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1st Congress of the Republic of Texas

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2nd Congress of the Republic of Texas  
Meeting place  Columbia and Houston
Jurisdiction  Republic of Texas
Members  31 Representatives
1st Congress of the Republic of Texas
Term  October 3, 1836 (1836-10-03) – June 13, 1837 (1837-06-13)
House Speaker  Ira Ingram (1st session) Branch T. Archer (2nd session)

The First Congress of the Republic of Texas, consisting of the Senate of the Republic of Texas and House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas, met in Columbia at two separate buildings (one for each chamber) and then in Houston from October 3, 1836, to June 13, 1837, during the first year of Sam Houston's presidency.


All members of Congress were officially non-partisan. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Texas of 1836, each member of the House of Representatives was elected for a term of one year. Each county was guaranteed at least one representative.

Each Senator was elected for a three-year term to represent a district that each had a nearly equal portion of the nation's population. Each district could have no more than one Senator.


  • José Francisco Ruiz - District of Bexar
  • James Collinsworth - District of Brazoria (1st session)
  • William Green Hill - District of Brazoria (2nd session)
  • Alexander Somervell - District of Colorado and Austin counties
  • Edwin Morehouse - District of Goliad, Refugio, and San Patricio
  • Robert Wilson - District of Harrisburg and Liberty
  • Stephen H. Everitt - District of Jasper and Jefferson
  • Albert Clinton Horton - District of Matagorda, Victoria, and Jackson
  • Sterling C. Robertson - District of Milam
  • James S. Lester - District of Mina and Gonzales
  • Robert Anderson Irion - District of Nacogdoches
  • Richard Ellis - District of Red River
  • Shelby Corzine - District of San Augustine (1st session)
  • Henry William Augustine - District of San Augustine (2nd session)
  • Willis H. Landrum - District of Shelby and Sabine
  • Jesse Grimes - District of Washington
  • Senate

  • Sergeant at Arms – William King (1st session), Noah T. Byars (2nd session)
  • Clerk – Richardson A. Scurry (1st session), Arthur Robertson (2nd session)
  • Doorkeeper – Joshua Canter (1st session), Marshall Mann (2nd session)
  • House of Representatives

  • Sergeant at Arms – A. L. Harrison (1st session), George S. Stratton (2nd session)
  • Clerk – Willis A. Farris (1st session), William Fairfax Gray (2nd session)
  • Doorkeeper – W. T. Hendricks (1st session), Abner S. McDonald (2nd session), S. L. Johnson (2nd session)
  • References

    1st Congress of the Republic of Texas Wikipedia

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