of using vegetable oils as biofuels and initiated the study of rapeseed oil refining in Latvia. She was a prolific publisher, edited the Latvian Journal of Chemistry, and published a Latvian language textbook on organic synthesis methods. She was awarded multiple prizes and recognition for her work.

Contents

Biography

Gudriniece was born on 3 August 1920 in the Rēzekne District of Latvia. She grew up in the farming village of Kromoni in the Kaunata parish and then went on to graduate from the University of Latvia in 1948 with a degree in chemical engineering. Gudriniece began her graduate work in 1949, finishing with her Candidacy Degree in Chemical Science in 1952. During this same time frame, she won the Latvian Women's Motorcycling Championship twice, both in 1949 and 1953. She was hired as an associate professor in that year at the University of Latvia in the Chemistry Faculty, where she remained until 1958. In 1959, she moved to the chemical technology department of the Riga Polytechnical Institute to begin her studies for her habilitation degree, which was completed from the Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds of Moscow in 1960. Following her completion of the advanced degree, Gudriniece was made a professor at the Riga Polytechnic in 1961. She founded the Department of Organic Synthesis and Biotechnology in 1963 at the Polytechnic and headed the department for the next 27 years.

Gudriniece's basic research focused on organic synthesis and the practical use of substances for medicines, cosmetics, and industry. She synthesized furacilin and developed a method of utilizing it for industrial purposes which earned her the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic Prize in 1957. She studied chloromethylated nitration, sulfonation, and the reactivity of cyclic 1,3-diketones, publishing over 600 scientific reports on theoretical and synthetic chemistry of heterocyclic and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. Her most recent work focused on studies of rapeseed oil in attempts to develop techniques for the separation of lipids and refining of rapeseed oil as an industry in Latvia. She was one of the first to recognize the application of vegetable oils for biofuels. She also served on the editorial board of the Latvian Journal of Chemistry and at the time of her death was coauthor of the only textbook in the Latvian language on organic synthesis methods. Gudriniece received many honors including the Gustavs Vanags Prize for Chemistry in 1972, the Vladimir Vasilevich Chelintsev Memorial Medal, election as an academician in the Latvian Academy of Sciences in 1978, Latvian Emeritus State Scientist in 1996, Professor Emeritus from the Riga Technical University in 2000, the Pauls Valdens Medal in 2000 and the Grindex Award for her contributions to education in 2003.

She died on 4 October 2004, in Riga, Latvia.

Selected works

  • Gudriniece, E.; Strakov, A.; Strakova, I. (1988). "Syntheses of heterocyclic compounds on basis 1,3-cyclohexanediones". Химия Гетероциклических Соединений (in Russian). Riga, Latvia: Latvijas Organiskās Sintēzes Institūts (6): 723–738. 
  • Gudriniece, E.; Belyakov, S.; Jure, M. (1991). "Structure of 3-aminocarbonyl-2-(N-benzylamino)-6-phenyl-4-trifluoromethylpyridine". Acta Crystallogr. 47: 344–345. 
  • Gudriniece, E.; Palitis, E.; Barkane, V. (1992). "Heterocyclic compounds on diketone basis. XXXII. Synthesis of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidones on basis of 2-amino-3-cyanothiophenes". Latvian Journal of Chemistry (in Russian). Riga, Latvia: 356–360. 
  • Gudriniece, E.; Dambeniece, I.; Karklina, A., et. al. (1993). "Reactions of 4-ureido-2-buten-4-olides with amines". Latvian Journal of Chemistry (in Russian). Riga, Latvia: 338–343. 
  • Gudriniece, E.; Dambeniece, I.; Karklina, A., et. al. (1993). "Reactions of 4-ureido-2-buten-4-olides with amines". Latvian Journal of Chemistry (in Russian). Riga, Latvia: 338–343. 
  • Gudriniece, E.; Serzane, R.; Strele, M. (2000). "Investigations of Oils and Fats". Material Science and Applied Chemistry. Riga, Latvia: Riga Technical University (1): 92. 
  • Gudriniece, E.; Starmkale, V.; Serzane, R., et. al. (2001). "Investigations of oils from plants growing in Latvia". Scientific Conference 'Organic Chemistry'. Kaunas Lithuania: Kaunas University of Technology: 50. 
  • Suloyeva, E.; Jure, E.; Gudriniece, S., et, al, (2001). "Synthesis of 2,3-dihydro-7-trifluoromethyl-5-phenylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridines". Химия Гетероциклических Соединений (in Russian). Riga, Latvia: Latvijas Organiskās Sintēzes Institūts (3): 358. 
  • Suloyeva, E.; Jure, E.; Gudriniece, E., et, al, (2002). "Properties of 8-cyano-2,3-dihydro-5-phenyl-7- trifluoromethylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridines". Химия Гетероциклических Соединений (in Russian). Riga, Latvia: Latvijas Organiskās Sintēzes Institūts (68): 811–822. 
  • Ravina, I.; Zicane, D.; Gudriniece, E., et, al, (2002). "Exotic amino acids. 6. Synthesis of substituted 4-oxo-4H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidines". Химия Гетероциклических Соединений (in Russian). Riga, Latvia: Latvijas Organiskās Sintēzes Institūts (7): 945. 
  • References

    Emīlija Gudriniece Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Boys Town (film)
    Paula Broadwell
    Mordecai Paldiel
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L