Neha Patil (Editor)

Aphanamixis polystachya

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Meliaceae
Scientific name  Aphanamixis polystachya
Rank  Species
Order  Sapindales
Genus  Aphanamixis
Higher classification  Aphanamixis
Aphanamixis polystachya Amoora rohituka syn Aphanamixis polystachya fruits Meliac Flickr

Similar  Aphanamixis, Meliaceae, Dysoxylum, Aglaia, Chisocheton

Aphanamixis polystachya

The Pithraj tree, (Aphanamixis polystachya), is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. It is native to India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. It is a widely used as a medicinal plant in Ayurveda.


Aphanamixis polystachya Aphanamixis polystachya Indianature ss2 Flickr


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Bengali name of this tree is royna (রয়না). Another name of this tree is pithraj (পিথরাজ). Oil is not edible and can be used as biodiesel and lighting. The very fine wood is used for construction and ship-making. The tree is 20m tall. Leaves are compound, imparipinnate, alternate; oblong-lanceolate, apex acuminate; base asymmetric; with entire margin. Flowers are polygamours and show panicles inflorescence. Fruit is a single seeded pale-reddish subglobose capsule.

Common Names

Aphanamixis polystachya Aphanamixis polystachya Pithraj Tree

  • English - Rohituka tree
  • Hindi - Harin-hara (हरिनहर्रा), Harinkhana
  • Manipuri - হৈৰাঙখোঈ Heirangkhoi
  • Marathi - Raktharohida (रक्तरोहिडा')
  • Tamil - malampuluvan, sem, semmaram
  • Malayalam - Chemmaram, sem
  • Manipuri - Heirangkhoi (হৈৰাঙখোঈ)
  • Telugu - Chevamanu, Rohitaka
  • Kannada - mukhyamuttage, mullumuttaga, mulluhitthalu, roheethaka
  • Bengali - Tiktaraj
  • Kuki - Sahala
  • Khasi - Dieng rata
  • Rongmei - Agan
  • Assamese - hakhori bakhori
  • Sanskrit - anavallabha, ksharayogya, lakshmi, lakshmivana, lohita
  • Sinhala - Higul
  • Chemistry

    Aphanamixis polystachya httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

    Fruit shell contains triterpenes, aphanamixin. Bark contains tetranortriterpene, and aphanamixinin. Leaves contain diterpene, alcohol, aphanamixol and ß-sitosterol. Seeds yield a limonoid, rohitukin, polystachin and others, an alkaloid, a glycoside and a saponin. A chromone and three flavonoid glycosides have been reported from the roots.

    Aphanamixis polystachya Aphanamixis polystachya

    Aphanamixis polystachya Aphanamixis polystachya


    Aphanamixis polystachya Wikipedia