The city was founded by Mughal Emperor Alamgir II, who was the Sultan of Delhi from 1754 to 1759. He gave the town in jagir to Bahadur Khan and Tej Khan, Baloch rulers of Farrukhnagar in 1754, who changed its name from Sharafabad to Bahadurgarh. They also constructed a fort named Bahadurgarh Fort.
Bahadurgarh came into the hands of Sindhia in 1793. After Sindia's defeat in 1803 at the hands of the British, Lord Lake transferred control of the town's government to the brother of the Nawab of Jhajjar.
During 1995-1998, a series of rapes and murders of young girls by the Bahadurgarh baby killer led to several dharnas and bandhs by the local population. The police prosecuted three men as the "baby killer", before the real culprit was caught in November 1998.
Bahadurgarh is located in the Jhajjar district in the Indian state of Haryana and is situated in the eastern part of the state, and northern part of the country. The city is located on the border with New Delhi (commonly known as Tikri Border). The city has a total area of 50 sq. km. It is located between 76º-55’-25” East longitude and 28º-43’-50” North latitude. The town of Bahadurgarh is very well linked with New Delhi and other important towns such as Rohtak, Sonipat, Najafgarh and Nangloi by Roads and Railways.
The climate of Bahadurgarh is considered to be a local steppe climate. In here, there is little rainfall throughout the year. This climate is considered to be BSh according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. The average temperature in the city is 25.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is approximately 510 mm. The city experiences all four seasons along with the monsoon season setting in towards the later half of the summer. Summers are usually long and hot extending from early April to October which includes the monsoon season. Whereas winters starts in November and extends till late February. The winters are usually cold and foggy with few sunny days.
According to the 2011 census, the population of Bahadurgarh is 170,426: 91,736 men and 78,690 women. There are 20,374 total children (0-6) --11,420 boys and 8,954 girls. The child gender ratio is 784 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate in Bahadurgarh is 88.04%; the male and female literacy rates were 94.27 and 80.87 percent.
Bahadurgarh is considered a Knowledge Hub due to presence of a number of Govt. & Private College & Institutions including PDM University, Bls Institute of Technology and Management Haryana Institute of Technology (HIT), DTC (Delhi Tech. Campus), AKIDO College of Engineering, MERI Engeenering college, Ganga Technical Campus, Sat Kabir Institute of Technology, Vaish Kanya Mahavidyalay, Govt. PG College for Boys and Govt. PG College for Girls. There are approx. 100 schools in the city, affiliated to CBSE & State Board.
Bahadurgarh is well connected with other parts of the country through Roadways, Railways ( Including National Railways as well as Delhi Metro).
The major highway that passes through the city is National Highway 9. The highway links Bahadurgarh to Delhi, Gurgaon, Rohtak and various other cities of Haryana. Multiple modes of public transport are available such as taxis, buses, cycle rickshaws and auto rickshaws.
There are plans to connect Delhi Metro to Bahadurgarh by december 2017. The project will have a route length of 11.182 km and a cost of Rs. 1991 crore. Haryana would contribute Rs. 787.96 crore.
There are seven stations planned - Mundka industrial area, Ghewra, Tikri Kalan, Tikri border (all in Delhi), Modern industrial estate, bus stand and city park Bahadurgarh (in Haryana) from Mundka to Bahadurgarh. The travel time from Bahadurgarh (city park) to Mundka would be 20 minutes while it would take 45 minutes up to Inderlok and about 50 minutes up to Kirti nagar in Delhi.
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) began preparation work on Bahadurgarh Metro Rail Project in May 2013 and aim to have contractors start in August 2013.
Length 11.182 km (Elevated). Total stations 7 (Elevated). Progress of civil works up to April-2017 is 87.31 percent. The line is targeted for completion in December 2017.
As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Bahadurgarh in 2011 is 170,426; of which male and female are 91,736 and 78,690 respectively. In education section, total literates in Bahadurgarh city are 132,108 of which 75,714 are males while 56,394 are females. Average literacy rate of Bahadurgarh city is 88.04 percent of which male and female literacy was 94.27 and 80.87 percent. The sex ratio of Bahadurgarh city is 858 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 784 per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6) in Bahadurgarh city are 20,374 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 11,420 boys while 8,954 are girls. The child forms 11.95% of total population of Bahadurgarh City.