Rahul Sharma (Editor)

1662

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1662

1662 (MDCLXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Julian calendar, the 1662nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 662nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1660s decade. As of the start of 1662, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

January–June

  • January 23 – Battle of Nagyszőllős: János Kemény of Transylvania is killed.
  • February 1 – The Chinese general Koxinga seizes the Dutch Fort Zeelandia on the island of Taiwan after a 9-month siege, then establishes the Kingdom of Tungning. In response, the Kangxi Emperor of the mainland Qing dynasty migrates all residents along the southern coast by 50 miles.
  • March 18 – A short-lived experiment of the first public buses (holding 8 passengers) begins in Paris.
  • May 3 – John Winthrop the Younger, the son of the first governor of Massachusetts, is honoured by being made a fellow of the Royal Society, England's new scientific society. Winthrop uses his election to the Society to gain access to the king, who grants him a new charter uniting the colonies of Connecticut and New Haven.
  • May 9 – Samuel Pepys witnesses a Punch and Judy show in London (the first on record).
  • May 16 – The Hearth tax is introduced in England, Wales and Scotland.
  • May 30 – Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England; as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England.
  • July–December

  • July 15 – The Royal Society receives an official charter in London.
  • August 24 – The Act of Uniformity is introduced, making mandatory in the Church of England the forms of worship prescribed in the new edition of the Book of Common Prayer. This is followed by the Great Ejection of over 2000 clergy who refuse to take the required oath of conformity to the established church.
  • October 27 – Charles II of England sells Dunkirk to France for £400,000 (2.5 million French livres).
  • November – Zheng Jing claims the Kingdom of Tungning.
  • November 28 – The Royal Society holds its first meeting.
  • December 20 – Nicolas Fouquet is sentenced to banishment.
  • December 26 – Molière's play The School for Wives premières in Paris.
  • Date unknown

  • Robert Boyle publishes Nova experimenta physico-mechanica in Oxford (2nd edition), setting forth the law bearing his name.
  • Joan Blaeu publishes Atlas Maior, sive cosmographia Blaviana in Amsterdam (first complete edition, 11 volumes in Latin).
  • Milton, Massachusetts is incorporated as a town.
  • John Graunt, in one of the earliest uses of statistics, publishes statistical information about births and deaths in London.
  • The Akademie der Bildenden Künste Nürnberg is founded in Germany.
  • The dodo bird goes extinct.
  • Births

  • January 1 – Balaji Vishwanath, Peshwa of the Maratha Empire (d. 1720)
  • January 4 – Jeanne Le Ber, Religious recluse (d. 1714)
  • January 6 – Robert Sutton, 2nd Baron Lexinton, English diplomat (d. 1723)
  • January 9 – John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle (d. 1711)
  • January 12 – Samuel Shute, Governor of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire (d. 1742)
  • January 17 – Françoise Pitel, French actor (d. 1721)
  • January 25 – Luís da Cunha, Ambassador of Portugal (d. 1749)
  • January 27 – Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (d. 1742)
  • February 9 – Paolo de Matteis, Italian painter (d. 1728)
  • February 15 – James Renwick, Scottish minister and Covenanter martyr (d. 1688)
  • March 1 – Giovanni Carlo Aliberti, Italian painter (d. 1740)
  • March 8 – Augustus William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1731)
  • March 9 – Franz Anton von Sporck, German noble (d. 1738)
  • March 10 – Francis Pierrepont, English politician (d. 1693)
  • March 15 – Gabriel Álvarez de Toledo, Royal Librarian of King Felipe V of Spain (d. 1714)
  • March 19 – Johann, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg (d. 1698)
  • March 20 – Giuseppe Averani, Italian jurist and naturalist (d. 1738)
  • March 29 – Tsarevna Feodosia Alekseyevna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia (d. 1713)
  • April 9 – Edward Hawarden (d. 1735)
  • April 9 – William Conolly, Irish politician (d. 1729)
  • April 11 – Louise Sophie of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Countess (d. 1751)
  • April 13 – Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach, Electress of Saxony (d. 1696)
  • April 26 – Francisco Bances Candamo, playwright (d. 1704)
  • April 26 – Marie Louise of Orléans (d. 1689)
  • April 30 – Mary II of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1694)
  • May 3 – Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, German architect (d. 1737)
  • May 18 – George Smalridge, English Bishop of Bristol (d. 1719)
  • June 3 – Willem van Mieris, Dutch painter (d. 1747)
  • June 6 – Mannus Riedesel, German architect (d. 1726)
  • June 7 – Celia Fiennes, travel writers (d. 1741)
  • June 11 – Tokugawa Ienobu, Edo shogun (d. 1712)
  • June 18 – Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland (d. 1730)
  • July 1 – Béatrice Hiéronyme de Lorraine, Abbess of Remiremont (d. 1738)
  • July 1 – John Dolben, British politician (d. 1710)
  • July 11 – Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1726)
  • July 20 – Andrea Brustolon, Italian artist (d. 1732)
  • August 3 – Countess Sophie Henriette of Waldeck, Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen (d. 1702)
  • August 5 – James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)
  • August 10 – Charles Boit, enameller, miniature painter (d. 1727)
  • August 12 – Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland, German physician (d. 1836)
  • August 13 – Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, English politician (d. 1748)
  • August 25 – John Leverett the Younger, Massachusetts colonial judge; president of Harvard (d. 1724)
  • August 28 – Maria Aurora von Königsmarck, Swedish noblewoman of Brandenburg extraction (d. 1728)
  • August 29 – Sebastiano Mocenigo, Doge of Venice (d. 1732)
  • September 1 – Louis de Carrières, French priest and Bible commentator (d. 1717)
  • September 19 – Jean-Paul Bignon, French priest and man of letters (d. 1743)
  • October 3 – Alessandro, Marquis de Maffei, Italian Lieutenant General of Infantry in Bavarian service (d. 1730)
  • October 6 – William Walsh, English/British politician (d. 1708)
  • October 14 – William Fairfield, Massachusetts (d. 1742)
  • October 17 – Arthur Rawdon (d. 1695)
  • October 18 – Matthew Henry, English commentator on the Bible and Presbyterian minister (d. 1714)
  • October 19 – William Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (d. 1728)
  • November 2 – Johan Cronman, Swedish general (d. 1737)
  • November 7 – Pierre Fatio, Swiss politician (d. 1707)
  • November 11 – Alexander Pendarves, British politician (d. 1726)
  • November 11 – John Chesshyre, English lawyer (d. 1738)
  • November 12 – Francesco Barberini, Catholic cardinal (d. 1738)
  • November 18 – Princess Anne Élisabeth of France (d. 1662)
  • November 19 – John Campbell, 2nd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish politician (d. 1752)
  • November 29 – Heinrich X, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (d. 1711)
  • November 30 – Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada, Catholic cardinal (d. 1743)
  • December 13 – Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1729)
  • December 17 – Samuel Wesley, English poet and father of the Wesley brothers (d. 1735)
  • December 18 – James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (d. 1711)
  • December 24 – Adam Zrinski, Croatian count and military officer (d. 1691)
  • Deaths

  • January 10 – Honoré II, Prince of Monaco (b. 1597)
  • February 9 – Judith Quiney, daughter of William Shakespeare (b. 1585)
  • February 13 – Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia (b. 1596)
  • March 10 – Samuel Hartlib, British scholar (b. 1600)
  • March 17 – Jerome Weston, 2nd Earl of Portland (b. 1605)
  • March 20 – François le Métel de Boisrobert, French poet (b. 1592)
  • April 14 – William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman (b. 1582)
  • April 8 – Birgitte Thott, Danish scholar, writer and translator (b. 1610)
  • April 22 – John Tradescant the Younger, botanist (b. 1608)
  • May 7 – Lucrezia Orsina Vizzana, Italian singer and composer (b. 1590)
  • May 23 – John Gauden, English bishop and writer (b. 1605)
  • June 1 – Zhu Youlang, Prince of Gui, the Yongli Emperor, the 4th and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China (b. 1623)
  • June 14 – Henry Vane the Younger, British Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1613)
  • July 14 – Camilla Faà, secret wife of the Duke of Mantua (b. c. 1599)
  • July 16 – Alfonso IV d'Este, Duke of Modena (b. 1634)
  • August 19 – Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1623)
  • September 3 – William Lenthall, English politician (b. 1591)
  • September 22 – John Biddle, English theologian (b. 1615)
  • October 21 – Henry Lawes, English composer (b. 1595)
  • November 12 – Adriaen van de Venne, Dutch painter (b. 1589)
  • November 20 – Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
  • December 20 – Axel Lillie, Swedish politician (b. 1603)
  • December 30 – Ferdinand Charles, Archduke of Austria, regent of the Tyrol and Further Austria (b. 1628)
  • References

    1662 Wikipedia


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