Neha Patil (Editor)

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Scientific name  Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Higher classification  Caesalpinia
Order  Fabales
Genus  Caesalpinia
Rank  Species
Caesalpinia pulcherrima httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommons66
Similar  Caesalpinia, Royal poinciana, Legumes, Caesalpinia gilliesii, Delonix

Pride of barbados caesalpinia pulcherrima lisa s landscape design plant pick of the day


Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a species of flowering plant in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to the tropics and subtropics of the Americas. It could be native to the West Indies, but its exact origin is unknown due to widespread cultivation. Common names for this species include poinciana, peacock flower, red bird of paradise, Mexican bird of paradise, dwarf poinciana, pride of Barbados, and flamboyant-de-jardin. The Hawaiian name for this plant is ʻOhai Aliʻi.

Contents

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima flowersJPG

Caesalpinia pulcherrima fabaceae poinciana peacock flower red bird of paradise


Description

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Red Bird Of Paradise Caesalpinia pulcherrima Arizona Wild Flowers

It is a shrub growing to 3 m tall. In climates with little to no frosts, this plant will grow larger and is semi-evergreen. Grown in climates with light to moderate freezing, plant will die back to the ground depending on cold, but will re-bound in mid to late spring. This species is more sensitive to cold than others. The leaves are bipinnate, 20–40 cm long, bearing 3–10 pairs of pinnae, each with 6–10 pairs of leaflets 15–25 mm long and 10–15 mm broad. The flowers are borne in racemes up to 20 cm long, each flower with five yellow, orange or red petals. The fruit is a pod 6–12 cm long.

Symbolism

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima TY Nursery

The Caesalpina pulcherrima is the national flower of the Caribbean island of Barbados, and is depicted on the Queen's personal Barbadian flag.

Food

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Flora Fauna Web Plant Detail Caesalpinia pulcherrima L Sw

All seeds of Caesalpinia are poisonous. However the seeds of some species are edible before they reach maturity (e.g. immature seeds of C. pulcherrima) or after treatment (e.g. C. bonduc after roasting).

Medicinal

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Wikipedia

Maroon medicine men in Suriname have long known some of the medicinal uses for Caesalpinia pulcherrima, which is known as ayoowiri. Four grams from the root is also said to induce abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Ornamental

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia pulcherrima Germinate the seeds from the bean pods

C. pulcherrima is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Caesalpinia. It is a striking ornamental plant, widely grown in domestic and public gardens in warm climates with mild winters, and has a beautiful inflorescence in yellow, red and orange. Its small size and the fact that it tolerates pruning well allows it to be planted in groups to form a hedgerow; it can be also used to attract hummingbirds.

Names

Common names for this species in other languages include

References

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Wikipedia


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