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Cervinae

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Artiodactyla
Scientific name  Cervinae
Height  Elk: 1.5 m
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Cervidae
Lifespan  Elk: 10 – 13 years
Higher classification  Deer
Cervinae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Subfamily  CervinaeGoldfuss, 1820
Mass  Red deer: 200 kg, Fallow deer: 57 kg, Elk: 320 – 330 kg, Sambar deer: 180 kg
Gestation period  Red deer: 236 days, Fallow deer: 230 days, Elk: 240 – 262 days, Sambar deer: 246 days
Lower classifications  Red deer, Fallow deer, Elk, Muntiacini, Chital

The Cervinae or the Old World deer (denoting their place of origin, not their current distribution), are a subfamily of deer. Alternatively, they are known as the plesiometacarpal deer, due to their ankle structure being different from the telemetecarpal deer of the Capreolinae.

Classification and species

The list is based on the studies of Randi, Mucci, Claro-Hergueta, Bonnet and Douzery (2001); Pitraa, Fickela, Meijaard, Groves (2004); Ludt, Schroeder, Rottmann and Kuehn (2004); Hernandez-Fernandez and Vrba (2005); Groves (2006); Ruiz-Garcia, M., Randi, E., Martinez-Aguero, M. and Alvarez D. (2007); Duarte, J.M.B., Gonzalez, S. and Maldonado, J.E. (2008); Groves and Grubb (2011)

  • Tribe Muntiacini
  • Genus Elaphodus
  • Tufted deer (E. cephalophus)
  • Genus Muntiacus]
  • Bornean yellow muntjac (M. atherodes)
  • Fea's muntjac (M. feae)
  • Indian muntjac (M. muntjak)
  • Indian red muntjac (M. aureus, considered to be a subspecies of M. muntjak)
  • Southern red muntjac or Sri Lankan muntjac (M. malabaricus, considered to be a subspecies of M. muntjak)
  • Black-legged muntjac (M. nigripes, considered to be a subspecies of M. muntjak)
  • Northern red muntjac (M. vaginalis, considered to be a subspecies of M. muntjak)
  • Roosevelt's muntjac (M. rooseveltorum)
  • Sumatran muntjac (M. montanum)
  • Gongshan muntjac (M. gongshanensis)
  • Hairy-fronted muntjac (M. crinifrons)
  • Reeves's muntjac (M. reevesi)
  • Giant muntjac (M. vuquangensis)
  • Pu Hoat muntjac (M. puhoatensis)
  • Leaf muntjac (M. putaoensis)
  • Truong Son muntjac or Annamite muntjac (M. truongsonensis)
  • Tribe Cervini ("true" deer)
  • Genus Dama
  • Fallow deer (D. dama)
  • Persian fallow deer (D. mesopotamica)
  • Genus Axis
  • Chital (A. axis)
  • Genus Rucervus
  • Schomburgk's deer (R. schomburgki)
  • Western swamp deer (R. branderi, considered to be a subspecies of R. duvaucelii)
  • Barasingha (R. duvaucelii)
  • Eastern swamp deer (R. ranjitsinhi, considered to be a subspecies of R. duvaucelii)
  • Genus Panolia
  • Eld's deer (P. eldii)
  • Eastern Eld's deer]] (P. siamensis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of P. eldii)
  • Thamin (P. thamin, considered by some authorities a subspecies of P. eldii)
  • Genus Elaphurus
  • Père David's deer (E. davidianus)
  • Genus Hyelaphus
  • Indian hog deer (H. porcinus)
  • Indochinese hog deer (H. annamiticus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of H. porcinus)
  • Calamian deer (H. calamianensis)
  • Bawean deer (H. kuhlii)
  • Genus Rusa (considered by some authorities to be a junior synonym of Cervus)
  • Visayan spotted deer or Prince Alfred's deer]] (R. alfredi)
  • Philippine deer or Philippine sambar (R. mariannus)
  • Mindoro deer (R. barandanus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of R. mariannus)
  • Mindanao mountain deer (R. nigellus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of R. mariannus)
  • Javan rusa deer (R. timorensis)
  • Southeast Asian sambar (R. equinus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of R. unicolor)
  • Indian sambar (R. unicolor)
  • Genus Cervus
  • Alashan wapiti (C. alashanicus; considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)
  • Thorold's deer (C. albirostris)
  • West European red deer (C. elaphus)
  • East European red deer (C. pannoniensis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
  • Caspian red deer or Maral deer (C. maral, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
  • Corsican red deer (C. corsicanus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
  • Yarkand deer (C. yarkandensis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
  • Bactrian deer (C. bactrianus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus)
  • Sichuan deer or Sichuan wapiti (Cervus macneilli, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)
  • Sika deer (C. nippon)
  • Vietnamese deer (C. pseudaxis, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. nippon)
  • Tsushima Island deer (C. pulchellus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. nippon)
  • Formosan deer (C. taiouanus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. nippon)
  • Elk or American wapiti (C. canadensis)
  • Kashmir stag or Kashmir wapiti (C. hanglu, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. elaphus or C. canadensis)
  • Manchurian wapiti (C. xanthopygus, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)
  • Tibetan red deer or Tibetan wapiti (C. wallichi, considered by some authorities a subspecies of C. canadensis)
  • References

    Cervinae Wikipedia


    Similar TopicsChital
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    Fallow deer