Puneet Varma (Editor)

9th century BC

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9th century BC

The 9th century BC started the first day of 900 BC and ended the last day of 801 BC. It was a period of great change for several civilizations. In Africa, Carthage is founded by the Phoenicians. In Egypt, a severe flood covers the floor of Luxor temple, and years later, a civil war starts.

Contents

It is the beginning of the Iron Age in Central Europe, with the spread of the Proto-Celtic Hallstatt culture, and the Proto-Celtic language.

890s BC

  • 895 BC: Death of King Xiao of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
  • 894 BC: King Yi of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
  • 892 BC: Megacles, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 30 years and is succeeded by his son Diognetus.
  • 891 BC: Tukulti-Ninurta II succeeds his father Adad-nirari II as king of Assyria.
  • 880s BC

  • 889 BC: Takelot I succeeds his father Osorkon I as king of Egypt.
  • 884 BC: Ashurnasirpal II succeeds his father Tukulti-Ninurta II as king of Assyria.
  • 870s BC

  • 879 BC: Death of King Yi of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
  • 878 BC: King Li of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
  • 874 BC: Osorkon II succeeds Takelot I as king of the Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt.
  • 874 BC: Ahab becomes king of Kingdom of Israel (approximate date).
  • 872 BC: Parshvanatha, 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism was born.
  • 872 BC: An exceptionally high flood of the Nile covers the floors of the Temple of Luxor.
  • 860s BC

  • 865 BC: Kar Kalmaneser was conquered by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III.
  • 864 BC: Diognetus, Archon of Athens, dies after a reign of 28 years and is succeeded by his son Pherecles.
  • 860 BC: The kingdom of Urartu is unified.
  • 850s BC

  • 858 BC: Aramu becomes king of Urartu.
  • 858 BC: Shalmaneser III succeeds Ashurnasirpal II as king of Assyria.
  • 854/3 BC: Battle of Karkar—An indecisive engagement between Assyrian king Shalmaneser III and a military alliance of the king of Damascus and lesser powers including the prince of Tyre. (Either 854 or 853 BC)
  • 850 BC: Takelot II succeeds Osorkon II as King of Egypt.
  • 850 BC: The Middle Mumun Pottery Period begins in the Korean peninsula.
  • 840s BC

  • 845 BC: Pherecles, Archon of Athens, dies after a reign of 19 years and is succeeded by his son Ariphron.
  • 842 BC: Shalmaneser III devastates the territory of Damascus; Kingdom of Israel and the Phoenician cities send tribute.
  • 841 BC: Death of King Li of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
  • 841 BC: Records of the Grand Historian regards this year as the first year of consecutive annual dating of Chinese history.
  • 840 BC: Gopala Dynasty started in Nepal, first dynasty to rule in a country named Nepal despite its present geographical boundaries.
  • 830s BC

  • 836 BC: Shalmaneser III of Assyria leads an expedition against the Tabareni.
  • 836 BC: Civil war breaks out in Egypt.
  • 820s BC

  • 827 BC: King Xuan of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
  • 825 BC: Takelot II, king of Egypt, dies. Crown Prince Osorkon III and Shoshenq III, sons of Takelot, battle for the throne.
  • c. 825 BC: Ariphron, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 20 years and is succeeded by his son Thespieus.
  • 823 BC: Death of Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria. He is succeeded by his son Shamshi-Adad V.
  • 820 BC: Pygmalion ascends the throne of Tyre.
  • 810s BC

  • 817 BC: Pedubastis I declares himself king of Egypt, founding the Twenty-third Dynasty.
  • 814 BC: Carthage is founded by Dido (traditional date).
  • 811 BC: Adad-nirari III succeeds his father Shamshi-Adad V as king of Assyria.
  • 800s BC

  • 804 BC: Adad-nirari III of Assyria conquers Damascus.
  • 804 BC: Death of Pedubastis I, pharaoh.
  • c. 800 BC: Etruscan civilization.
  • Beginning of the Iron Age in Central Europe, spread of the Proto-Celtic Hallstatt culture, and the Proto-Celtic language.
  • Adena culture appears in present-day Northeastern United States.
  • Significant persons

  • Homer, 8th-century BC
  • Elijah, a 9th-century BC prophet found in the Old Testament (Tanakh) of the Bible.
  • 872 BC: Parshvanatha, 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism was born.
  • Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria (858 BC–824 BC)
  • Inventions, discoveries, introductions

  • First inscriptions in Epigraphic South Arabian found in Akkele Guzay
  • 9th century BC—Olmecs build pyramids.
  • Emergence of the Brahmana period of Vedic Sanskrit, probable composition of the Shatapatha Brahmana, and the first beginning of the Upanishadic and Vedantic traditions of Hinduism.
  • In works of fiction

  • In Highlander, the immortal Juan Sánchez Villa-Lobos Ramírez (Sean Connery) was born in Egypt in 896 BC.
  • In True Blood, the vampire known as Russell Edgington was born around 850 BC, and was turned about 800 BC.
  • Sovereign States

    See: List of sovereign states in the 9th century BC.

    References

    9th century BC Wikipedia


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