This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1749.
February - The second part of John Cleland's erotic novel Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure) is published in London. The author is released from debtor's prison in March. The Church of England asks the Secretary of State to "stop the progress of this vile Book, which is an open insult upon Religion and good manners." In November, Cleland is arrested and charged with "corrupting the King's subjects."
February 28 - Henry Fielding's comic novel The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling is published in London by Andrew Millar who pays the author £700. It reaches its 4th edition by the end of the year. Also this year, Fielding becomes magistrate at Bow Street, and first enlists the help of the Bow Street Runners, an early police force.
April 12 - Official opening of the circular Radcliffe Library in Oxford, designed by James Gibbs.
Sarah Fielding's novel The Governess, or Little Female Academy, generally seen as the first school story, is published in London.
Élie Catherine Fréron's journal Lettres de la comtesse de... is suppressed but he immediately replaces it by Lettres sur quelques écrits de ce temps.
Oliver Goldsmith graduates from Trinity College, Dublin.
Joseph Ames - Typographical Antiquities
George Berkeley - A Word to the Wise
John Brown - On Liberty
William Rufus Chetwood - A General History of the Stage
John Cleland - The Case of the Unfortunate Bosavern Penlez
John Gilbert Cooper - The Life of Socrates
The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
The True State of the Case of Bosavern Penlez (in reply to Cleland)
Sarah Fielding – Remarks on 'Clarissa'
David Hartley - Observations on Man, his Frame, his Duty, and his Expectations (psychology)
Eliza Haywood - Dalinda (novel)
Aaron Hill - Gideon
William Law - The Spirit of Prayer
William Mason - Isis
Lauritz de Thurah - Den Danske Vitruvius, volume II
Henry St. John - Letters on the Spirit of Patriotism
John Wesley - A Plain Account of the People Called Methodists
Gilbert West - Odes of Pindar
Benito Jerónimo Feijjo - Justa repulsa de inicuas acusaciones
Blas Antonio Nasarre - Disertación sobre las comedias españolas
Francisco de Soto y Marne - Reflexiones criticoapologéticas
Diego de Torres Villarroel - Vida ejemplar y virtudes heroicas del venerable padre D. Jerónimo Abarrátegui y Figueroa
1749 in literature Wikipedia
Sarah Fielding – The Governess, or The Little Female AcademyAnonymous - Tittle Tattle (adaptation of Swift's Genteel and Ingenious Conversations)
William Hawkins - Henry and Rosamund
Aaron Hill - Meropé
Samuel Johnson - Irene
Moses Mendes - The Chaplet (musical, with music by William Boyce)
Tobias Smollett - The Regicide
Alexander Sumarokov - Khorev
James Thomson - Coriolanus
Voltaire - Nanine
William Collins - Ode Occasion'd by the death of Mr. Thomson
Thomas Cooke - An Ode on Beauty
Samuel Johnson - The Vanity of Human Wishes: The tenth satire of Juvenal, imitated
Henry Jones - Poems
January 13 – Maler Müller (Friedrich Müller), German lyricist, dramatist and painter (died 1825)
April 19 – Ōta Nampo (Ōta Tan), Japanese comic poet and painter (died 1823)
May 4 – Charlotte Turner Smith, English poet and novelist (died 1806)
August 28 – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, scholar and novelist (died 1832)
December 19 – Alethea Lewis (Eugenia de Acton), English novelist (died 1827)
December 25 – Samuel Jackson Pratt, English poet, playwright and novelist (died 1814)
Unknown date – Wang Yun, Chinese poet and playwright (died 1819)
January 22 – Matthew Concanen, Irish poet, playwright and lawyer (born 1701)
May – Samuel Boyse, Irish poet (born 1702/3)
June 18 – Ambrose Philips, English poet and politician (born 1675)
August 13 – Johann Elias Schlegel, German critic and dramatic poet (born 1719)
September 10 – Émilie du Châtelet, French scientific writer and translator (born 1706)