|Covid-19|Borobodur in Magelang, Central Java (modern Indonesia), is completed as a Buddhist monument, after about 50 years of work (approximate date).
Battle of Tellaru: King Nandivarman III defeats the Pandyans, led by his rival Srimara Srivallabha, at Vandavasi (modern India).
King Wiglaf of Mercia regains control from Wessex, and returns to the throne.
June 5 – Emperor Theophilos (16-years-old) marries the Armenian noblewoman Theodora, in Hagia Sophia at Constantinople. He chooses her during a representation of a bride-show; she becomes empress (Augusta) of the Byzantine Empire.
Byzantine–Arab War: Muslim reinforcements from Ifriqiya and Al-Andalus (modern Spain) defeat Byzantine forces under Theodotus in Sicily, but a plague once again compels them to retreat to Mazara del Vallo, and evacuate to North Africa.
Emperor Louis the Pious returns from a campaign in Brittany, and is captured by his son Pepin I, king of Aquitaine. He is put under house arrest at Compiegne, and his wife Judith is incarcerated at Poitiers.
The Ad-dimnah Hospital (bimaristan) is created in Kairouan (modern Tunisia), by the Aghlabid emir Ziyadat Allah I.
Nennius, Welsh abbot of Bangor Fawr, compiles the Historia Brittonum. He is also known for its list of the 12 battles of King Arthur (approximate date).
Hirsau Abbey (modern Germany) is founded by the Rhenish Franconian count Erlafried of Calw (approximate date).
Ansgar, Frankish missionary, visits the trade city Birka, located at Lake Mälaren in Sweden (approximate date).
Adalard, Frankish nobleman (approximate date)
Athanasius I, bishop of Naples (d. 872)
Carloman of Bavaria, Frankish king (or 828)
Charles, Frankish bishop (or 825)
Engelberga, Frankish empress (approximate date)
Irmgard, Frankish abbess (or 833)
Ishaq ibn Hunayn, Muslim physician (approximate date)
Junayd of Baghdad, Muslim sufi (d. 910)
Kōkō, emperor of Japan (d. 887)
Lambert III, Frankish nobleman (d. 882)
Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian writer (approximate date)
Robert the Strong, Frankish nobleman (approximate date)
Rimbert, Frankish archbishop (d. 888)
Rurik, prince of Novgorod (approximate date)
Wulgrin I, Frankish count (approximate date)
Yahya ibn Mu'adh al-Razi, Muslim sufi (d. 871)
Yunju Daoying, Chinese Buddhist teacher (d. 902)
Æthelwold, bishop of Lichfield
Ashot I, prince of Iberia (or 826)
Eardwulf, king of Northumbria (approximate date)
Egfrid, bishop of Lindisfarne
Li Jiang, chancellor of the Tang Dynasty (b. 764)
Sa'id ibn Aws al-Ansari, Muslim linguist
Wang Jian, Chinese poet (approximate date)
Zhang Ji, Chinese scholar and poet (approximate date)
Year 830 (DCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.