Samiksha Jaiswal

Abies holophylla

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Kingdom  Plantae
Class  Pinopsida
Family  Pinaceae
Scientific name  Abies holophylla
Division  Pinophyta
Order  Pinales
Genus  Abies
Rank  Species
Abies holophylla Pinterest The world39s catalog of ideas
Similar  Picea jezoensis, Korean Pine, Abies nephrolepis, Abies koreana, Pinus densiflora

Abies holophylla, also called needle fir or Manchurian fir, is a species of fir native to mountainous regions of northern Korea, southern Ussuriland, and China in the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning.

Abies holophylla wwwplantplacescomphotosAbiesholophyllaSpring

It is an evergreen coniferous tree growing to 30 m (100 ft) tall and 1 m (3 ft) in trunk diameter with a narrowly conical crown of horizontal spreading branches. The bark is scaly and gray-brown with resin blisters. The leaves ("needles") are flattened, 2–4 cm (341 12 in) long and 1.5–2.5 mm (116332 in) thick, spread at right angles from the shoot, and end in a point.

Abies holophylla Abies holophylla Needle Fir Manchurian Fir Plant Database

They spread on two sides, but not flat like for example in silver fir. Usually they more or less rise up forming with the shoot a V-shape empty compartment above it. Unlike in silver fir, the leaves here are sharp and prickly, without any indentation at the top.

Abies holophylla Abies holophylla landscape architect39s pages

They are bright green above and whitish-green below with 2 whitish strips, each of which is formed by 7–10 wax-covered stomatal bands. The shoots are glabrous, shiny yellow-gray when young and turning gray-brown. The cones are 12–14 cm (4 345 12 in) long by 4–5 cm (1 12–2 in) wide, yellow-brown, and slightly tapering with a bluntly rounded apex. The scale bracts are hidden under the cone scales. The seeds, 8–9 mm (51638 in) long with a wedge-shaped wing 1.5 cm (58 in) long, are released after the cones disintegrate at maturity in October.

Abies holophylla FileAbies holophylla 03jpg Wikimedia Commons

Manchurian fir is sometimes, but not commonly, used as an ornamental plant.

References

Abies holophylla Wikipedia


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