Neha Patil

Australian king parrot

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Kingdom  Animalia
Superfamily  Psittacoidea
Subfamily  Psittaculinae
Scientific name  Alisterus scapularis
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Psittaciformes
Family  Psittaculidae
Tribe  Polytelini
Higher classification  King parrot
Rank  Species
Australian king parrot Australian KingParrot Alisterus scapularis
Similar  King parrot, Parrot, Bird, Crimson rosella, Red‑winged parrot

Attractive australian king parrot


The Australian king parrot (Alisterus scapularis) is endemic to eastern Australia ranging from Cooktown in Queensland through to Port Campbell in Victoria. Found in humid and heavily forested upland regions of the eastern portion of the continent, including eucalyptus wooded areas in and directly adjacent to subtropical and temperate rainforest. They feed on fruits and seeds gathered from trees or on the ground.

Contents

Australian king parrot Australian KingParrot BIRDS in BACKYARDS

Australian king parrot


Taxonomy

Australian king parrot wwwbirdlifeorgauimagessizedimagesuploadsbi

The Australian king parrot was first described by the German naturalist Martin Lichtenstein in 1818. The species belongs to the genus Alisterus, whose three members are known as king parrots. The genus is sometimes sunk into the genus Aprosmictus.[citation needed]

Two subspecies are recognised, which are differentiated by size:

  • A. scapularis (Lichtenstein, 1816)
  • A. s. minor (Mathews, 1911)
  • A. s. scapularis (Lichtenstein, 1816)
  • Description

    Australian king parrot Australian KingParrot BIRDS in BACKYARDS

    Adults of both sexes are about 43 cm (17 in) in length, including the long, broad tail. The adult male has a red head, breast, and lower undersides, with a blue band on the back of the neck between the red above and green on the back, the wings are green and each has a pale green shoulder band, the tail is green, and the rump is blue. The male has a reddish-orange upper mandible with a black tip, a black lower mandible with an orange base, and yellow irises. The plumage of the female is very different from the male having a green head and breast, a grey beak, and the pale shoulder band is small or absent. Juveniles of both sexes have brown irises and a yellowish beak, and otherwise resemble the female.

    Australian king parrot Australian KingParrot BirdLife Australia

    The two subspecies are A. s. minor, found at the northern limit of the species range and is similar in appearance to the nominate subspecies but smaller, typically about 5 cm (2 in) smaller in length.

    Australian king parrot Australian KingParrot Alisterus scapularis

    On those rare individuals which have areas without melanin, feathers are orange to yellow. Such a bird can look startingly different from the more common scarlet and green variety.

    Australian king parrot FileAustralian King Parrot malejpg Wikimedia Commons

    Other variations include the Aprosmictus erythropterus or red-winged parrot, which has a bright green head, red wings, and a black back.

    Distribution and habitat

    Australian king parrots range from north and central Queensland to southern Victoria. They are frequently seen in small groups with various species of rosella. Further from their normal eastern upland habitat, they are also found in Canberra during winter, the outer western suburbs and north shore of Sydney, and the Carnarvon Gorge in central Queensland.

    Aviculture

    In their native Australia, king parrots are occasionally bred in aviaries and kept as calm and relatively quiet household pets if hand-raised. They are relatively unknown outside Australia. As pets, they have limited "talking" ability and normally prefer not to be handled, but they do bond readily to people and can be very devoted. Life expectancy in the wild is unknown, but some pets have been known to live up to 25 years.

    References

    Australian king parrot Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Bird
    Crimson rosella
    King parrot
    Topics