Harman Patil

Elecampane

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Asteraceae
Genus  Inula
Higher classification  Inula
Order  Asterales
Tribe  Inuleae
Scientific name  Inula helenium
Rank  Species
Elecampane wwwbotanicalcombotanicalmgmheelecam07ljpg
Similar  Inula, Tussilago, White horehound, Norwegian angelica, Mullein

Plant medicine series elecampane


Elecampane (/ˌɛlɪkæmˈpn/), Inula helenium, also called horse-heal or elfdock, is a widespread plant species in the sunflower family Asteraceae. It is native to Europe and Asia from Spain to Xinjiang Province in western China, and naturalized in parts of North America.

Contents

Elecampane Growing Hermione39s Garden Inula helenium Elecampane

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Description

Elecampane Making the Most of One Herb Elecampane Lesley Tierra39s Blogs

Elecampane is a rather rigid herb, the stem of which attains a height of about 90–150 cm (35–59 in). The leaves are large and toothed, the lower ones stalked, the rest embracing the stem; blades egg-shaped, elliptical, or lance-shaped, as big as 30 cm (12 in) long and 12 cm (4.7 in) wide. Leaves are green on the upper side with light, scattered hairs, but whitish on the underside because of a thick layer of wool. The flower heads up to 5 cm (2 inches) broad, each head containing 50-100 yellow ray flowers and 100-250 yellow disc flowers. The root is thick, branching and mucilaginous, and has a bitter taste and a camphoraceous odor with sweet floral (similar to violet) undertones.

Folklore

Elecampane The Lung Cleansing Benefits of Elecampane

The plant's specific name, helenium, derives from Helen of Troy; elecampane is said to have sprung up from where her tears fell. It was sacred to the ancient Celts, and once had the name "elfwort".

Uses

In France and Switzerland it is used in the manufacture of absinthe.

Elecampane Elecampane Medicinal Herb Info

The root was employed by the ancients, mentioned in Pliny, Natural History 19.29 both as a medicine and as a condiment, and in England it was formerly in great repute as an aromatic tonic and stimulant of the secretory organs. It is mentioned in an 1817 New-England almanack as a cure for hydrophobia when the root is bruised and used with a strong decoction of milk. It is used in herbal medicine as an expectorant and for water retention.

Chemical constituents

Elecampane Elecampane

Besides the storage polysaccharide inulin (C6H12O6[C6H10O5]n), a polymer of fructose, the root contains helenin (C15H20O2), a stearoptene, which may be prepared in white acicular crystals, insoluble in water, but freely soluble in alcohol. When freed from the accompanying inula-camphor by repeated crystallization from alcohol, helenin melts at 110 °C.

References

Elecampane Wikipedia


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