|Covid-19|January 1 – First annual volume of The Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris, produced by British Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, gives navigators the means to find longitude at sea using tables of lunar distance.
January 9 – William Tryon, governor of the Royal Colony of North Carolina, signs a contract with architect John Hawks to build Tryon Palace, a lavish Georgian style governor's mansion on the New Bern waterfront.
April 2 – Suppression of the Society of Jesus in the Spanish Empire and Kingdom of Naples.
April 7 – Troops of the Burmese Konbaung Dynasty sack the Siamese city of Ayutthaya, ending the Burmese–Siamese War (1765–67) and bringing the four-century-old Ayutthaya Kingdom to an end.
June 17 – British Royal Navy Captain Samuel Wallis becomes the first European to visit the island of Tahiti in the Pacific Ocean, during HMS Dolphin's second circumnavigation; he also sights Mehetia.
The Pitcairn Island in the Pacific Ocean is sighted from HMS Swallow by 15-year-old Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on a British Royal Navy expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret, the first definite European sighting.
Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is first published.
August 26 – Construction begins on Tryon Palace in New Bern, North Carolina. The construction proves more expensive than initially expected, leading the government to increase local taxes. This stirs resentment among some North Carolinians and helps prolong the War of the Regulation.
Autumn – North Carolina woodsman Daniel Boone goes through the Cumberland Gap and reaches Kentucky, in defiance of the Royal Proclamation of 1763 issued by George III of Great Britain. He discovers a rich hunting ground, contested by several Native American tribes.
January 8 – Jean-Baptiste Say, French economist, originator of Say's law (d. 1832)
February 2 – Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link, German naturalist and botanist (d. 1851)
March 15 – Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States (d. 1845)
March 25 – Joachim Murat, French marshal and King of Naples (d. 1815)
April 25 – Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (d. 1847)
May 12 – Manuel de Godoy, Spanish statesman (d. 1851)
May 15 – Ezekiel Hart, Canadian entrepreneur & politician (d. 1843)
June 15 – Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson, wife of 7th President of the United States Andrew Jackson. She died before she could serve as First Lady. (d. 1828)
June 24 – Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès, French geographer, author and translator (d. 1846)
July 4 – Kyokutei Bakin, Japanese author (d. 1848)
July 12 – John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States, son of John Adams and Abigail Adams (d. 1848)
July 28 – James A. Bayard (elder), U.S. Senator from Delaware (d. 1815)
August 24 – Bernhard Meyer, German physician and ornithologist (d. 1836)
August 25 – Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, French revolutionary (d.1794)
September 20 – José Maurício Nunes Garcia, Brazilian composer (d. 1830)
October 25 – Benjamin Constant, Swiss writer (d. 1830)
November 2 – Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, member of the British Royal Family (d. 1820)
November 20 – Andreas Hofer, Austrian national hero (d. 1810)
December 3 – Antoine Fabre d'Olivet, French writer (d. 1825)
Black Hawk, Sauk Indian Chief and autobiographer b. Saukenuk village (now Rock Island, Illinois) (d. 1838)
Marianna Malińska, Polish ballerina (d. 1797)
January 7 – Thomas Clap, first president of Yale University (b. 1703)
January 22 – Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German mineralogist and geologist (b. 1719)
March 7 – Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, French colonizer and Governor of Louisiana (b. 1680)
March 13 – Maria Josepha of Saxony, Dauphine of France (b. 1731) (tuberculosis)
April 7 – Franz Sparry, composer (b. 1715)
May 26 – Prince Frederick Henry of Prussia (b. 1747) (smallpox)
May 28 – Maria Josepha of Bavaria (b. 1739) (smallpox)
June 25 – Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (b. 1681)
September 4 – Charles Townshend, English politician (b. 1725)
October 15 – Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria (b. 1751) (smallpox)
October 16 – Burkhard Christoph von Münnich, Russian military leader (b. 1683)
December 1 – Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (b. 1710)
December 22 – John Newbery, English publisher (b. 1713)
December 28 – Emerich de Vattel, Swiss philosopher (b. 1714)
Firmin Abauzit, French scientist (b. 1679)
Blas María de la Garza Falcón, Spanish settler of Texas (b. 1712)
Marie Anne Victoire Pigeon, French mathematician (b. 1724)
1767 (MDCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1767th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 767th year of the 2nd millennium, the 67th year of the 18th century, and the 8th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1767, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.