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Abd al Hafid of Morocco

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Reign  1909 – 30 March 1912
Parents  Hassan I of Morocco
Predecessor  Abdelaziz of Morocco
House  Alaouite dynasty

Name  Abd of
Siblings  Yusef of Morocco
Role  Sultan of Morocco
Abd al-Hafid of Morocco
Successor  Vacant until August 1912 Yusef (in Rabat) Ahmed al-Hiba (in Marrakesh)
Born  1878 Fes, Morocco (1878)
Died  April 4, 1937, Enghien-les-Bains, France
Similar People  Mohammed V of Morocco, Hassan I of Morocco, Muhammad IV of Morocco, Sharif ibn Ali

Grandparents  Muhammad IV of Morocco

Abd al hafid of morocco

Abdelhafid of Morocco or Mulai Abdelhafid (24 February 1875, in Fes – 4 April 1937, in Enghien-les-Bains) (Arabic: عبد الحفيظ‎‎) was the Sultan of Morocco from 1908 to 1912 and a member of the Alaouite Dynasty. His younger brother, Abdelaziz of Morocco, preceded him. While Mulai Abdelhafid initially opposed his brother for giving some concessions to foreign powers, he himself became increasingly backed by the French and finally signed the protectorate treaty giving de facto control of the country to France.


Abd al-Hafid of Morocco Abd alHafid of Morocco 1912 19thcenturyphotographycom

After his brother, Abdelaziz appointed him as caliph of Marrakech, Abdelhafid sought to have him overthrown by fomenting distrust over Abdelaziz's European ties. He was aided by Madani al-Glaoui, older brother of T'hami one of the Caids of the Atlas. He was assisted in the training of his troops by Andrew Belton (Kaid), a British officer and veteran of the Second Boer War. For a brief period Abdelaziz reigned from Rabat while Abdelhafid reigned in Marrakech and Fes was disputed. In 1908 Abdelaziz was defeated in battle. In 1909, he became the recognized leader of Morocco.

Abdelhafid abdicated after signing the Treaty of Fez on 30 March 1912, which made Morocco a French protectorate. He signed his abdication only when on the quay in Rabat, with the ship that would take him to France already waiting. After an extended visit to France, where he received a great deal of attention from the press, he returned to Morocco and was exiled to the Dar el Makhzen (Sultanate Palace) in Tangier.

His brother Yusef was proclaimed Sultan by the French administration several months later (13 August 1912). Yusef was chosen by some dignitaries of Rabat which wasn't the capital of Morocco at the time.


  • Grand Cross of the Legion d'Honneur of France-1909
  • References

    Abd al-Hafid of Morocco Wikipedia

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