Aumont-Aubrac is located some 12 km south of Saint-Chély-d'Apcher and some 35 km north by north-west of Mende. Access to the commune is by the A75 autoroute which passes through the length of the commune from north to south with Exit 35 north of the town and Exit 36 south of the town. Access to the town is by road D809 from Saint-Chély-d'Apcher in the north, inersecting Exit 35 on the A75 and continuing south to the village then onwards parallel to the A75. The D987 goes west from the village to Malbouzon. The D50 goes south-east from the village to Javols. The D7 goes north-east from the village to Fontans. There is a railway line running north to south with a railway station in the town. Apart from the town there are the villages of Nozieres in the north-west, and La Croix, Le Crouzet, La Chouzet, and La Chazotte south of the town. The commune is mostly farmland with some scattered forests and an urban area around the town and at La Croix.
The Ruisseau des Rivières rises in the south of the commune and flows north gathering many tributaries to join the Rimeize just north of the commune. The Ruisseau de la Gazelle rises in the east of the commune and flows east to join the Truyère. The Ruisseau du Moulin rises in the west of the commune and flows south then east along part of the southern border to join the Triboulin south of Longuesagne. The Ruisseau du Bouchet rises in the south of the commune and flows south parallel to the railway line to join the Ruisseau du Moulin on the southern border.
The commune has had the official French label of "Village Étape" since 2002 which means it meets certain criteria regarding accommodation restaurants, and other facilities for tourists.
The village name in Occitan is Autmont (pronounced [awmu] or [zawmu] with the second form only used by Occitan speakers in the surrounding communes. The use of a prosthetic "z" before "a" or "u" is typical of the Auvergnat dialect of the region. The commune is at the southern limit of Auvergne.
The name Aumont-Aubrac is derived from the Latin altum montem meaning "high mountain".
Aumont-Aubrac was at the crossroads of ancient routes between Auvergne and Lyon - Toulouse.
Aumont was a station on the Way of Agrippa which connected Javols to Puech Cremat.
In Roman times Aumont was part of the barony of Peyre, one of the eight baronies of Gévaudan.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 1,111 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.Population Change (See database)
Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
The town was once fortified and has houses dating to the 16th and 17th centuries with stone facades and ground floors opening into vaulted arches. Over a window niche in one house there is a carved stone, possibly from the priory, which has a design of either a swastika or a JHS (Jesus Hominum Salvator "Jesus, Saviour of Men") Christogram.
From the Fountain in the Rue de l'Eglise there is a walk along the Rue du Barri-haut (barri is an Occitan word referring to a suburb) to the Place de la Croix (formerly a mission in the 19th century), the Chemin Royal, and the Place du Cloitre.
There is also a statue of the Beast of Gévaudan.
There are several items that are registered as historical objects:Wood panelling in the Maison Reversat (17th century)
The War memorial (1919)
Saint-Étienne church was a former Benedictine priory dating back to 1061, attested in 1123 as being in the heart of the barony of Peyre. Much altered in the 12th and 13th centuries, it has retained its Romanesque choir and several Gothic side chapels. The Chevet is in a cul-de-four design with broken ribs in the arch. Inside there are carved capitals of columns resting on the light recesses. Other lighting recesses have human figures at the bottom of the chapel ribs and those of the nave. The furniture and stained glass are modern.
The Saint-Etienne parish church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:A Painting: Virgin in a Chair (18th century)
A Chasuble, a Deacon's Stole, a Chalice cover, a corporal purse, and a Maniple (19th century)
A Cope (19th century)
A Reliquary (17th century)
A Collection Plate (18th century)
A Reliquary (17th century)
8 Palls (17th century)
A Chasuble, a Maniple, and a Stole (19th century)
A Chasuble, a Stole, a Maniple, and a Chalice cover (18th century)
A Chasuble, a Stole, a Maniple, and a corporal purse (19th century)
A Chalice with Paten (19th century)
Above the Place du Foirail is the monument of the Sacred Heart which is a statue of Jesus, known as the statue of "Christ the King", several metres high dominating the village on a hill named Truc del Fabre. The statue was the work of a sculptor called Marcel Courbier and was erected in 1946 by the village priest. It commemorates the fact that the Second World War had not resulted in any casualties in the village. Every year in summer there is a mass at the foot of the statue.
There are many religious items registered as historical objects in the commune:A Cross in the Presbytery (17th-18th centuries)
A Mysterious Stone in the Saint-Privat Church
Émile Osty (1887-1981), canon, author of a famous translation of the Bible. He came to spend his holidays at Aumont every year and it was where he wanted to be buried.
Jean Lartéguy, born in 1920, writer and journalist.
Didier Barbelivien, born in 1954, songwriter.
Aumont-Aubrac is located on the Via Podiensis, on the Way of St. James, an essential stage for crossing the Aubrac mountains.
The Way comes from Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole and the next commune is Malbouzon.