Harman Patil

1980 Irpinia earthquake

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Origin time  18:34:52 UTC
Type  Dip-slip
Max. intensity  X (Extreme)
Magnitude  6.9 Mw
Areas affected  Italy
Date  23 November 1980
1980 Irpinia earthquake i1trekearthcomphotos49774conzadellacampaniajpg
Casualties  2,483–4,900 dead 7,700–8,934 injured 250,000 displaced
Similar  1976 Friuli earthquake, 2009 L'Aquila earthquake, 1997 Umbria and Marc, 1968 Belice earthquake, 2002 Molise earthquake

1980 irpinia earthquake


The 1980 Irpinia earthquake (Italian: Terremoto dell'Irpinia) took place in Southern Italy on November 23 with a moment magnitude of 6.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). The shock was centered on the village of Conza and left at least 2,483 people dead, at least 7,700 injured, and left 250,000 homeless.

Contents

1980 Irpinia earthquake 1980 Irpinia earthquake 2 The 1980 Irpinia earthquake took Flickr

Lioni avellino irpinia italy il terremoto del 23 11 1980 per non dimenticare 1980 earthquake


Event

1980 Irpinia earthquake 1980 Irpinia earthquake 1 The 1980 Irpinia earthquake took Flickr

The quake struck at 18:34 UTC (19:34 local). The first jolt was followed by 90 aftershocks. There were three main shocks, each with epicenters in a different place, within 80 seconds. The largest shock registered a peak acceleration of 0.38g, with 10 seconds of motion greater than 0.1g. The three main shocks combined produced 70 seconds of shaking greater than 0.01g. Thus the shaking was severe and lasted a long time. Towns in the province of Avellino were hit the hardest. In Sant'Angelo dei Lombardi, 300 died, including 27 children in an orphanage, and eighty percent of the town was destroyed. One hundred were killed in Balvano when a medieval church collapsed during Sunday services. The towns of Lioni, Conza di Campania (near the epicenter), and Teora were destroyed, and dozens of structures in Naples were levelled, including a 10-story apartment building. Damage was spread over more than 26,000 km², including Naples and Salerno.

Rebuilding

1980 Irpinia earthquake 1980 Irpinia earthquake 6 The 1980 Irpinia earthquake took Flickr

The Italian government spent 59 trillion lire on reconstruction, while other nations sent contributions. West Germany contributed 32 million United States dollars (USD) and the United States 70 million USD.

1980 Irpinia earthquake Top 10 natural disasters in the modern world

However, in the early nineties a major corruption scandal emerged. Of the billions of lire that were predestined for aid to the victims and rebuilding, the largest part disappeared from the earthquake reconstruction funds in the 1980s. Of the $40 billion spent on earthquake reconstruction, an estimated $20 billion went to create an entirely new social class of millionaires in the region, $6.4 billion went to the Camorra, whereas another $4 billion went to politicians in bribes. Only the remaining $9.6 billion a quarter of the total amount, was actually spent on people's needs.

The Mafia entered the construction industry after the quake.

1980 Irpinia earthquake The History Box Thirty Years Since the Earthquake in Campania and
1980 Irpinia earthquake Irpinia 1980 Earthquake Civil Protection Department

References

1980 Irpinia earthquake Wikipedia


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1976 Friuli earthquake
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