Suvarna Garge (Editor)

1899 in literature

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1899 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1899.

Contents

Events

  • January 21 – French actress Sarah Bernhardt, having taken over management of the Paris theatre which she renames the Théâtre Sarah-Bernhardt, opens in the title rôle of Victorien Sardou's La Tosca. On May 20 she premières an adaptation of Shakespeare's Hamlet with herself in the title rôle (sic.)
  • March 20 – W. H. Davies, "tramp-poet", loses his foot trying to jump a freight train at Renfrew, Ontario.
  • April – Karl Kraus establishes the radical periodical Die Fackel ("The Torch") in Vienna.
  • April–June – Rainer Maria Rilke (an art student at this time) travels to Moscow to meet Leo Tolstoy.
  • May–December – Winston Churchill's only work of fiction, Savrola: A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania, is serialized in Macmillan's Magazine.
  • May 8 – The Irish Literary Theatre, founded by W. B. Yeats, Augusta, Lady Gregory, George Moore and Edward Martyn, stages its first performance in Dublin, a version of Yeats' verse drama The Countess Cathleen.
  • June 20 – English writer Edward Thomas marries Helen Noble at Fulham register office.
  • September 1 – The National Theatre in Norway opens with performances of pieces by Holberg.
  • September – The British Mutoscope and Biograph Company's King John (a very short silent film starring Herbert Beerbohm Tree) becomes the first known film based on a Shakespeare play.
  • November – The oldest surviving Japanese film, Momijigari, is shot by Tsunekichi Shibata in Tokyo as a record of kabuki actors Onoe Kikugorō V and Ichikawa Danjūrō IX performing a scene from the play Momijigari.
  • November 6 – William Gillette's play Sherlock Holmes, based on the writings of Arthur Conan Doyle, opens in New York City with himself in the title rôle.
  • November 7 (October 26 Old Style) – Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya receives its metropolitan première at the Moscow Art Theatre with Konstantin Stanislavski directing and playing the rôle of Astrov and Olga Knipper as Yeléna.
  • December 12 – Herbert Putnam is appointed Librarian of Congress in the United States, where he will introduce into practice the Library of Congress Classification scheme.
  • December – The imprisoned William Sydney Porter's pseudonym O. Henry first appears over the short story "Whistling Dick's Christmas Stocking" in this month's McClure's Magazine.
  • Curtis Brown (literary agents) established in London by American Albert Curtis Brown.
  • Edgar Rice Burroughs begins working in his father's business.
  • Simon Pokagon's O-gi-maw-kwe Mit-I-gwa-ki (Queen of the Woods) is published, the first novel both by and about Native Americans in the United States.
  • Arthur Machen's wife Amy dies after a long illness, an event that has a devastating effect on him.
  • Lin Shu's first translation into Chinese from a Western text, The Lady of the Camellias as 巴黎茶花女遺事, is published.
  • Leo Tolstoy's last novel, Resurrection («Воскресение», Voskreseniye), is published serially in Niva.
  • First series of the Arden Shakespeare under the general editorship of W. J. Craig begins publication by Methuen in London with an edition of Hamlet edited by Edward Dowden.
  • Fiction

  • Anna Adolph – Arqtiq
  • Victor Anestin – În anul 4000 sau O călătorie la Venus ("In the year 4000, or A trip to Venus")
  • Machado de Assis – Dom Casmurro
  • René Bazin – La terre qui meurt
  • René Boylesve – Demoiselle Cloque
  • Mary Elizabeth Braddon – His Darling Sin
  • Rhoda Broughton – The Game and the Candle
  • Charles Waddell Chesnutt – The Conjure Woman
  • Mary Cholmondeley – Red Pottage
  • Kate Chopin – The Awakening
  • Ralph Connor – The Sky Pilot
  • Joseph Conrad – serializations in Blackwood's Magazine
  • Heart of Darkness (February–April)
  • Lord Jim (October 1899–November 1900)
  • Stephen Crane – The Monster and Other Stories
  • Margaret Deland – Old Chester Tales
  • Maxim Gorky – Foma Gordyeeff
  • G. A. Henty – The Golden Canon
  • E. W. Hornung – The Amateur Cracksman
  • Henry James – The Awkward Age
  • Selma Lagerlöf – The Tale of a Manor (En herrgårdssägen)
  • Octave Mirbeau – The Torture Garden
  • A. E. W. Mason – Man and His Kingdom
  • Arthur Morrison – To London Town
  • Frank Norris
  • Blix
  • McTeague
  • George Paston – A Writer of Books
  • Władysław Reymont – The Promised Land (Ziemia Obiecana; book publication)
  • Somerville and Ross – Some Experiences of an Irish R.M. (collected stories)
  • Leo Tolstoy – Resurrection
  • Juan Valera y Alcalá-Galiano – Morsamor
  • Émile Zola – Fécondité
  • Children and young people

  • Helen Bannerman – Little Black Sambo
  • L. Frank Baum – Father Goose: His Book
  • Tom Bevan – The Thane of the Dean: A Tale of the Time of the Conqueror
  • Géza Gárdonyi – Eclipse of the Crescent Moon (Egri csillagok, Stars of Eger)
  • E. Nesbit – The Story of the Treasure Seekers (first in the Bastable series)
  • Ethel Pedley – Dot and the Kangaroo
  • Josephine Pollard
  • Bible Stories for Children
  • History of The Old Testament in Words of One Syllable
  • History of The New Testament in Words of One Syllable
  • Edward Stratemeyer as Arthur M. Winfield
  • The Rover Boys at School
  • The Rover Boys on the Ocean
  • The Rover Boys in the Jungle (first three in the Rover Boys series of 30 books)
  • Drama

  • Georges Feydeau – La Dame de chez Maxim
  • Clyde Fitch – Barbara Frietchie
  • Leon Kobrin – Minna or, The Ruined Family from Downtown
  • Arthur Wing Pinero – The Gay Lord Quex
  • William Young (adaptation) – Ben-Hur
  • Poetry

  • Stéphane Mallarmé – Poésies (posthumously published)
  • W. B. Yeats – The Wind Amongst the Reeds
  • Non-fiction

  • Qasim Amin – The Liberation of Women
  • Edward Bernstein – Evolutionary Socialism
  • Houston Stewart Chamberlain – The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century (Die Grundlagen des neunzehnten Jahrhunderts)
  • Percy Dearmer – The Parson's Handbook
  • John Dewey – The School and Society
  • Elbert Hubbard – A Message to Garcia
  • Gertrude Jekyll – Wood and Garden
  • Thorstein Veblen – The Theory of the Leisure Class
  • Births

  • January 17 – Nevil Shute (Nevil Shute Norway), English novelist (died 1960)
  • February 3 – Lao She, Chinese author (died 1966)
  • February 23 – Erich Kästner, German children's author (died 1974)
  • March 8 – Eric Linklater, Welsh-born Scottish novelist and travel writer (died 1974)
  • March 19 – Aksel Sandemose, Danish novelist (died 1965)
  • March 25 – Jacques Audiberti, French playwright (died 1965)
  • April 22 – Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-born novelist (died 1977)
  • May 8 – Friedrich Hayek, Austrian-born social scientist (died 1992)
  • May 18 – D. Gwenallt Jones, Welsh poet died 1968)
  • May 24
  • Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bengali poet (died 1976)
  • Henri Michaux, Belgian-born poet, writer and painter (died 1984)
  • June 18 – Eugène Vinaver, Russian-born English literary scholar (died 1979)
  • July 1 – James Lennox Kerr (Peter Dawlish, Gavin Douglas), Scottish novelist and children's writer (died 1963)
  • July 8 – G. B. Edwards, Guernsey-born writer (died 1976)
  • July 11 – E. B. White, American children's writer and writer on style (died 1985)
  • July 21
  • Hart Crane, American poet (died 1932)
  • Ernest Hemingway, American novelist (died 1961)
  • August 9 – P. L. Travers (Helen Lyndon Goff), Australian children's writer (died 1996)
  • August 24 – Jorge Luis Borges, Argentinian writer (died 1986)
  • August 27 – C. S. Forester, Egyptian-born English adventure novelist (died 1966)
  • October 19 - Miguel Ángel Asturias, (died 1974)
  • November 10 – Kate Seredy, Hungarian-born American children's writer and illustrator (died 1975)
  • November 17 – Roger Vitrac, French surrealist playwright and poet (died 1952)
  • December 9 – Jean de Brunhoff, French children's author and illustrator (died 1937)
  • December 16 – Noël Coward, English playwright (died 1973)
  • December 18 – Peter Wessel Zapffe, Norwegian philosopher (died 1990)
  • Unknown date
  • Laurence Meynell (Valerie Baxter, A. Stephen Tring), English novelist and children's writer (died 1989)
  • Deaths

  • February 10 – Archibald Lampman, Canadian poet (born 1861)
  • March 16 – Alexander Balloch Grosart, Scottish literary editor (born 1827)
  • May 1 – Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher (born 1824)
  • May 16 – Francisque Sarcey, French journalist and theater critic (born 1827)
  • June 7 – Augustin Daly, American dramatist and theater manager (born 1838)
  • June 30 – E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (born 1819)
  • July 18 – Horatio Alger, Jr., American novelist and children's author (born 1832)
  • August 27 – Vendela Hebbe, Swedish journalist and novelist (born 1808)
  • August 29 – Catharine Parr Traill, English-born Canadian author (born 1802)
  • October 25 – Grant Allen, Canadian science writer and novelist (born 1848)
  • October 27 – Florence Marryat, English novelist and entertainer (born 1833)
  • November 2 – Anna Swanwick, English feminist writer (born 1813)
  • November 13 – Arthur Giry, French historian (born 1848)
  • December 17 – Bernard Quaritch, German-born English bibliographer and bookseller (born 1819)
  • December 18 – Bonifaciu Florescu, Romanian polygraph (ventricular hypertrophy, born 1848)
  • December 22 – Dwight L. Moody, American preacher and publisher (born 1837)
  • Awards

  • Chancellor's Gold Medal – Arthur Cecil Pigou
  • Newdigate Prize – Harold Edgeworth Butler
  • References

    1899 in literature Wikipedia


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