Supriya Ghosh (Editor)


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Scientific name


Higher classification

Caesalpinia Caesalpinia pulcherrima Wikipedia

Lower classifications
Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Caesalpinia sappan, Paubrasilia, Caesalpinia gilliesii, Caesalpinia spinosa

Pride of barbados caesalpinia pulcherrima lisa s landscape design plant pick of the day

Caesalpinia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. Membership within the genus is controversial, with different publications including anywhere from 70 to 165 species, depending largely on the inclusion or exclusion of species alternately listed under genera such as Hoffmannseggia. It contains tropical or subtropical woody plants including lianas. The generic name honors the botanist, physician and philosopher Andrea Cesalpino (1519-1603).


Caesalpinia Caesalpinia pulcherrima Peacock Flower Barbados Pride Dwarf

The name Caesalpinaceae at family level, or Caesalpinioideae at the level of subfamily, is based on this generic name.

Caesalpinia Australian Seed CAESALPINIA pulcherrima

A number of Caesalpinia liana species, including C. mimosoides and C. sumatrana are called "cat's claws": recognisable by raised spines on the stems (illustrated) and found in tropical forests of south-east Asia.

Caesalpinia Flora Fauna Web Plant Detail Caesalpinia pulcherrima L Sw

Caesalpinia pulcherrima fabaceae poinciana peacock flower red bird of paradise

Selected species

Caesalpinia Caesalpinia pulcherrima Peacock Flower Barbados Pride Dwarf

  • Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. – Grey Nicker (Pantropical)
  • Caesalpinia brachycarpa (Gray) Fisher – Broadpad nicker
  • Caesalpinia calycina Benth.
  • Caesalpinia cassioides Willd.
  • Caesalpinia caudata (Gray) Fisher – Tailed nicker
  • Caesalpinia ciliata Bergius ex. [Wikstr.]] – Broadpad nicker
  • Caesalpinia conzattii (Rose) Standl.
  • Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd. – Divi-divi (Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, northern South America)
  • Caesalpinia crista (L.) – Gray nicker
  • Caesalpinia culebrae (Britt & Wilson) – Smooth yellow nicker
  • Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston – Mysore thorn (India)
  • Caesalpinia digyna Rottler
  • Caesalpinia echinata Lam. – Brazilwood (Brazil)
  • Caesalpinia enneaphylla Roxb.
  • Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul. – Brazilian ironwood, leopard tree
  • Caesalpinia gilliesii (Wallich ex Hook.) D.Dietr. – Bird of paradise
  • Caesalpinia hildebrandtii (Vatke) Baill.
  • Caesalpinia kavaiensis H.MannUhiuhi (Hawaii)
  • Caesalpinia lutea – Yellow Peacock
  • Caesalpinia major (Medik.) Dandy & Exell – Yellow nicker (Pantropical)
  • Caesalpinia merxmeullerana A.Schreib. (Namibia)
  • Caesalpinia mexicana A.Gray – Mexican holdback (southernmost Texas, Mexico)
  • Caesalpinia mimosoides Lam.
  • Caesalpinia minax Hance
  • Caesalpinia monensis (Britt) – Black nicker
  • Caesalpinia nhatrangense J.E.Vidal (Vietnam)
  • Caesalpinia pannosa Brandegee
  • Caesalpinia paraguariensis (D.Parodi) Burkart – Ibirá-berá, guayacaú negro, Argentinian brown ebony (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay)
  • Caesalpinia parryi (Fisher) – Parry's holdback
  • Caesalpinia pauciflora (Griseb.) – Fewflower holdback
  • Caesalpinia peninsularis (Britt) – Peninsular holdback
  • Caesalpinia phyllanthoides (Standl.) – Wait-a-bit vine
  • Caesalpinia platyloba S.Watson
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa DC. – False brazilwood
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa var. cabraliana G.P.Lewis
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa var. intermedia G.P.Lewis
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa var. paraensis (Ducke) G.P.Lewis
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa var. peltophoroides (Benth.) G.P.Lewis
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa var. pluviosa
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa var. sanfranciscana G.P.Lewis
  • Caesalpinia portoricensis (Britt & Wilson) – Brown nicker
  • Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. – Pride of Barbados
  • Caesalpinia punctata Willd. – Quebrahacha, Kibrahacha in Aruba
  • Caesalpinia reticulata
  • Caesalpinia sappan L. – Sappanwood (Southeast Asia, Malay Archipelago)
  • Caesalpinia spinosa (Molina) Kuntze – Tara (Peru)
  • Caesalpinia sumatrana Roxb. (Malesia, Indochina)
  • Caesalpinia vesicaria L.
  • Caesalpinia violacea (Mill.) Standl.
  • Uses

    Caesalpinia Caesalpinia gilliesii flowersjpg

    Some species are grown for their ornamental flowers. Brazilwood (C. echinata) is the source of a historically important dye called brazilin and of the wood for violin bows. Guayacaú Negro (C. paraguariensis) is used for timber in several Latin American countries, especially Argentina and Paraguay. Commercially it is marketed as Argentinian Brown Ebony, mistakenly as Brazilian Ebony, and as a family group as Partridgewood. End use for this timber is typically high-end exotic hardwood flooring, cabinetry and turnings.

    Caesalpinia pluviosa is being investigated as a possible antimalarial medication.

    Caesalpinia httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu


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