Rahul Sharma (Editor)

City of Sydney

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Population  205,339 (2015) (18th)
Time zone  AEST (UTC+10)
Area  25 km²
Local time  Monday 4:35 PM
Established  20 July 1842
Region  Metropolitan Sydney
Founded  20 July 1842
City of Sydney wwwbusinessrisksinternationalcomauimagesaustr
Lord Mayor  Clover Moore (Independent)
State electorate(s)  Sydney Balmain Heffron Newtown
Weather  24°C, Wind S at 43 km/h, 57% Humidity
Council seat  Sydney central business district (Sydney Town Hall)

City of sydney fire station 17 may 2014


The City of Sydney is the local government area covering the Sydney central business district and surrounding inner city suburbs of the greater metropolitan area of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Contents

Map of Sydney NSW 2000, Australia

The central business district of Sydney is roughly bounded by Circular Quay and Sydney Harbour to the north, Macquarie Street to the east, Darling Harbour to the west and Liverpool Street and Central railway station to the south.

On 6 February 2004, the former local government area of the City of South Sydney was formally merged into the City of Sydney. Suburbs within the boundaries of the City of Sydney before the merger include the central business district of Sydney itself, Pyrmont and Ultimo to the west, Haymarket to the south, and other suburbs. Suburbs within the City of South Sydney before the merger included Woolloomooloo, Alexandria, Darlington (now mostly occupied by the University of Sydney), Erskineville, Newtown, Redfern, Glebe, Waterloo, most of Surry Hills and a portion of Paddington.

The leader of the City of Sydney holds the title of the Lord Mayor of Sydney. The current Lord Mayor is Councillor Clover Moore who has been in office since 27 March 2004.

City of sydney fire station 30 may 2015


Suburbs and localities in the local government area

Suburbs within or partially within the City of Sydney are:

Localities in the City of Sydney are:

Demographics

At the 2011 Census, there were 169,505 people in the Sydney local government area, of these 52.8% were male and 47.2% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 1.3% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Sydney was 32 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 7.1% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 7.9% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 25.5% were married and 10.1% were either divorced or separated.

Population growth in the City of Sydney between the 2001 Census and the 2006 Census was 3.31%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 Census, population growth was 4.57%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in the Sydney local government area was a little over half the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Sydney was more than 1.5 times the national average.

The proportion of dwellings in the City of Sydney that are apartments or units is 73.6%, which is substantially different from the Australian average of 13.6%. The proportion of residents in the Sydney local government area that claimed Australian ancestry was approximately half the national average.

^a  1996 Census figures refer to the City of Sydney prior to its merger with the City of South Sydney.

Politics

As noted above, the electoral boundary of the City of Sydney have been significantly altered by state governments on at least four occasions since 1945, with advantageous effect to the governing party in the New South Wales Parliament at the time. Successive State governments of both major parties, Labor and Liberal, have re-drawn the electoral boundaries to include inner suburbs that are traditionally supportive of them, and to exclude suburbs that are traditionally hostile. In 1972 the Council had prepared the City of Sydney Strategic Plan, only the second city (after New York) to prepare a comprehensive assessment and plan of major issues for the future. With triennial reviews, this guided development of the City for twenty years, and a similar planning process has continued.

A 1987 Liberal re-organisation saw Sydney Council split, with southern suburbs forming a new South Sydney Council. This was thought to advantage the Liberal government of the day, as the southern suburbs had traditionally voted Labor.

In 2004, the Labor State Government undid this change, again merging the councils of the City of Sydney and the South Sydney Council. Critics claimed that this was performed with the intention of creating a "super-council" which would be under the control of Labor, which also controlled the State Government. Subsequent to this merger, an election took place on 27 March 2004 which resulted in the independent candidate Clover Moore defeating the high-profile Labor candidate, former federal minister Michael Lee and winning the position of Lord Mayor. Critics of the merger claimed that this was a result of a voter backlash against the party for attempting to create the "super-council".

The daily administration of the City of Sydney is performed by its General Manager, currently Monica Barone, who reports to the Council.

Current composition and election method

Sydney City Council is composed of ten Councillors, including the Lord Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The Lord Mayor is directly elected while the nine other Councillors are elected proportionally. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council, including the Lord Mayor, is as follows:

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election, is:

History

The name Sydney comes from "Sydney Cove" which is where the English admiral Arthur Phillip established the first settlement, after arriving with the First Fleet. On 26 January 1788, he named it after Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney, who was the home secretary at the time, and the man responsible for the plan for the convict colony in Australia.

The "City of Sydney" was established on 20 July 1842 by the Corporation Act which encompasses present-day Woolloomooloo, Surry Hills, Chippendale and Pyrmont, an area of 11.65 km². There were six wards established by boundary posts. A boundary post still exists in front of Sydney Square.

The boundaries of the City of Sydney have changed fairly regularly since 1900. The bankrupt Municipality of Camperdown was merged with the city in 1909. As a result of the Local Government (Areas) Act 1948, the municipalities of Alexandria, Darlington, Erskineville, Newtown, Redfern, The Glebe, Waterloo, and Paddington were added to the City. In 1968 the boundaries were changed and many of these suburbs moved to be part of a new municipality of South Sydney. South Sydney was brought back into the city in 1982, but became separate again under the City of Sydney Act of 1988 and then became smaller than its original size at 6.19 km². It grew again in February 2004 with the merger of the two council areas, and now has a population of approximately 170,000 people.

Environment

The City of Sydney has adopted various strategies and practices as climate change has become a major issue in Australia. Alarmingly, Australia's greenhouse gas emissions are some of the highest in the world per capita which has prompted a high level of concern. Thus, strategies have been implemented by the City of Sydney since the 2000s to reduce car pollution by encouraging mass and public transit and introducing a fleet of 10 new Nissan LEAF electric cars, the largest order of the pollution-free vehicle in Australia. Electric cars do not produce carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide, gases which contribute to climate change. Cycling trips have increased by 113% across Sydney's inner-city since March 2010, with approximately 2,000 bikes passing through top peak-hour intersections on an average weekday.

The City of Sydney became the first council in Australia to achieve formal certification as carbon-neutral in 2008. The city has reduced its 2007 carbon emissions by 6% and since 2006 has reduced carbon emissions from city buildings by up to 20%. The City of Sydney introduced a Sustainable Sydney 2030 program, with various targets planned and a comprehensive guide on how to reduce energy in homes and offices within Sydney by 30%. Reductions in energy consumption have slashed energy bills by $30 million a year. Solar panels have been established on many CBD buildings in an effort to minimise carbon pollution by around 3,000 tonnes a year. Sydney has also become a leader in the development of green office buildings and enforcing the requirement of all building proposals to be energy-efficient.

The One Central Park development, completed in 2013, is an example of this implementation and design. Proposals to make all of Sydney's future buildings sustainable and environmentally friendly by using recycled water, rooftop gardens, efficient and renewable energy.

Sydney Peace Prize

The City of Sydney is a major supporter of the Sydney Peace Prize.

Sister cities

Sydney City Council maintains sister city relations with the following cities:

  • San Francisco, California, United States, since 1968
  • Nagoya, Japan, since 1980
  • Wellington, New Zealand, since 1982
  • Portsmouth, England, United Kingdom, since 1984
  • Guangzhou, China, since 1985
  • Florence, Tuscany, Italy, since 1986
  • Friendship Cities

  • Paris, France, since 1998
  • Berlin, Germany, since 2000
  • Athens, Greece, since 2000
  • Dublin, Ireland, since 2002
  • Economy

    The City of Sydney contains Sydney's central business district. This includes a prominent financial hub surrounding Martin Place. Over 600,000 people travel into the City of Sydney each day for work or sightseeing. Along with North Sydney, Parramatta, Maquarie Park, Chatswood, Blacktown, Liverpool and Bankstown, it is one of the major CBDs that exists within the Sydney Metropolitan area. Notable companies that is based in Sydney includes: APN News and Media, Fairfax Media, Westpac and Woolworth Limited.

    References

    City of Sydney Wikipedia


    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L