Dr. Carlos Brandt Tortolero was an author, historian, doctor of philosophy, philosopher of vegetarianism, essayist, novelist, biographer, musicologist and naturopath, who was born in Miranda, a town in Carabobo State, Venezuela.
He was born in Miranda, Carabobo state, Venezuela, the son of a German immigrant Karl Brandt, a coffee planter and exporter, and Zoraida Tortolero, mother to Carlos, Juan Luis, Fernando, Augusto, Asteria and Mary. His younger brother (by 17 years) was the composer Augusto Brandt. He studied in Puerto Cabello Elementary School and was sent to Germany to join the Pro Gymnasium in Hamburg, aged 14 to 19. He toured German and France, and returned to Venezuela at 19, fluent in German, French and English. At 25, he met Leo Tolstoy, which encouraged his literary ambitions. In 1901, his first book appeared La Belleza de la Mujer.
Under the dictatorship of Juan Vicente Gómez, he was imprisoned and then exiled to Spain, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and then the United States. Protesting at the dictatorship, he encountered the anarchist organization "Generación Consciente" in Barcelona. He eventually returned to Venezuela, and died in Caracas, aged 88.
He promoted natural living, pacifism, free-thinking, liberty and spiritualism, in his writings, as well as being a novelist and biographer. Many of his books emerged during his time in exile. In 1913, Fundamentos de la Moral, also known as El Problema Vital (The Vital Problem), was published with a prologue by Albert Einstein. For his work, the American School of Naturopathy awarded him an honorary doctorate. With this and further writings, Brandt counted as one of the original founders of the Vegetarianism movement.
His books were published in Spanish, Italian, Flemish, Dutch, English, French and German. His first book published in English was Hight and Right.
As well as his historic and philosophical writings, Brandt generated extensive correspondence with authors such as George Bernard Shaw, Leo Tolstoy, Albert Einstein, Benedict Lust - one of the founders of natural medicine, Ernst Haeckel, Max Nordau, Gabriela Mistral, Raffaele Garofalo, Russell Wallace and Elmer Lee.
Brandt, along with Arnold Ehret, Benedict Lust and Louis Kuhn, was one of the original pioneers of naturopathy. Brandt taught Nicolás Capó (born around 1902), who wrote his first book circa 1935. Many of Brandt's books were distributed through Capo's Instituto de Trofoterapia, in Barcelona.
Capó and José Castro (Galician naturopath), were pioneers of dietary health and healing in Spain, during the 1920s to 1940s, opening Escuela Naturo-Trofologica in Barcelona in 1925. Capo left Spain for Argentina around 1939, fleeing from the Francisco Franco dictatorship.
German pioneers of the nature cure and natural hygiene movements are featured in Children Of The Sun: A Pictorial Anthology From Germany to California 1883-1949 by Gordon Kennedy, Navaria Press 1998.
Brandt is listed in Who’s Who In Latin America.Análisis Critica De La Biblia / Critical Analysis Of The Bible
Bajo La Tiranía De Cipriano Castro / Under The Tyranny Of Cipriano Castro
Bajo la tiranía de Cipranio Castro, Tipografía Vargas, 1952
Beethoven, Su Vida, Su Obra, Y El Sentido De Su Música / Beethoven: His Life, His Work & The Sense Of His Music 1940, 1954
Belleza De La Mujer, Tratado De Las Proporciones Armoniosas Del Cuerpo Humano Y De La Importancia Filosófica, Artística Y Sociológica De La Belleza Física / The Beauty Of Woman: The Harmonious Proportions Of The Human Body & The Philosophical, Artistic & Sociological Importance Of Physical Beauty 1935
Camino De Perfección / The Way Of Perfection
Cervantes: El Titán De La Literatura Y Su Obra Maestra: El Quijote / Cervantes: The Titan Of Literature & His Masterpiece: Don Quixote, 1942, Las Novedades, Caracas
Colon / Columbus
Diógenes: El Atleta De La Voluntad / Diogenes: The Willing Athlete
El Anarquismo En América Latina / Anarchism In Latin America
El Estado Y La Iglesia / The Estate & The Church
El fanatismo religioso, Editorial Símbolo
El Fundamento De La Moral / The Fundamental Basis Of Morality 1918, 1926 Librería Sintes, Barcelona
El misterioso almirante y su enigmático descubrimiento by Carlos Brandt Ministerio de Educación Nacional, Dirección de Cultura, 1949
El Misterioso Almirante Y Su Enigmático Descubrimiento: Biografía Caracas / The Mysterious Admiral & His Enigmatic Discovery: A Biography Of Caracas
El Modernismo / Modernism 1994
El Problema Económico-Social / The Social-Economic Problem
El Problema Vital / The Vital Problem: The Path To Health, Wisdom & Universal Peace 1924, 1969, 1999, Instituto De Trofoterapia, Barcelona and Benedict Lust Publishers, New York (1924)
El Sendero De La Salud / The Path Of Health
El Vegetarianismo / Vegetarianism
Filosofía Del Vegetarismo / The Philosophy Of Vegetarianism 1927, Librería Sintes, Barcelona
Fundamentos de la Moral (The Vital Problem)
Giordano Bruno, El Mártir Más Auténtico De La Historia / Giordano Bruno: The Most Authentic Martyr Of History Kier, 1940
Hight and Right (in English)
Jesús, El Filósofo Por Excelencia / Jesus: The Philosopher Par Excellence 1939
La Belleza De La Mujer / The Beauty Of Women
La Clave Del Misterio / The Key To The Mystery
La Dictadura Gomecista / The Gomecist Dictatorship
La Época Del Terror: En El País De Gómez / The Age Of Terror: In The Country Of Gomez
La Paz Universal / Universal Peace
La Superstición Médica / Medical Superstition
Leonardo da Vinci: El Profeta De Los Profetas / Leonardo da Vinci: The Prophet Of Prophets, Editorial Latorre Caracas 1939, Simon & Schuster 1993
Los Enigmas De La Ciencia / The Enigmas Of Science
Naturaleza Frugivora Del Hombre / The Frugivorous Nature Of Man
Patología Racional: Las Enfermedades, Su Origen Y Curación / Rational Pathology: Illnesses, Their Origin & Cures 1942, 1949, Ediciones Universo, Toulouse
Pitágoras Y Vegetarianismo / Pythagoras & Vegetarianism, 1970, Instituto De Trofoterapia, Barcelona
Pitágoras, Padre De La Sabiduría Europea / Pythagoras, Father Of European Wisdom
Siluetas Luminosas / Luminous Silhouettes
Spinoza Y El Panteísmo / Spinoza & Pantheism 1972
Fundamentos de la Moral (The Vital Problem)