| Alexander Rich|
| November 15, 1924
Hartford, Connecticut, USA (1924-11-15) |
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Harvard University, USA
discoverer of polysomes and Z-DNA
April 27, 2015, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Harvard Medical School (1949), Harvard University (1947)
Guggenheim Fellowship for Natural Sciences, US & Canada
Alexander Rich Wikipedia
Alexander Rich (November 15, 1924 – April 27, 2015) was an American biologist and biophysicist. He was the William Thompson Sedgwick Professor of Biophysics at MIT (since 1958) and Harvard Medical School. Dr. Rich earned both an A.B. (magna cum laude) and an M.D. (cum laude) from Harvard University. He was a post-doc of Linus Pauling along with James Watson. During this time he was a member of the RNA Tie Club, a social and discussion group which attacked the question of how DNA encodes proteins. He had over 600 publications to his name.
Rich was married to Jane King and is survived by four children: Benjamin, Josiah, Rebecca, and Jessica Rich Sturley.
Born in Hartford, Connecticut, Rich was the founder of Alkermes and was a director beginning in 1987. Dr. Rich was Co-Chairman of the Board of Directors of Repligen Corporation, a biopharmaceutical company. He was also a member of the Board of Directors for Profectus BioSciences, Inc. He also served on the editorial board of Genomics and the Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics.
In 1963, Rich discovered polysomes: clusters of ribosomes which read one strand of mRNA simultaneously.
In 1979, Rich and co-workers at MIT grew a crystal of Z-DNA. This was the first crystal structure of any form of DNA. After 26 years of attempts, Rich et al. finally crystallised the junction box of B- and Z-DNA. Their results were published in an October 2005 Nature journal. Whenever Z-DNA forms, there must be two junction boxes that allow the flip back to the canonical B-form of DNA. Rich died on April 27, 2015, aged 90.
a member of the National Academy of Sciences (appointed 17 April 1978)
a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
a member of the Philosophical Society
a member of the French Academy of Sciences
a member of the Institute of Medicine
a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of U.S. Genomics, Inc.
President Bill Clinton recognized his outstanding scientific achievements with the National Medal of Science in 1995.
The Bower Award and Prize for Achievement in Science (2000)
2001 William Procter Prize for Scientific Achievement
2008 Welch Award in Chemistry: "For outstanding contributions to the understanding of the chemical and biochemical mechanisms in maintaining a living cell".
Sigma Xi Proctor Prize, Raleigh, NC (2001)
Bower Award and Prize, the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, PA (2000)
National Medal of Science, Washington, DC (1995)
Linus Pauling Medal, American Chemical Society, Northwest Sections (1995)
Lewis S. Rosenstiel Award in Basic Biomedical Research, Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA (1983)
James R. Killian Faculty Achievement Award, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1980)
Presidential Award, New York Academy of Science, New York, NY (1977)
Theodore van Karmen Award for Viking Mars Mission, Washington, DC (1976)
Skylab Achievement Award, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC (1974)
Foreign Member, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia (1994)
Honorary Member, Japanese Biochemical Society, Tokyo, Japan (1986)
Foreign Member, French Academy of Sciences, Paris, France (1984)
Honorary Doctorate, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (1981)
American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA (1980)
Pontifical Academy of Sciences (1978)
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (1970)
Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, DC (1965)
Fellow, Guggenheim Foundation (1963)
Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, MA (1959)
Fellow, National Research Council, Washington, DC (1949–51).