Campbell County was created on February 21, 1911 with land detached from Crook County and Weston County.
Campbell County was named either for John Allen Campbell, a governor of the Wyoming Territory or for Robert Campbell, an early trapper, who was a fur trader associated with William Henry Ashley.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,807 square miles (12,450 km2), of which 4,803 square miles (12,440 km2) is land and 4.0 square miles (10 km2) (9.6%) is water.Sheridan County, Wyoming - west
Johnson County, Wyoming - west
Converse County, Wyoming - south
Weston County, Wyoming - east
Crook County, Wyoming - east
Powder River County, Montana - north
Thunder Basin National Grassland (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,698 people, 12,207 households, and 9,008 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 13,288 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.06% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.93% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 3.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 30.3% were of German, 11.4% English, 11.0% Irish, 8.5% American and 6.2% Norwegian ancestry.
There were 12,207 households out of which 43.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.80% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. Of 12,207 households, 785 were unmarried partner households: 675 heterosexual, 52 same-sex male, and 58 same-sex female.
20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the county, the population was spread out with 31.00% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $76,576, and the median income for a family was $53,927. Males had a median income of $41,814 versus $21,914 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,063. About 5.60% of families and 7.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.70% of those under age 18 and 12.40% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 46,133 people, 17,172 households, and 11,933 families residing in the county. The population density was 9.6 inhabitants per square mile (3.7/km2). There were 18,955 housing units at an average density of 3.9 per square mile (1.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 1.2% American Indian, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 2.7% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 7.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 32.2% were German, 15.9% were Irish, 10.8% were English, 5.5% were American, and 5.1% were Norwegian.
Of the 17,172 households, 39.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, and 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 31.9 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $76,576 and the median income for a family was $83,965. Males had a median income of $61,393 versus $31,769 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,968. About 5.9% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.5% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.Gillette (county seat)