Samiksha Jaiswal (Editor)

Aracari

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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Pteroglossus
Phylum  Chordata
Order  Piciformes
Family  Ramphastidae
Higher classification  Toucan
Rank  genus
Aracari wwwfactzoocomsitesallimgbirdstoucanfieryb
Lower classifications  Collared aracari, Curl‑crested aracari, Chestnut‑eared aracari, green aracari, saffron toucanet
Similar  Collared aracari, Chestnut eared aracari, Green aracari

An aracari or araçari ( /ˌɑːrəˈsɑːri/ AHR-ə-SAHR-ee, /ˌɑːrəˈsɑːri/ ARR-ə-SAHR-ee or /ˌɑːrəˈkɑːri/ ARR-ə-KAHR-ee) is any of the medium-sized toucans that, together with the saffron toucanet, make up the genus Pteroglossus.

Contents

Aracari Aracari Pixdaus

They are brightly plumaged and have enormous, contrastingly patterned bills. These birds are residents in forests and woodlands in the Neotropics.

Aracari Aracari Lee39s Birdwatching Adventures Plus

Two green aracari toucanetes beautful friendly birds


Taxonomy and systematics

One species, the distinctive saffron toucanet, was formerly placed in the monotypic genus Baillonius, but Kimura et al. (2004) showed that it belongs in the genus Pteroglossus.

Extant species

The genus Pteroglossus has fourteen species considered to belong to the genus:

  • Green aracari (Pteroglossus viridis)
  • Lettered aracari (Pteroglossus inscriptus)
  • Red-necked aracari (Pteroglossus bitorquatus)
  • Ivory-billed aracari (Pteroglossus azara)
  • Brown-mandibled aracari (Pteroglossus mariae)
  • Black-necked aracari (Pteroglossus aracari)
  • Chestnut-eared aracari (Pteroglossus castanotis)
  • Many-banded aracari (Pteroglossus pluricinctus)
  • Collared aracari (Pteroglossus torquatus)
  • Stripe-billed aracari (Pteroglossus sanguineus)
  • Pale-mandibled aracari (Pteroglossus erythropygius)
  • Fiery-billed aracari (Pteroglossus frantzii)
  • Curl-crested aracari (Pteroglossus beauharnaesii)
  • Saffron toucanet (Pteroglossus bailloni)
  • Former species

    Some authorities, either presently or formerly, recognize additional species or subspecies as species belonging to the genus Pteroglossus including:

  • Wagler's toucanet (as Pteroglossus wagleri)
  • Emerald toucanet (as Pteroglossus prasinus)
  • White-throated toucanet (as Pteroglossus albivitta)
  • Black-throated toucanet (as Pteroglossus atrogularis)
  • Groove-billed toucanet (as Pteroglossus sulcatus)
  • Crimson-rumped toucanet (as Pteroglossus haematopygus)
  • Guianan toucanet (as Pteroglossus Culik)
  • Golden-collared toucanet (as Pteroglossus Reinwardtii)
  • Langsdorff's toucanet (as Pteroglossus Langsdorffii)
  • Tawny-tufted toucanet (as Pteroglossus Nattereri)
  • Gould's toucanet (as Pteroglossus Gouldii)
  • Spot-billed toucanet (as Pteroglossus maculirostris)
  • Grey-breasted mountain toucan (as Pteroglossus hypoglaucus)
  • Hooded mountain toucan (as Pteroglossus cucullatus)
  • Black-billed mountain toucan (as Pteroglossus nigrirostris)
  • Behaviour and ecology

    Some species of aracaris are unusual for toucans in that they roost socially throughout the year, up to six adults and fledged young sleeping in the same hole with tails folded over their backs.

    Breeding

    They are arboreal and nest in tree holes laying 2–4 white eggs.

    Food and feeding

    All the species are basically fruit-eating, but will take insects and other small prey.

    Threats

    The ischnoceran louse Austrophilopterus flavirostris is suspected to parasitize most if not all species of aracaris, with the possible exception of the green aracari (Price & Weckstein 2005).

    References

    Aracari Wikipedia


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