Samiksha Jaiswal

Capreolinae

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Artiodactyla
Scientific name  Capreolinae
Higher classification  Deer
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Cervidae
Lifespan  Moose: 15 – 25 years
Capreolinae Capreolinae by iiduh on DeviantArt
Subfamily  Capreolinae Brookes, 1828
Height  Reindeer: 85 – 150 cm, Moose: 1.4 – 2.1 m, White-tailed deer: 80 – 100 cm
Mass  Reindeer: 160 – 180 kg, Moose: 380 – 700 kg, Roe deer: 10 – 35 kg, White-tailed deer: 68 kg, Mule deer: 57 kg
Gestation period  Reindeer: 222 days, Moose: 243 days, Roe deer: 290 days, White-tailed deer: 201 days, Mule deer: 203 days
Lower classifications  Reindeer, Moose, Roe deer, White‑tailed deer, Capreolus

The Capreolinae, Odocoileinae, or the New World deer are a subfamily of deer. Alternatively, they are known as the telemetacarpal deer, due to their bone structure being different from the plesiometacarpal deer subfamily Cervinae. The telemetacarpal deer maintain their distal lateral metacarpals, while the plesiometacarpal deer maintain only their proximal lateral metacarpals. The Capreolinae are believed to have originated in the Late Miocene, between 7.7 and 11.5 million years ago, in central Asia.

Capreolinae Capreolinae Photo Capreolinae photos Phillip Colla Natural History

Although this subfamily is called New World deer in English, it includes reindeer, (Eurasian) elk, and roe deer, all of which live in Eurasia.

Capreolinae Grand Teton National Park photos Phillip Colla Natural History

Classification

Capreolinae Deer Photo Deer photos Phillip Colla Natural History Photography

The list is based on the studies of Randi, Mucci, Claro-Hergueta, Bonnet and Douzery (2001); Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004); Ludt, Schroeder, Rottmann and Kuehn (2004); Hernandez-Fernandez and Vrba (2005); Groves (2006); Ruiz-Garcia, M., Randi, E., Martinez-Aguero, M. and Alvarez D. (2007); Duarte, J.M.B., Gonzalez, S. and Maldonado, J.E. (2008)

  • Tribe Capreolini
  • Genus Alces
  • Eurasian elk (A. alces)
  • Moose (A. americanus, considered by some authorities to be the same species as A. alces)
  • Genus Capreolus
  • Western roe deer (C. capreolus)
  • Eastern roe deer (C. pygargus)
  • Tribe Rangiferini (reindeer and New World deer)
  • Genus Rangifer
  • Caribou/reindeer (R. tarandus)
  • Genus Hippocamelus
  • Taruca (H. antisensis)
  • South Andean deer or huemul (H. bisulcus)
  • Genus Mazama
  • Gray brocket (M. gouazoubira)
  • Northern Venezuelan brocket (M. cita, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. gouazoubira)
  • Ecuador brocket (M. murelia, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. gouazoubira)
  • Isla San Jose brocket (M. permira, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. gouazoubira)
  • Colombian brocket (M. sanctaemartae, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. gouazoubira)
  • Brazilian brocket (M. superciliaris, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. gouazoubira)
  • Peruvian brocket (M. tschudii, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. gouazoubira)
  • Rodon (M. rondoni, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. gouazoubira)
  • Amazonian brown brocket (M. nemorivaga)
  • Central American red brocket (M. temama)
  • Yucatan brown brocket (M. pandora)
  • Small red brocket or bororo (M. bororo)
  • Dwarf brocket (M. chunyi)
  • Pygmy brocket (M. nana)
  • Merida brocket (M. bricenii)
  • Little red brocket (M. rufina)
  • American red brocket (M. americana) (This species has found to be closer to Odocoileus than other brockets.)
  • Ecuador red brocket (Mazama gualea, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. americana)
  • Brazilian red brocket (M. jucunda, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. americana)
  • Trinidad red brocket (M. trinitatis, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. americana)
  • Southern red brocket (Mazama whitelyi, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. americana)
  • Peruvian red brocket (Mazama zamora, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. americana)
  • Colombian red brocket (Mazama zetta, considered by some authorities to be a subspecies of M. americana)
  • Genus Blastocerus
  • Marsh deer (B. dichotomus)
  • Genus Ozotoceros
  • Pampas deer (O. bezoarticus)
  • Genus Pudu
  • Northern pudu (P. mephistophiles)
  • Southern pudu (P. pudu)
  • Genus Odocoileus
  • White-tailed deer (O. virginianus)
  • Mule deer (O. hemionus)
  • References

    Capreolinae Wikipedia


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