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Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture

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People's Republic of China

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Points of interest
People's Park Recreational Ground

Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 博尔塔拉蒙古自治州, Xiao'erjing: بْعَرتَالا مْعقُ ذِجِجِوْ; Uyghur: بۆرتالا موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى‎, Börtala Mongghul Aptonom Oblasti), abbreviated to Bortala (Chinese: 博州; pinyin: Bózhōu), is a Mongol autonomous prefecture in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the China. It has an area of 27,000 km2 (10,000 sq mi). Bole is its capital. "Boro tala" comes from the Mongolian language, and means "brown steppe".


Map of Bortala, Xinjiang, China


Bortala is located in the southwestern part of the Dzungarian Basin. It occupies a V-shaped basin between the Dzungarian Alatau in the northwest and the Borohoro Mountains in the southwest.

The prefecture borders Kazakhstan to the north and west, and has an international border of 385 km (239 mi). To the east it borders Wusu City and Toli County of Tacheng Prefecture; to the south it borders Nilka County, Yining County, and Huocheng County of Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture.

The prefecture has two large lakes, Ebi-Nur and Sayram Lake.

Administrative divisions

Bortala is divided into two county-level cities, Bole and Alashankou; and two counties: Jinghe County and Wenquan County. In addition, it is home to the Fifth Agricultural Division of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps and its 11 regiment-level farms / ranches.


The Tang dynasty created the Shuanghe Protectorate in this area. During the Yuan and Ming dynasties the area was the territory of the Oirats. , Chahar Mongols were moved here during the Qing dynasty from Kalgan, while Torghuud Oirats moved eastwards from the Volga.

The China established the autonomous prefecture on July 13, 1954.


There are 35 nationalities in Bortala. According to the 2010 census, 65% of the 443,680 inhabitants are Han Chinese, while the remainder are Mongol, Uyghur, Kazakh, Hui, or of other nationalities.

Population by ethnicity – 2010 census


In 2004 the prefecture had a total gross domestic product of 3.69 billion Renminbi (including the XPCC 5th division), an increase of 11.9% over the previous year. Annual total imports and exports totalled US$ 554 million, an increase of 96.8% over the previous year. Average annual salary was 11000 Renminbi, an increase of 7.6%; average annual pure income per capita for agricultural workers was 3904 Renminbi, an increase of 10.8%.


Alashankou is a port of entry with both railroads and roads linking China with Kazakhstan; it is also one of China's national first-class port of entry (国家一类口岸). The volume of imports / exports passing through Alashankou accounts for 90% of the total for all of Xinjiang, and has been second to only Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia among land ports-of-entry in China for 8 days.


Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Wikipedia