A car shuttle train, or (sometimes) car-carrying train (French: navette-auto; German: Autoverladung; Swiss German: Autoverlad), is a shuttle train used to transport accompanied cars (automobiles), and usually also other types of road vehicles, for a relatively short distance.
Car shuttle trains usually operate on lines passing through a rail tunnel and connecting two places not easily accessible to each other by road. On car shuttle train services, the occupants of the road vehicles being carried on the train usually stay with their vehicle throughout the rail journey.
As such, car shuttle train services are to be contrasted with Auto Train or Motorail services. Unlike a car shuttle train, an Auto Train or Motorail train is a passenger train on which, except in France, passengers can take their car or automobile along with them. On Auto Trains or Motorail trains, passengers are carried in normal passenger cars or in sleeping cars on longer journeys, while the cars or automobiles are loaded separately into autoracks, car carriers, or flatcars that normally form part of the same train.
Car shuttle train Wikipedia
Böckstein, Salzburg – Mallnitz-Obervellach, Carinthia: Autoschleuse Tauern Railway Tunnel operated by the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)
Accompanied road vehicles are carried in closed railway wagons through the Channel Tunnel between Sangatte (Pas-de-Calais, France) and Cheriton (Kent, United Kingdom).
The SyltShuttle operated by DB AutoZug transports road vehicles on railway wagons over the Hindenburgdamm from Niebüll, Schleswig-Holstein to Westerland in Sylt (or in the opposite direction).
Car shuttle trains operate on the Bohinj Railway between Bohinjska Bistrica and Most na Soči through the Bohinj Tunnel to Podbrdo.
The following car shuttle trains operate in Switzerland (mostly through tunnels):Andermatt (UR) - Sedrun (GR): Oberalp (only during winter while the road is closed) (MGB)
Brig (VS) - Iselle di Trasquera (Italy): Simplon (SBB)
Kandersteg (BE) - Goppenstein (VS): Lötschberg (no road connection) (BLS)
Kandersteg (BE) - Iselle di Trasquera (Italy): Lötschberg and Simplon (BLS)
Oberwald (VS) - Realp (UR): Furka Base Tunnel (MGB)
Selfranga (GR) - Sagliains (GR): Vereina Tunnel (instead of the drive over the Flüelapass) (RhB)
until 2011 Thusis (GR) - Samedan (GR): Albula Railway, including the Albula Tunnel (as an alternative to the Julierpass) (RhB)
Until the opening of the Gotthard Road Tunnel in 1980, there was also a car shuttle train through the Gotthard Rail Tunnel between Göschenen und Airolo. Following the catastrophic fire in the road tunnel on 24 October 2001, this car shuttle train resumed operations for a few weeks.
The Great Western Railway introduced a car shuttle service in 1924 to transport cars and their passengers through the Severn Tunnel. The service survived until it was made redundant by the Severn Bridge in 1966. Motorail also operated on several British Rail routes from 1955 to 2005.