Samiksha Jaiswal

Anderson Bridge massacre

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Target  Bengali Hindus
Weapons  Swords, Machetes
Attack type  mass murder, massacre
Anderson Bridge massacre
Location  Anderson Bridge, East Bengal, Dominion of Pakistan
Date  12 February 1950 (UTC+6:00)
Perpetrators  alleged to be East Bengal authorities

Anderson Bridge massacre (Bengali: এন্ডারসন ব্রীজ হত্যাকান্ড) refers to the massacre of Hindu passengers on the Anderson Bridge on 12 February 1950.

Contents

Background

Anderson Bridge also known as the Bhairab Bridge is a 1 km long railway bridge over the Meghna River, connecting Bhairab Bazar Junction in Kishoreganj District with Ashuganj in Brahmanbaria District. The bridge carries a single metre-gauge rail track. In 1950, it was an important rail link connecting Dhaka and Mymensingh districts on the west with Sylhet, Comilla and Chittagong districts in the east.

Events

On 12 February, most of the Hindu passengers travelling on this train route were murdered. All the cases followed a pattern. The assailants would board the trains from either side either at Bhairab Bazar Junction or Ashuganj, just before the train departed. They would lock the doors of the compartment from inside. When the train was completely on the bridge, the train would stop. The assailants would pick out the Hindus one by one, force them out of the compartment, slit their throats and throw their corpses into the river.

According to Tathagata Roy, it was a carefully planned massacre. The train crew and the guard were involved in it. Prabhas Chandra Lahiri has held Aziz Ahmed, the Chief Secretary of East Bengal and Abdul Majid, the District Magistrate of Rajshahi responsible for this massacre.

References

Anderson Bridge massacre Wikipedia


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