| 33.62 km2 |
| Silliman University (Dumaguete), Negros Oriental State University (Dumaguete), Foundation University (Dumaguete), STI Dumaguete (Dumaguete)|
2nd district of Negros Oriental
Manuel "Chiquiting" Sagarbarria
Dumaguete , officially the City of Dumaguete, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Dumaguete; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Dumaguete; Filipino: Lungsod ng Dumaguete), or simply as Dumaguete City, is a 3rd class city in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 131,377 people.
It is the capital and most populous city of the province of Negros Oriental. The city is nicknamed The City of Gentle People.
Dumaguete is referred to as a university city because of the presence of four universities and a number of other colleges where students of the province converge to enroll for tertiary education. The city is also a popular educational destination for students of surrounding provinces and cities in Visayas and Mindanao. The city is best known for Silliman University, the country's first Protestant university and the first American university in Asia. There are also 18 public elementary schools and 8 public high schools. The city's student population is estimated at 30,000.
Dumaguete attracts a considerable number of foreign tourists, particularly Europeans, because of easy access from Cebu City in Central Visayas, the availability of beach resorts and dive sites, the attraction of dolphin and whale watching in nearby Bais City. Dumaguete is listed 5th in Forbes Magazine's "7 Best Places to Retire Around the World".
The power source of the city comes from the geothermal power plant in Palinpinon, Valencia. The city has redundant fiber optic lines and is a focal point for telecommunications. It is the landing point for fiber optic cables linking it to the whole Visayas, Manila (the capital of the nation) and cities south of Luzon, as well as to other cities north of Mindanao.
"Dumaguete" was coined from the Cebuano word dagit, which means "to snatch". The word dumaguet, meaning "to swoop", was coined because of frequent raids by Moro pirates on this coastal community and its power to attract and keep visitors, both local and foreign. In 1572, Diego López Povedano indicated the place as Dananguet, but cartographer Pedro Murillo Velarde in 1734 already used present name of Dumaguete for the settlement.
Dumaguete has a land area of 3,362 hectares (8,310 acres), situated on the plains of the southeastern coast of the large island of Negros, near the mouth of the Banica River. Of the province's 19 municipalities/towns and 6 cities, Dumaguete is the smallest in terms of land area. It is bounded on the north by the town of Sibulan, on the south by the town of Bacong and on the west by the town of Valencia.
As a coastal city, it is bounded on the east by the Bohol Sea and the Tañon Strait, serving as a natural border of southeastern Negros Island Region to the neighboring Central Visayas. The city's topography is generally flat from two to six kilometers from the shoreline. It slopes gently upwards to the adjoining municipality of Valencia. The highest ground elevation is located at the boundary of the municipality of Valencia, about one hundred meters above mean sea level. About 93% of the land have slopes of less than 3%. The remaining areas have 3% to 5% slope.
Dumaguete has two seasons, namely; the dry and the wet seasons. The wet season covers the period from June to November, and the dry season starts from December to May, the hottest being April and May. The average maximum temperature is 34.3 °C and the average minimum temperature is 22.9 °C for the past years. The relative humidity of the locality for the past years was 78¾% with the month of December registering the highest.
Dumaguete is politically subdivided into 30 barangays, all classified as urban. The eight barangays in the city's downtown area are known primarily by number. The smallest barangay is Barangay 4 with an area of only 5.11 hectares, while the biggest barangay is Barangay Banilad with 362.71 hectares.
As of the census in 2015, there are 131,377 people and 21,582 households residing in the city (as of 2010). The city has the least poverty incidence among urban centers in Visayas, according to the 2009 Small Area Estimates (SAE) of Poverty done by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB). It has an average daylight population of 400,000 people. Dumaguete is the most populous city in Negros Oriental, comprising 9.05% of the province's total population. Its total voting population is 68,648 as of 2010.
Dumaguete has earned the distinction of being known as the "center of learning in the South," or a university city due to the presence of universities that have made their mark nationally and abroad. The city is a melting pot of students, professionals, artists, scholars and the literati coming from different parts of the country and the world.
Silliman University is the dominant institution of higher learning in Dumaguete, providing the city with a distinct university town atmosphere. It is the first Protestant university in the country and the first American university in Asia. The 610,000 m² campus is adjacent to and intermixed with the city's downtown district. Some of its buildings have likewise been recognized as landmarks. These buildings include the Silliman Hall, Hibbard Hall, Katipunan Hall, the Luce Auditorium, and the Silliman Main Library (considered as one of the biggest libraries in the Philippines).
Other universities located in the city are: Foundation University (1949), a private non-sectarian university, its Main Campus where the site of a very popular Sofia Soller Sinco Hall dubbed as White House of Dumaguete is located at Meciano Road offers tertiary education programs while North Campus along Locsin Street is the home of Foundation Preparatory Academy for basic education programs. The Negros Oriental State University (NORSU) which was founded on 1907, has its two main campuses in the city, the Main Campus 1 is beside the Provincial Capitol building while Main Campus 2 is located in barangay Bajumpandan. It is the only state university in Negros Oriental and is very popular among students from different towns and cities of the province and some other parts of the country. St. Paul University Dumaguete (1904) is the first Saint Paul educational institution to be established in the Philippines by the Sisters of Saint Paul of Chartres (SPC) from France and considered as premier Catholic university of Dumaguete City.
Tourism, the academe, the retail industries, BPO and technology-related activities are the major sources of income for the city. BPOs and IT firms, as well as retailing, are the fastest rising industries.
Data from the Department of Tourism show that Dumaguete and Negros Oriental are among the top ten most visited tourist destinations in the country. Tourists visit popular sites such as: the historic Rizal Boulevard aligned with some hotels, coffee shops, fine-dining restaurants and bars including the latest dining commercial complex, Paseo Perdices is the preferred location of Max's Restaurant, Yellow Cab Pizza and among others; Silliman Hall-home of University's Anthropology Museum; St. Catherine of Alexandria Cathedral being the oldest stone church of the island of Negros and ecclesiastical seat of the bishop of Roman Catholic Diocese of Dumaguete and Campanario de Dumaguete which is considered as one of the oldest heritage landmarks of Negros Island Region. Dumaguete serves as the main gateway to Negros Oriental.
A Tholons 100 outsourcing destination, Dumaguete's outsourcing industry has a wide and diversified range from call centers, publishing, medical transcription, animation, editing, and architectural outsourcing. With over 20 IT and BPO locators, Dumaguete City is becoming one of the most preferred Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Information Technology (IT) hubs of the Philippines. These industries drive economic activity even at night time with the strong presence of 24-hour food-chains like Jollibee, McDonald's, Dunkin Donuts, Chowking, etc. and a considerable number of well-known convenience stores such as 7-Eleven and Ministop.
Some PEZA-accredited IT Parks and buildings located in the city are:Dumaguete Business Park and IT Plaza in Brgy. Calindagan (TeleTech, SOPHI Inc., Ingenuiti, Applied Balance)
LP IT Park, Brgy. Bagacay (SPi Global – SPi Technologies and SPi Healthcare)
DCDB Building at Cervantes cor. Locsin Streets (StudentUniverse)
EROS Building at Locsin Street, Downtown area (Qualfon Site 1)
LinkSy IT Park in Brgy. Bantayan (Qualfon Site 2)
YY StarDAS IT Center, Brgy. Bagacay (SPi CRM Relia)
Major malls and shopping centers in Dumaguete include Cang's Inc. Shopping Complex and CityMall Dumaguete along national highway both located in Brgy. Daro; Lee Super Plaza and Robinsons Townville Perdices in the downtown area; and the upcoming Festival Mall Dumaguete at Escaño Beach, Piapi (North Boulevard) as one of the major components of Filinvest township project called Marina Town Dumaguete. Robinsons Place Dumaguete, the first full-service mall in the city is about 02 km (1.2 mi) from the city center heading to the south.
Due to the booming BPO industry in Dumaguete, many jobs were created and many of the citizens of Dumaguete, as well as neighboring towns, are hired. There is also a free job website named Dumjobs that offers free job posting for Dumaguete City and Negros Oriental employers.
Dumaguete has three major tertiary hospitals, namely the Holy Child Hospital, Negros Oriental Provincial Hospital, and the Silliman Medical Center which is currently associated with St. Luke's Medical Center in Metro Manila and considered one of the best hospitals outside Metro Manila and Metro Cebu. Under proposal is a medical resort with a 100-bed tertiary hospital, and which will cater primarily to the retirement market from North American, European and East Asian countries. Also being constructed is ACE Dumaguete Doctors Hospital, an eight storeys, 200-bed hospital near the downtown area. Dumaguete City is one of the five areas identified by the Philippine government as retirement hubs.
Sibulan Airport (IATA: DGT, ICAO: RPVD), also known as Dumaguete Airport or Dumaguete-Sibulan Airport, is the city's domestic airport located in neighboring Sibulan town in the north. It provides daily flights to and from Manila and Cebu City through Cebu Pacific, Cebgo and PAL Express while Cebgo is servicing both Mindanao premier cities, thrice weekly flights to Davao City and Cagayan de Oro City. However, a new airport is being planned to be built in Bacong, a town bordering Dumaguete in the south The proposal for the transfer and upgrading of this airport to international standards has already been approved and should be completed before 2025. An initial PHP 500 million budget has already been released for initial study and procurement of free lands.
Dumaguete, as a major port city is a jump-off point for passengers/tourists who are going to other Visayas and Mindanao areas. There are daily ferry connections to the islands of Cebu, Bohol, Siquijor and Mindanao operated by Archipelago Philippine Ferries Corporation (Fast Cat), Montenegro Lines, Ocean Jet Shipping, Cokaliong and other companies. Dumaguete is an access city for passengers/tourists going to Cebu which is dubbed as economic hub of the Visayas. There are smaller ports north of the city where short and frequent ferry connections are available to that island as an alternative. Dumaguete is a port of call for travelers to Manila and Zamboanga City by ship serviced by 2GO Travel.
The main form of public transport in Dumaguete is the motorized tricycle. The Dumaguete version of the motorized tricycle can fit up to 6-8 passengers. For transport to destinations outside the city limit, there are jeepney and buses travelling set routes. Meanwhile, Vallacar Transit Corporation, the company that operates Ceres buses recently constructed a 2-storey terminal building in Dumaguete just beside the newly erected commercial center, the Marketplace.
The following people are notable residents, past and present, from Dumaguete City:Manuel Almagro, architect
Rene Armogenia, architect
Efren Padilla, urban designer
Dean Sinco, architect
Mary Davis Amigo†, businesswoman
Ang Tay†, businessman
Chuang Tek Huy†, businessman
Don Miguel Diaz†, businessman
Tansieng Dy†, businessman
Ramon V. Escaño†, businessman
Don Felix Montenegro†, businessman
Don Joaquin Montenegro†, businessman
Avelino A. Quiamco Sr.†, businessman
Julio O. Sy, businessman
Julio Sy Jr., businessman
Daniel Z. SyCip, businessman
Mariano Larena Uymatiao†, businessman
Olivia Yanson, businesswoman and founder of Ceres Liner
Cesar Jalandoni Amigo†, screenwriter
Gino Antonio, actor
Andy Bais, actor
Theodore Boborol, director
Bernard Catindig, actor
Carmen del Prado, documentarian
Ramon del Prado, animator
Jean Claire Dy, documentarian
Mark Xander Fabillar, actor
Beauty Gonzalez, actor and Pinoy Big Brother: Teen Edition Plus 4th Teen Placer
Bret Jackson, actor and Pinoy Big Brother housemate
Nadia Montenegro, actor
Eva Rose Repollo, documentarian
Eddie Romero†, director, screenwriter, and National Artist for Cinema and Broadcast Arts
Seymour Pascua Sanchez, director
Dennis Trillo, actor, model, singer, and TV host
Richie Armogenia, chef
Gabriel del Prado, restaurateur
Sande Fuentes, restaurateur
Edison Monte de Ramos Manuel, chef
Mariant Escaño-Villegas, founder of MEV Dance Company
Lucy Jumawan, founder of Silliman University Dance Troupe
Justice Venancio Aldecoa Jr., Silliman University President
Leonor Briones, Secretary of the Department of Education and former Treasurer of the Philippines
Betty Cernol-McCann, former UBCHEA Executive Director and incoming Silliman University President
David Sutherland Hibbard†, founder of Silliman University
Laura Hibbard†, founder of Silliman University
Abby Jacobs†, educator
Ben S. Malayang III, Silliman University President
Metta Jacobs Silliman†, educator
Robert Silliman†, educator
Vicente Sinco†, founder of Foundation University
Rogelie Catacutan, model and beauty titlist (Binibining Pilipinas Supranational 2015)
Lorraine Kendrickson, model and beauty titlist (Miss World Philippines 2014 1st Princess)
Rajo Laurel, fashion designer
Fred Quimat, fashion designer
Amir Sali, fashion designer
Jacqueline Veloso-Antonio, beauty titlist
Merlie Alunan, poet and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
César Ruìz Aquino, poet, fictionist, and four-time Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
Ian Casocot, fictionist and five-time Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
Claro Ceniza†, poet and philosopher
Earl Jude Cleope, historian
Elsa Martinez Coscolluela, poet, fictionist, playwright and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award Hall-of-Famer
Leoncio P. Deriada, poet, fictionist, playwright and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award Hall-of-Famer
Christine Godinez-Ortega, poet
Leonilda Bayran Magdamo, poet
Elena Maquiso†, historian and Ulahingan researcher
David C. Martinez, fictionist and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
Grace Monte de Ramos, poet
Jose V. Montebon†, fictionist
Myrna Peña-Reyes, poet
Caridad Aldecoa Rodriguez†, historian
Lakambini Sitoy, fictionist and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
T. Valentino Sitoy, historian
Artemio Tadena†, poet and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
Anthony L. Tan, poet, fictionist, and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
Edilberto Tiempo†, writer
Edith Tiempo†, writer and National Artist for Literature
Rowena Tiempo Torrevillas, poet, fictionist, essayist, and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
Ernesto Superal Yee†, poet and fictionist
Bobby Flores Villasis, poet, fictionist, playwright, and Carlos Palanca Memorial Award winner
Diomar Abrio, music educator
Joseph Basa, band conductor
Constantino Bernardez, classical singer
Boboy Garovillo, singer and member of APO Hiking Society
Emmanuel Gregorio, classical singer
Priscilla Magdamo-Abraham, ethnomusicologist
Elmo Makil†, tenor and music educator
James Palmore†, music educator
Miriam G. Palmore†, music educator
Ruth Imperial Pfeiffer, pianist
William Pfeiffer†, music educator and researcher
Isabel Dimaya Vista, pianist, conductor, and music educator
Elizabeth Susan Vista-Suarez, pianist, conductor, and music educator
Zoe R. Lopez, violinist and composer
Herbert Timtim, singer and founder of Enchi
Earnest Hope Tinambacan, actor, director, singer, and founder of HOPIA and The Belltower Project
Gamaliel Viray, classical singer
Lazaro J. Alfabeto†, provincial treasurer
Juanita Amatong, former Secretary of the Department of Finance
MacArthur Corsino, Philippine Ambassador
Demetrio Larena, provincial governor
Jocelyn Limkaichong, congresswoman
Maria Luisa Locsin†, city councilor and Sibulan mayor
Lamberto L. Macias†, congressman
Emilio C. Macias II, provincial governor
Mariano A. Perdices†, city mayor and provincial governor
Felipe Antonio Remollo, city mayor
José E. Romero†, Philippine Ambassador to the Court of St. James
Jose Pro Teves†, longest-serving city mayor
Lorenzo Teves†, senator
Margarito Teves, congressman and former Secretary of the Department of Finance
Don Serafin L. Teves†, provincial governor
Antonio Fortich, Catholic bishop and social activist
Proceso Udarbe†, pastor and author
Angel C. Alcala, biologist, Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for Public Service, former Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, and National Scientist
Lorna Makil, sociologist
Alfredo Y. Reyes†, botanist,
Hubert Reynolds†, anthropologist
Mark Javier, archer and Philippine delegate to the Beijing Olympics
Paula Lynn Obanana, international badminton player
Evelyn Aldecoa†, actor, director, and founder of Twilight Theatre
Ephraim Bejar†, director
Anna del Prado, actor
Lu Decenteceo, actor
Frank Flores, director and founder of Portal Players
Junix Inocian†, actor
Amiel Y. Leonardia, actor and director
Frances Makil-Ignacio, actor
Paul Palmore, actor and director
Dessa Quesada-Palm, director, actor, and founder of Youth Advocates Through Theatre Arts
Kristoffer Ardeña, painter
Edmund Bendijo, painter
Hersley Ven Casero, painter and photographer
Sharon Dadang-Rafols, painter
Albert Faurot†, art educator
W Don Flores, painter
Jana Jumalon-Alano, painter and sculptor
Jose Laspiñas†, painter
Paul Pfeiffer, multimedia artist
Jutze Pamate, painter
Kennedy Rubias†, painter
Razcel Jan Luiz Salvarita, painter, performance artist, filmmaker, and photographer
Danni Sollesta, painter and sculptor
Cristina Taniguchi, painter and sculptor
Maria Taniguchi, painter
Mark Valenzuela, painter
Babbu Wenceslao, painter
Dumaguete has the following sister cities:Bacolod, Negros Occidental
Butuan, Agusan del Norte
Makati, Metro Manila
Yeongdong County of North Chungcheong, Republic of Korea
Alameda of California, United States