Harman Patil (Editor)

Bobgunnia madagascariensis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Fabaceae
Tribe  Swartzieae
Rank  Species
Order  Fabales
Subfamily  Faboideae
Genus  Bobgunnia
Bobgunnia madagascariensis wwwwestafricanplantssenckenbergdeimagespictur
Scientific name  Bobgunnia madagascariensis
Similar  Swartzia, Swartzieae, Afzelia quanzensis, Burkea africana, Securidaca longipedunculata

Bobgunnia madagascariensis (Bambara: Samagara), also called the snake bean plant, is a species of legume in the Fabaceae family.

Contents

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Flora of Zimbabwe Species information individual images Bobgunnia

Description

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Flora of Zimbabwe Species information individual images Bobgunnia

Bobgunnia madagascariensis is a small deciduous tree, 3-4 m tall. The plant has large pods that turn dark when ripe.

Ecology

The larvae of Abantis zambesiaca feed on B. madagascariensis.

Toxicity

Bobgunnia madagascarensis is toxic.

Applications

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Central African Plants A Photo Guide Bobgunnia madagascariensis

Poison composed of the roasted seeds of Bobgunnia madagascariensis and innards of the beetle Diamphidia nigroornata is applied to the arrows of the Bushmen. Seeds, fruits and stem bark are also used in fishing by poisoning in Africa.

Chemistry

The methanolic extract of the fruit of B. madagascariensis contains a saponin tetraglycoside.

The root bark of B. madagascariensis contains quinone methide diterpenes.

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Central African Plants A Photo Guide Bobgunnia madagascariensis

The seed pod contains two acidic saponins, swartziasaponin A and B and swartziagenin, a mixture of oleanolic and 0-acetyloleanolic acid. The pod methanolic extract yields highly glycosylated flavonoids (glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin).

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Bobgunnia madagascariensis Desv JHKirkbr amp Wiersema A copper

The crude chloroform and methanol extracts of the stem bark of the plant show strong feeding deterrent activity against stored-product insect pest of maize Tribolium castaneum with the two compounds, methyl paraben and lupeol, being identified in these extracts.

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Bobgunnia madagascariensis Desv JHKirkbr amp Wiersema A copper

Other compounds in S. madagascariensis are (−)-maackiain, (−)-medicarpin, gypsogenin 3-O-rhamnosylglucuronide, (−)-homopterocarpin, pterocarpin, 4-methoxymedicarpin, 4-methoxymaackiain, 4-methoxyhomopterocarpin, 4-methoxypterocarpin, anhydrovariabilin and coumestrol dimethyl ether.

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Bobgunnia madagascariensis Desv JHKirkbr amp Wiersema A copper

References

Bobgunnia madagascariensis Wikipedia


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