1882 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
1882 in sports Wikipedia
College championshipCollege football national championship – Yale Bulldogs
EventsAt the 1882 rules meeting, Walter Camp proposes that a team be required to advance the ball a minimum of five yards within three downs. These down-and-distance rules, combined with the already-established line of scrimmage, transform the game from a variation of rugby or association football into the distinct sport of American football.
EnglandFA Cup final – Old Etonians 1–0 Blackburn Rovers at The Oval, the first time that a professional club has reached the final
Tottenham Hotspur founded as Hotspur FC by members of the Hotspur Cricket Club in Tottenham.
Ireland18 February — Ireland makes its international debut, losing 13–0 to England in Belfast. Ireland is the world's fourth international team following England, Scotland and Wales.
ScotlandScottish Cup final – Queen's Park 4–1 Dumbarton (replay following a 2–2 draw)
EventsCharles G Tebbutt of the Bury Fen bandy club is responsible for the first published rules of bandy and also for introducing the game into the Netherlands and Sweden, as well as elsewhere in England.
National championshipNational League v. American Association – Chicago White Stockings (NL) 1–1 Cincinnati Reds (AA)
EventsFoundation of Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates and St. Louis Cardinals
The American Association opens in six southerly cities from St. Louis to Philadelphia, a new professional baseball league that will rival the NL.
The National League completes two years with one circuit, eight northerly cities from Chicago to Boston.
Events7 February — John L. Sullivan defeats Paddy Ryan in nine rounds at Mississippi City to claim the Heavyweight Championship of America. Apart from Sullivan's famous 1889 fight against Jake Kilrain, this is the last major bareknuckle contest fought under London Prize Ring Rules. Sullivan will increasingly fight under Queensberry Rules from now on using gloves and will become the first generally recognised World Heavyweight Champion from 1885.
EventsEngland, led by Alfred Shaw, tours Australia and plays a four-match Test series. Australia wins the series 2–0.
8 April (approx.) — formation of Warwickshire County Cricket Club at a meeting in Coventry
10 May — formation of Durham County Cricket Club
8, 9 & 10 June — Somerset County Cricket Club plays its inaugural first-class match v. Lancashire at Old Trafford and joins the County Championship, but for only four seasons initially.
28 & 29 August — England v. Australia at The Oval (only Test of the season). Australia wins the most famous match in history by 7 runs with F. R. Spofforth, the original "Demon Bowler", taking 7–46 and 7–44. Soon afterwards, The Sporting Times prints its legendary obituary notice:
In Affectionate Remembrance
which died at the Oval
29th AUGUST, 1882,
Deeply lamented by a large circle of sorrowing
friends and acquaintances
N.B.—The body will be cremated and the
ashes taken to Australia.
EnglandChampion County – Lancashire and Nottinghamshire share the title
Most runs – Billy Murdoch 1,582 @ 31.64 (HS 286*)
Most wickets – Ted Peate 214 @ 11.52 (BB 8–32)
AustraliaMost runs – Billy Murdoch 679 @ 61.72 (HS 321)
Most wickets – Joey Palmer 47 @ 21.55 (BB 7–46)
Major tournamentsBritish Open – Bob Ferguson
EnglandGrand National – Seaman
1,000 Guineas Stakes – St. Marguerite
2,000 Guineas Stakes – Shotover
Epsom Derby – Shotover
Epsom Oaks – Geheimniss
St. Leger Stakes – Dutch Oven
AustraliaMelbourne Cup – The Assyrian
CanadaQueen's Plate – Fanny Wiser
IrelandIrish Grand National – Chantilly
Irish Derby Stakes – Sortie
USAKentucky Derby – Apollo
Preakness Stakes – Vanguard
Belmont Stakes – Forester
EventsThe first high school lacrosse teams are formed: Phillips Academy, Phillips Exeter Academy and the Lawrenceville School.
Seven colleges form the first Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (ILA), which was later replaced by the Intercollegiate Lacrosse League in 1905 (which was renamed the U.S. Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association in 1929).
The Boat Race1 April — Oxford wins the 39th Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race
EnglandLeicester Rowing Club was formed
EventsFoundation of Waterloo R.F.C.
EnglandWimbledon Men's Singles Championship – William Renshaw (GB) defeats Ernest Renshaw (GB) 6–1 2–6 4–6 6–2 6–2
USAAmerican Men's Singles Championship – Richard D. Sears (USA) defeats Clarence M. Clark (USA) 6–1 6–4 6–0
WorldThe 6th pre-open era 1882 Men's Tennis season gets underway 43 tournaments are staged this year.