Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1909 in literature

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1909 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1909.

Contents

Events

  • January – T. E. Hulme's poems "Autumn" and "A City Sunset", included in the Poets' Club anthology For Christmas MDCCCCVIII (sic.), are the first examples of Imagism.
  • January 15 – Opening night of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's drama La donna è mobile at the Teatro Alfieri, Turin.
  • February 1 – La Nouvelle Revue Française (NRF), a literary magazine founded in Paris by a group of intellectuals including André Gide, Jacques Copeau, Jean Schlumberger and Gaston Gallimard, brings out its first issue.
  • February 20 – Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's Futurist Manifesto is first published, in the French newspaper Le Figaro.
  • March 2 – Katherine Mansfield, at this time pregnant by another man, marries singing teacher George Bowden (who she barely knows) in London, leaving him the same evening to resume a lesbian relationship with Ida Baker.
  • April
  • The opening night of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's drama Le Roi bombance ("The Feasting King", written 1905) is heckled by the audience and the writer.
  • The German periodical Die Tat is founded by Ernst Horneffer.
  • April 24 – The Metropolitan Library (京师图书馆, Jīngshī Túshūguǎn) in Beijing, predecessor of the National Library of China, is founded by the Qing government.
  • September 6 – Israel Zangwill's play The Melting Pot opens in New York City.
  • September 23 – Gaston Leroux's novel The Phantom of the Opera (Le Fantôme de l'Opéra) begins serialization in the Paris newspaper Le Gaulois.
  • September 29 – Franz Kafka's short story "The Aeroplanes at Brescia" (Die Aeroplane in Brescia), based on a real event, is published in the Prague newspaper Bohemia, the first description of aeroplanes in German literature.
  • November – E. M. Forster's science fiction short story "The Machine Stops" is published in The Oxford and Cambridge Review.
  • Fiction

  • Florence Barclay – The Rosary
  • Maurice Barrès – Colette Baudoche
  • André Billy – La Derive
  • Algernon Blackwood
  • The Education of Uncle Paul
  • Jimbo: A Fantasy
  • René Boylesve – La Jeune Fille bien élevée (The well brought-up young girl)
  • Hall Caine – The White Prophet
  • Gilbert Cannan – Peter Homunculus
  • Robert W. Chambers – The Danger Mark
  • Ion Luca Caragiale – Kir Ianulea
  • Herbert Croly – The Promise of American Life
  • Concha Espina – That Luzmela Girl
  • Charles Hoy Fort – The Outcast Manufacturers
  • Anatole France – Balthazar
  • Jacques Futrelle – Elusive Isabel
  • John Galsworthy – Fraternity
  • Charles Garvice – A Fair Impostor
  • Olha Kobylianska – V Nediliu Rano Zillia Kopala (She Gathered Herbs on Sunday Morning)
  • Maurice Leblanc – The Hollow Needle
  • Gaston Leroux – Le fauteuil hanté (The Haunted Chair)
  • Jack London – Martin Eden
  • John Masefield – Multitude and Solitude
  • Silas Weir Mitchell – The Red City
  • Baroness Orczy
  • The Nest of the Sparrowhawk
  • The Old Man in the Corner
  • Randall Parrish – My Lady of the South
  • Luigi Pirandello – I vecchi e i giovani (The Old and the Young, part 1)
  • Władysław Reymont – Chłopi (The Peasants; publication completed)
  • Gertrude Stein – Three Lives
  • Gene Stratton-Porter – A Girl of the Limberlost
  • Hermann Sudermann – The Song of Songs
  • Robert Walser – Jakob von Gunten
  • Mary Augusta Ward – Daphne
  • H.G. Wells
  • Ann Veronica
  • Tono-Bungay
  • P. G. Wodehouse – Mike
  • Children and young people

  • L. Frank Baum
  • The Road to Oz
  • Aunt Jane's Nieces at Work (as Edith Van Dyne)
  • Angela Brazil – The Nicest Girl in the School
  • Lucy Maud Montgomery – Anne of Avonlea
  • Drama

  • Sem Benelli – The Jester's Supper (La cena delle beffe)
  • Clyde Fitch – The City
  • John Galsworthy – Strife
  • Harley Granville-Barker – The Madras House
  • Agha Hashar Kashmiri – Khwab-e-Hasti (The Dream World of Existence)
  • Oskar Kokoschka – Murderer, the Hope of Women (Mörder, Hoffnung der Frauen)
  • Else Lasker-Schüler – Die Wupper (published)
  • Ferenc Molnár – Liliom
  • George Bernard Shaw – The Shewing-Up of Blanco Posnet
  • Poetry

  • Guillaume Apollinaire – L'Enchanteur pourrissant (The Putrifying Enchanter)
  • François Mauriac – Les Mains jointes (Clasped Hands)
  • John Millington Synge – Poems and Translations
  • Non-fiction

  • Henry James – Italian Hours
  • William James – A Pluralistic Universe
  • Jane's All the World's Aircraft (first annual edition)
  • Daniel Jones – The Pronunciation of English
  • Charlotte Fell Smith – John Dee: 1527–1608
  • A. E. Waite – The Hidden Church of the Holy Graal
  • Alice Zimmern – Women's Suffrage in Many Lands
  • Births

  • January 20 – Mae Virginia Cowdery, African American poet (died 1953)
  • January 18 – Oskar Davičo, Serbian novelist and poet (died 1989)
  • January 29 – Phoebe Hesketh (Phoebe Rayner), English poet (died 2005)
  • February 15 – Miep Gies (Hermine Santruschitz), Austrian-born biographer (died 2010)
  • February 24 – August Derleth, American anthologist (died 1971)
  • March 17 – Margiad Evans, Anglo-Welsh poet, novelist and illustrator (died 1958)
  • March 22 – Gabrielle Roy, French Canadian author (died 1983)
  • March 28 – Nelson Algren, American novelist (died 1981)
  • March 31 – Robert Brasillach, French author (died 1945)
  • April 8 – John Fante, American novelist (died 1983)
  • May 1 – Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet (died 1990)
  • May 5 – Miklós Radnóti, Hungarian poet (died 1944)
  • May 9 – Robert Garioch, Scottish poet (died 1981)
  • June 6 – Isaiah Berlin, German philosopher (died 1997)
  • June 19 – Osamu Dazai (太宰 治), Japanese author (died 1948)
  • June 28 – Eric Ambler, English novelist (died 1998)
  • July 1 – Juan Carlos Onetti, Uruguayan writer (died 1994)
  • July 8 – Petar Šegedin, Croatian diplomat, novelist and essayist (died 1998)
  • July 17 – G. P. Wells, son and co-author of H. G. Wells (died 1985)
  • July 28 – Malcolm Lowry, English novelist (died 1957)
  • July 29 – Chester Himes, American writer (died 1984)
  • July 30 – C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian and author (died 1993)
  • August 3 – Walter Van Tilburg Clark, American novelist (died 1971)
  • August 11 – Uku Masing, Estonian religious philosopher, linguist and writer (died 1985)
  • August 19 – Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish author (died 1983)
  • October 24 – Sheila Watson (Sheila Doherty), Canadian novelist and critic (died 1998)
  • November 26 – Eugène Ionesco (Eugen Ionescu), Romanian-born French playwright (died 1994)
  • November 27 – James Agee, American writer (died 1955)
  • December 14 – Ronald Welch (Ronald Oliver Felton), Welsh novelist and children's writer writing in English
  • December 16 – Edgar Mittelholzer, Guyanese novelist (suicide 1965)
  • Deaths

  • January 14 – William à Beckett, English journalist (born 1844)
  • February 11 – Russell Sturgis, American art critic (born 1836)
  • March 24 – John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist and poet (born 1871)
  • March 27 (probable) – John Davidson, Scottish poet (born 1857)
  • April 9
  • Francis Marion Crawford, American novelist (born 1854)
  • Paschal Grousset, French journalist and science fiction writer (born 1844)
  • April 12 – Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (born 1837)
  • April 21 – Denys Corbet, Guernsey poet writing in Guernsey French and English (born 1826)
  • April 26 – Marcus Dods, Scottish theologian (born 1834)
  • May 18 – George Meredith, English novelist and poet (born 1828)
  • June 11 – Jacob Mikhailovich Gordin, American dramatist (born 1853)
  • July 8 – Albert Craig (The Surrey Poet), English cricket writer (born 1850)
  • July 9 – Rosa Nouchette Carey, English children's writer (born 1840)
  • August 18 – Theodore Martin, Scottish-born writer (born 1816)
  • August 21 – George Cabot Lodge, American poet (born 1873)
  • August 23 – Liu E (劉鶚, Liu O), Chinese scholar, entrepreneur and novelist (born 1857)
  • August 26 – George Manville Fenn, English novelist and educationalist (born 1831)
  • September 4 – Clyde Fitch, American playwright (born 1865)
  • September 19 – József Borovnyák, Slovene writer, politician and priest (born 1826)
  • October 24 – Henry Charles Lea, American historian (born 1825)
  • November 18 – Renée Vivien, English-born French-language Symbolist poet (born 1877)
  • December 14 – Frederick Greenwood, English novelist and journalist (born 1830)
  • Unknown date – H. L. Fischer, Pennsylvania German-language writer and translator (born 1822)
  • Awards

  • Nobel Prize for Literature: Selma Lagerlöf
  • Newdigate prize: Frank Ashton-Gwatkin
  • Knighthood: Arthur Wing Pinero
  • References

    1909 in literature Wikipedia


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