| Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation|
6 vehicles (as of 1 October 2016)
The 581 / 583 series (581/583系) are limited express electric multiple unit (EMU) train types introduced in 1967 by Japanese National Railways and operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) and West Japan Railway Company (JR West) on the through services express Kitaguni and other special trains.
The seats of the 581 and 583 series trains can be transformed into three-berth beds, enabling the trains to be used on both daytime and night train services.
As of 1 October 2016, just six cars remained in service, operated by JR East and based at Akita Depot for use on additional and charter services. This last trainset is scheduled to be withdrawn in April 2017.
KuHaNe 581: Cab car with air compressor and motor-generator (150 kVA)
KuHaNe 583: Cab car with air compressor and motor-generator (210 kVA)
MoHaNe 580: Motored car with two pantographs (1,500 V DC / 20 kV AC 60 Hz)
MoHaNe 581: Motored car coupled to MoHaNe 580
MoHaNe 582: Motored car with two pantographs (1,500 V DC / 20 kV AC 50/60 Hz)
MoHaNe 583: Motored car coupled to MoHaNe 582
SaHaNe 581: Intermediate trailer car. All withdrawn.
SaRo 581: Green (first class) intermediate trailer car. The seats cannot be converted into berths.
SaRoNe 581: Converted from SaRo 581 in 1985 for Kitaguni services. The berths cannot be converted into seats.
SaShi 581: Dining car. All withdrawn
583 series Wikipedia
(as of 1 July 2010)
The 581 series was introduced in 1967 on the Midori (Shin-Ōsaka - Kumamoto daytime limited express) and Gekkō (Shin-Osaka - Hakata night limited express).
The 583 series was introduced in 1968 on the Hatsukari (Ueno - Aomori via Tōhoku Main Line daytime), Hakutsuru (Ueno - Aomori via Tōhoku Main Line night), and Yūzuru (Ueno - Aomori via Jōban Line night).
These trains were subsequently used on other limited express services.
In 1982, when the Tohoku Shinkansen opened, many cars became surplus to requirements, and some were remodeled into 419 series and 715 series EMUs.
The last remaining trainset in service, a six-car set based at JR East's Akita Depot is scheduled to make its final run on 8 April 2017, on a charter service between Akita and Hirosaki.
As of April 2016, four former 581 series cars are preserved statically.KuHaNe 581 8: Preserved at the Kyushu Railway History Museum in Kitakyushu, Fukuoka (cosmetically restored from its previous identity as KuHa 715-1).
SaHaNe 581 19: Preserved at the "Truck Kingdom" (トロッコ王国) in Bifuka, Hokkaido.
SaShi 581 31: Preserved adjacent to the Hachinohe City Museum in Hachinohe, Aomori.
KuHaNe 581 35: Preserved at the Kyoto Railway Museum in Kyoto since April 2016.
In February 2015, JR-West car KuHaNe 581 35, formerly stored at Suita Depot in Osaka, was moved to Kyoto for exhibition at the Kyoto Railway Museum opening in April 2016. It was returned from its previous Kitaguni livery to its original JNR blue and cream livery.