Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

4th Canadian Division

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Covid-19
Country  Canada
Type  Infantry Armoured
Allegiance  Queen Elizabeth II
Size  Division
4th Canadian Division
Active  1916–1919 1940–1946 2013–present
Branch  Canadian Expeditionary Force Land Force Command Canadian Army

The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army. The division was first created as a formation of the Canadian Corps during the First World War. During the Second World War the division was reactivated as the 4th Canadian Infantry Division in 1941 and then converted to armour and redesignated as the 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division. Beginning in 1916 the division adopted a distinctive green-coloured formation patch as its insignia. In 2013 it was announced that Land Force Central Area would be redesignated 4th Canadian Division. It is currently responsible for Canadian Army operations in the Canadian province of Ontario and is headquartered at Denison Armoury.

Contents

First World War

The 4th Canadian Division was formed in the Britain in April 1916 from several existing units and others scheduled to arrive shortly thereafter. Under the command of Major-General David Watson, the Division embarked for France in August of that year where they served both in the Western Front in France and in Flanders until Armistice Day. The 4th Canadian Division was a part of the Canadian Corps in the Battle of Vimy Ridge, which attacked and defeated the Germans, driving them from the ridge. As a result, the Canadians became known as masters of offensive warfare and an elite fighting force.

In the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917, the 4th Canadian Division was given the job of capturing Hill 145, the highest and most important feature of Vimy Ridge. However, when they attempted to capture the hill, they were hampered by fire from the "Pimple", which was the other prominent height at Vimy Ridge. To capture Hill 145, forces which were supposed to attack the Pimple were redeployed and captured Hill 145.

Infantry Units

10th Canadian Brigade:

  • 44th (Manitoba) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918. (Re-designated New Brunswick in August 1918);
  • 46th (South Saskatchewan) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918;
  • 47th (British Columbia) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918. (Re-designated West Ontario in February 1918);
  • 50th (Calgary) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918.
  • 11th Canadian Brigade:

  • 54th (Kootenay) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918;
  • 75th (Mississauga) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918;
  • 87th (Canadian Grenadier) Battalion Canadian Infantry. June 1916 – 11 November 1918 (transferred from 12th Canadian Brigade);
  • 102nd (North British Columbia) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918.
  • 12th Canadian Brigade:

  • 38th (Ottawa) Battalion Canadian Infantry. June 1916 – 11 November 1918;
  • 51st (Edmonton) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 13 November 1916 (Became the 51st Garrison Battalion);
  • 72nd Battalion (Seaforth Highlanders of Canada), CEF. April 1916 – 11 November 1918;
  • 73rd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 19 April 1917 (disbanded);
  • 78th (Winnipeg Grenadier) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – 11 November 1918;
  • 85th (Nova Scotia Highlanders) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1917 – 11 November 1918;
  • 87th (Canadian Grenadier) Battalion Canadian Infantry. April 1916 – June 1916. (transferred to 11th Canadian Brigade).
  • Pioneers:

  • 67th (Western Scot) Pioneer Battalion Canadian Infantry. 1 September 1916 – 11 November 1918;
  • Battles and Engagements on the Western Front

    1916:

  • Battle of Le Transloy – 1–17 October
  • Battle of the Ancre Heights – 17 October – 11 November, (capture of the Regina Trench)
  • Battle of the Ancre – 13–18 November
  • 1917:

  • Battle of Vimy Ridge – 9–14 April
  • Affairs South of the Souchez River – 3–25 June
  • Capture of Avion – 26–29 June
  • Battle of Hill 70 – 15–25 August
  • Second Battle of Passchendaele – 26 October – 10 November
  • 1918:

  • Battle of Amiens – 9–11 August
  • Actions round Damery – 15–17 August
  • Battle of Drocourt-Quéant – 2–3 September
  • Battle of the Canal du Nord 27 September – 1 October
  • Battle of Valenciennes 1–2 November 1–2, (capture of Mont Houy)
  • Passage of the Grande Honelle – 5–7 November
  • 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division

    The 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division was created during World War II by the conversion of the 4th Canadian Infantry Division at the beginning of 1942 in Canada. The division proceeded overseas in 1942, with its two main convoys reaching the United Kingdom in August and October.

    The division spent almost two years training in the United Kingdom before crossing to Normandy in July 1944. In the United Kingdom, it participated in war games together with the Polish 1st Armoured Division, and later fought in France, the Low Countries, and Germany, both divisions followed very close paths. The division participated in the later stages of the Battle of Normandy at the Falaise Pocket, the advance from Normandy and spent almost two months engaged at the Breskens Pocket. It wintered in the Netherlands and took part in the final advance across northern Germany.

    Formation

    1944–1945

    4th Canadian Armoured Brigade 
  • 21st Armoured Regiment (The Governor General's Foot Guards)
  • 22nd Armoured Regiment (The Canadian Grenadier Guards)
  • 28th Armoured Regiment (The British Columbia Regiment)
  • The Lake Superior Regiment (Motor)
  • 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade
  • The Lincoln and Welland Regiment
  • The Algonquin Regiment
  • The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada (Princess Louise's)
  • 10 Canadian Infantry Brigade Ground Defence Platoon (Lorne Scots)
  • Other units 
  • 29th Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment (The South Alberta Regiment)
  • "D" Squadron, 25th Armoured Delivery Regiment (The Elgin Regiment), Canadian Armoured Corps
  • 15th Field Regiment, RCA
  • 23rd Field Regiment, RCA
  • 5th Anti-tank Regiment, RCA
  • 8th Light Anti-aircraft Regiment, RCA
  • 8th Field Squadron, RCE
  • 9th Field Squadron, RCE
  • 4th Canadian (Armoured) Divisional Signals, R.C. Sigs
  • No. 4 Defence and Employment Platoon (Lorne Scots)
  • 12 Light Field Ambulance, RCAMC
  • No. 8 Provost Company, Canadian Provost Corps
  • David Vivian Currie VC

    David Vivian Currie VC was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in command of a battle group of tanks from The South Alberta Regiment, artillery, and infantry of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders of Canada at St. Lambert-sur-Dives, during the final actions to close the Falaise Gap. This was the only Victoria Cross awarded to a Canadian soldier during the Normandy campaign (from 6 June 1944 to the end of August 1944), and the only VC ever awarded to a member of the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps.

    The then 32 year-old Currie was a Major in The South Alberta Regiment. During the Battle of Falaise, Normandy, between 18–20 August 1944, Currie was in command of a small mixed force of tanks, self-propelled anti-tank guns and infantry which had been ordered to cut off one of the Germans' main escape routes.

    After Currie led the attack on the village of St. Lambert-sur-Dives and consolidated a position halfway inside it, he repulsed repeated enemy attacks over the next day and a half. Despite heavy casualties, Major Currie's command destroyed seven enemy tanks, twelve 88 mm guns and 40 vehicles, which led to the deaths of 300 German soldiers, 500 wounded and 1,100 captured. The remnants of two German armies were denied an escape route.

    Land Force Central Area and 2013 reactivation

    The LFCA was created on 1 September 1991, taking command of what was previously Central Militia Area and the Regular Force Army units and formations in Ontario from the northern Lakehead region to the border with Quebec. At that point in time, the six subordinate militia districts were reorganized into four: Northern Ontario District, London District, Toronto District, and Ottawa District each one garrisoned by a brigade of militia troops and a small number of regular support staff. Later that decade, in 1997, the four reserve force districts were again reorganized into three brigade groups.

    At the time of its creation in the early-1990s, it was housed on the grounds of the former base and subsequently moved ca 1993 to the Place Nouveau office tower at Yonge Street north of Finch Avenue; this was controversial as the offices of the area commander, Major-General Brian Vernon, were lavishly renovated, attracting political criticism and attention from the Auditor General of Canada.

    In 2013, the LFCA was renamed the "4th Canadian Division". With this change of name, the formation was also granted the identifying patch and historical lineage of the division that fought in the two world wars.

    4th Canadian Division current organization

  • 4th Canadian Division Training Centre (formerly the Land Force Central Area Training Centre Meaford)– Meaford
  • 2 Intelligence Company – Toronto
  • 7 Intelligence Company – Ottawa
  • 2 Area Construction Troop, 4 Engineer Support Regiment – Petawawa
  • 21 Electronic Warfare Regiment – Kingston – On 17 April 2010, the regular force 2 Electronic Warfare Squadron and reserve force 772 Electronic Warfare Squadron combined to form the new 21 Electronic Warfare Regiment under LFCA.
  • 2 Military Police Regiment
  • 2 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group

    *2nd Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment is stationed at Gagetown, which falls under the administration of Land Force Atlantic Area

    Units

  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Personnel Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Operations Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Technical Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Engineers Services Squadron
  • 4 CDSG Signal Squadron
  • Branches

  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Safety Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Environmental Services
  • 4 CDSB Petawawa Corporate Services
  • Abbreviations

  • ASU: Area Support Unit
  • CFB: Canadian Forces Base
  • RCA: The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery
  • RCAC: Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
  • CFMS: Canadian Forces Medical Service
  • Commanders

  • Brigadier-General Omer Lavoie – 2012–2014
  • Brigadier-General Fred Lewis, MSM, CD – 2010–2012
  • Brigadier-General Jean-Claude Collin, OMM, CD – 2008–2010
  • Brigadier-General John Howard, MSM, CD – 2007–2008
  • Brigadier-General Guy Thibault, CD – 2005–2007
  • Brigadier-General Greg Young 2005
  • Brigadier-General Marc Lessard, CD – 2003–2005
  • Brigadier-General Andrew Leslie, OMM, MSM, CD – 2002–2003
  • Brigadier-General Michel Gauthier 2000–2002
  • References

    4th Canadian Division Wikipedia


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