Rahul Sharma (Editor)


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Kingdom  Plantae
Clade  Eudicots
Clade  Malvids
Higher classification  Magnoliopsida
Clade  Angiosperms
Clade  Rosids
Scientific name  Sapindales
Rank  Order
Sapindales FileSapindales Rhus typhina 3jpg Wikimedia Commons

Lower classifications  Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Anacardiaceae, Citrus, Maple

Sapindales /sæpnˈdlz/ is an order of flowering plants. Well-known members of Sapindales include citrus; maples, horse-chestnuts, lychees and rambutans; mangos and cashews; frankincense and myrrh; mahogany and neem.

Sapindales FileSapindales Citrus sp kew 2jpg Wikimedia Commons

The APG III system of 2009 includes it in the clade malvids (in rosids, in eudicots) with the following nine families:

Sapindales Sapindales

  • Anacardiaceae
  • Biebersteiniaceae
  • Burseraceae
  • Kirkiaceae
  • Meliaceae
  • Nitrariaceae (including Peganaceae and Tetradiclidaceae)
  • Rutaceae
  • Sapindaceae
  • Simaroubaceae
  • The APG II system of 2003 allowed the optional segregation of families now included in the Nitrariaceae.

    In the classification system of Dahlgren the Rutaceae were placed in the order Rutales, in the superorder Rutiflorae (also called Rutanae). The Cronquist system of 1981 used a somewhat different circumscription, including the following families:

    Sapindales FileSapindales Aesculus hippocastanum 2jpg Wikimedia Commons

  • Staphyleaceae
  • Melianthaceae
  • Bretschneideraceae
  • Akaniaceae
  • Sapindaceae
  • Hippocastanaceae
  • Aceraceae
  • Burseraceae
  • Anacardiaceae
  • Julianiaceae
  • Simaroubaceae
  • Cneoraceae
  • Meliaceae
  • Rutaceae
  • Zygophyllaceae
  • The difference from the APG III system is not as large as may appear, as the plants in the families Aceraceae and Hippocastanaceae stay in this order at APG III (both included in family Sapindaceae). The species now composing the family Nitrariaceae in APG III also belonged to this order in the Cronquist system as part of the family Zygophyllaceae, while those now in the family Kirkiaceae were present as part of the family Simaroubaceae.

    Sapindales tolweborgtreeToLimagesDictamnusdasycarpusjpg


    Sapindales Sapindales Wikipedia


    Sapindales Wikipedia