Neha Patil (Editor)

1899 in Italy

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1899 in Italy

See also: 1898 in Italy, other events of 1899, 1900 in Italy.

Contents

Events from the year 1899 in Italy.

Kingdom of Italy

  • Monarch – Umberto I (1878–1900)
  • Prime Minister - Luigi Pelloux (1898–1900)
  • Events

    The year is marked by the fight over a new coercive Public Safety bill introduced by Prime Minister Luigi Pelloux after the Bava Beccaris massacre in May 1898 in Milan. The Radicals and Socialist start an obstructionist campaign.

    February

  • February 4 – A new coercive Public Safety bill is introduced by the government of Luigi Pelloux and adopted by Parliament. The law made strikes by state employees illegal; gave the executive wider powers to ban public meetings and dissolve subversive organisations; revived the penalties of banishment; and preventive arrest for political offences, and; tightened control of the press by making authors responsible for their articles and declaring incitement to violence a crime. The Radicals and Socialist start an obstructionist campaign using the filibuster: points of order, endless speeches and other procedural delaying tactics.
  • May

  • May 14 – Prime Minister Pelloux resigns over his Chinese policy but forms a new government, the most decisively conservative since 1876.
  • June

  • June 22 – Pelloux's patience with the obstruction to his public safety provisions snaps and he issues an unconstitutional royal decree. More moderate politicians like Giuseppe Zanardelli and Giovanni Giolitti join the opposition.
  • July

  • July 11 – The automobile manufacturer Fiat is established in Turin by a group of investors including Giovanni Agnelli. The company would become the major car making industry of Italy. The first Fiat plant opened in 1900 with 35 staff making 24 cars.
  • Sports

  • December 16 – Soccer club A.C. Milan is founded in Milan by English lace-maker Herbert Kilpin and businessman Alfred Edwards among others.
  • Births

  • January 1 – Randolfo Pacciardi, Italian politician, a member of the Italian Republican Party (PRI) (died 1991)
  • January 23 – Carlo Betocchi, Italian writer (died 1986)
  • March 8 – Giuseppe Bastianini, Italian Fascist politician and diplomat (died 1961)
  • March 11 – Carlo Tamberlani, Italian film actor (died 1980)
  • May 16 – Luigi Fenaroli, Italian botanist and agronomist (died 1980)
  • August 20 – Tullio Cianetti, Italian Fascist politician (died 1976)
  • August 30 – Domenico Pellegrini Giampietro, Italian Fascist academic, economist, and politician (died 1970)
  • September 2 – Francesco Fausto Nitti, Italian journalist and fighter against Fascism (died 1974)
  • September 28 – Achille Campanile, Italian writer, playwright, journalist and television critic (died 1977)
  • September 29 – Ferruccio Ghinaglia, Italian Marxist revolutionary (died 1921)
  • November 10 – Pietro Caruso, Italian Fascist and head of the Italian police during the final part of World War II who organised the massacre in Fosse Ardeatine (died 1944)
  • November 16 – Carlo Rosselli, Italian political leader, journalist, historian and anti-Fascist activist (died 1937)
  • December 18 – Antonio Ligabue, Italian painter (died 1965)
  • December 23 – Aldo Capitini, Italian philosopher, poet, political activist, anti-Fascist and educator (died 1968)
  • Deaths

  • January 15 – Serafino Dubois, Italian chess player (born 1817)
  • May 8 – Giacomo Naretti, Italian architect (born 1831)
  • May 20 – Carlotta Grisi, Italian ballet dancer (born 1819)
  • September 28 – Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter (born 1858)
  • November 17 – Achille Costa, Italian entomologist (born 1823)
  • November 28 – Virginia Oldoini, Countess of Castiglione, Italian aristocrat, better known as La Castiglione, who achieved notoriety as a mistress of Emperor Napoleon III of France (born 1837)
  • December 23 – Marietta Piccolomini, Italian soprano (born 1834)
  • References

    1899 in Italy Wikipedia


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