Harman Patil

Anacardium excelsum

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Anacardiaceae
Scientific name  Anacardium excelsum
Order  Sapindales
Genus  Anacardium
Rank  Species
Anacardium excelsum Photos of Colombia Flowers Anacardium excelsum
Similar  Ice‑cream‑bean, Nanche, Mangifera, Nogal Criollo, Pacay

Caracoli anacardium excelsum


Anacardium excelsum, the wild cashew or espavé, is a tree in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. The tree is common in the tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests of Pacific and Atlantic watersheds of Central and South America, extending as far north as Guatemala and south into Ecuador.

Contents

Anacardium excelsum Photos of Colombia Flowers Anacardium excelsum

Caracol anacardium excelsum


Description

Anacardium excelsum Panama watershed tree atlas

This large evergreen tree grows along riverbanks, reaching heights of up to 48 m (157 ft), with a straight, rose-hued trunk reaching 3 m (9.8 ft) in diameter. The leaves are simple, alternate, oval-shaped, 15–30 cm (5.9–11.8 in) long and 5–12 cm (2.0–4.7 in) broad. The flowers are produced in a panicle up to 35 cm (14 in) long, each flower small, pale green to white. Older flowers turn pink and develop a strong clove-like fragrance.

The fruit is a 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) long, kidney-shaped drupe. Maturation occurs in March, April, and May.

Taxonomy

The wild cashew is a closely related species within the same genus as the cashew (Anacardium occidentale).

Ecology

Anacardium excelsum httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Fruit-eating bats pick the fruit of the wild cashew and transport it to their feeding places, where they eat only the fleshy part. The nuts are dropped into the leaf litter of the forest floor, where they later germinate.

Uses

Anacardium excelsum Anacardium excelsum Useful Tropical Plants

When uncooked, the fruit (both the nut and the surrounding fleshy part) is highly toxic to humans. It may, however, be eaten after it is roasted.

Anacardium excelsum CoTRAM Detailed Collection Record Information
Anacardium excelsum STRI Office of Bioinformatics Metas
Anacardium excelsum STRI Office of Bioinformatics Metas
Anacardium excelsum Anacardium excelsum Espav Discover Life

References

Anacardium excelsum Wikipedia


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