Neha Patil (Editor)

7th arrondissement of Paris

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Covid-19
Country  France
Department  Paris
Area  4.09 km²
Region  Île-de-France
Commune  Paris
Mayor  Rachida Dati
7th arrondissement of Paris httpswwwparisperfectcomgphotosuploadsml8

7th arrondissement of paris


The 7th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city in France. It includes some of the major tourist attractions of Paris, such as the Eiffel Tower and the Hôtel des Invalides (Napoléon's resting place), and a concentration of such world-famous museums as the Musée d'Orsay, Musée Rodin, and the Musée du quai Branly.

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Map of 7th arrondissement, Paris, France

Situated on the Rive Gauche—the "Left", or Southern, bank of the River Seine—this central arrondissement, which includes the historical aristocratic neighbourhood of Faubourg Saint-Germain, contains a number of French national institutions, among them the French National Assembly and numerous government ministries. It is also home to many foreign diplomatic embassies, some of them occupying outstanding Hôtels particuliers.

The arrondissement has been home to the French upper class since the 17th century, when it became the new residence of French highest nobility. The district has been so fashionable within the French aristocracy that the phrase le Faubourg—referring to the ancient name of the current 7th arrondissement—has been used to describe French nobility ever since. The 7th arrondissement of Paris and Neuilly-sur-Seine form the most affluent and prestigious residential area in France.

History

During the 17th century, French high nobility started to move from the central Marais, the then-aristocratic district of Paris where nobles used to build their urban mansions (see Hotel de Soubise), to the clearer, less populated and less polluted Faubourg Saint-Germain.

The district became so fashionable within the French aristocracy that the phrase le Faubourg has been used to describe French nobility ever since. The oldest and most prestigious families of the French nobility built outstanding residences in the area, such as the Hôtel Matignon, the Hôtel de Salm, and the Hôtel Biron.

After the Revolution many of these mansions, offering magnificent inner spaces, many receptions rooms and exquisite decoration, were confiscated and turned into national institutions. The French expression "les ors de la Republique" (literally "the golds of the Republic"), referring to the luxurious environment of the national palaces (outstanding official residences and priceless works of art), comes from that time.

During the Restauration, the Faubourg recovered its past glory as the most exclusive high nobility district of Paris and was the political heart of the country, home to the Ultra Party. After the Fall of Charles X, the district lost most of its political influence but remained the center of the French upper class' social life.

During the 19th century, the arrondissement hosted no less than five Universal Exhibitions (1855, 1867, 1878, 1889, 1900) that have immensely impacted its cityscape. The Eiffel Tower and the Orsay building have been built for these Exhibitions (respectively in 1889 and 1900).

Geography

The land area of the arrondissement is 4.088 km² (1.578 sq. miles, or 1,010 acres).

Demography

The 7th arrondissement attained its peak population in 1926 when it had 110,684 inhabitants. Because it is the location of so many French government bodies, this arrondissement has never been as densely populated as some of the others. In 1999, the population was 56,985, while the arrondissement provided 76,212 jobs.

Places of interest

Important places include:

  • French National Assembly
  • Eiffel Tower
  • Hôtel Matignon
  • Hôtel de Boisgelin (Rue de Varenne, Paris), historic building, home to the Italian embassy in Paris.
  • Champ de Mars
  • Musée d'Orsay
  • École Militaire
  • Hôtel des Invalides
  • Musée du quai Branly
  • Musée national de la Légion d'Honneur et des Ordres de Chevalerie
  • Musée Maillol
  • Musée de l'Ordre de la Libération
  • Musée Rodin
  • Musée Valentin Haüy
  • Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po)
  • Art and industry

  • Musée du quai Branly
  • Musée national de la Légion d'Honneur et des Ordres de Chevalerie
  • Musée Maillol
  • Musée de l'Ordre de la Libération
  • Musée Rodin
  • Musée Valentin Haüy
  • National Horticultural Society of France
  • Economy

    Air Liquide, Alcatel-Lucent, and Valode & Pistre have their head offices in this arrondissement.

    Education

    Public and private high schools:

  • Lycée Victor-Duruy
  • Établissement La Rochefoucauld
  • Institut de l'Alma
  • Lycée-collège Paul-Claudel
  • Lycée d'Hulst
  • Lycée Sainte-Jeanne Elisabeth
  • Lycée Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin
  • Lycée Thérèse-Chappuis
  • Istituto Statale Italiano Leonardo Da Vinci, an Italian international school, maintains two campuses in the arrondissement. The American University of Paris, a private liberal arts university, maintains several buildings near the Quai d'Orsay.

    Government

    The Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of National Education have their head offices in the arrondissement.

    Sport

    The arrondissement hosted the equestrian events for the 1900 Summer Olympics.

    References

    7th arrondissement of Paris Wikipedia


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