Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1571

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1571

Year 1571 (MDLXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

January–June

  • January 11 – The Austrian nobility are granted freedom of religion.
  • January 23 – The Royal Exchange opens in London, England.
  • March 18 – The Order of the Knights of Saint John transfer the capital of Malta from Birgu to Valletta.
  • May 24 – Moscow is burnt by the Crimean army under Devlet I Giray.
  • June 3 – Following conquest of the Kingdom of Maynila, Spanish Conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi makes Manila a city and the capital of the Philippines.
  • June 25 – Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Horncastle, is founded in Lincolnshire, England.
  • June 27 – Establishment of Jesus College "within the City and University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeth's foundation" in England by Welsh cleric and lawyer Hugh Price.
  • July–December

  • July 25 – St Olave's Grammar School is founded in Tooley Street, London.
  • August 1 – Ottoman conquest of Cyprus is concluded by the surrender of Famagusta. Cyprus is established as an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire and the first Turkish colony moves into the island.
  • August 29 – Foundation of Liliw, Laguna, Philippines, by Gat Tayaw, followers and residents as a municipality of Laguna.
  • September 28 – The House of Commons of England introduces the first pro forma bill, symbolizing its authority over its own affairs.
  • October 7 – Battle of Lepanto: Spanish, Venetian, and Papal naval forces under Don John of Austria defeat the Turkish fleet of Ali Monizindade Pasha.
  • Date unknown

  • Using mercury in the silver extraction process dramatically increases the output of the Potosí mine; thus begins the great silver flow that links the New and Old Worlds.
  • Births

  • January 9 – Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy, French soldier in Habsburg service (d. 1621)
  • January 27 – Abbas I of Safavid, Shah of Iran (d. 1629)
  • February 15 – Michael Praetorius, German composer and writer on music (d. 1621)
  • March 31 – Pietro Aldobrandini, Cardinal, archbishop (d. 1621)
  • April 17 – Adam Contzen, German economist (d. 1635)
  • April 22 – Giovanni Branca, Italian architect and engineer (d. 1645)
  • April 24 – Sur Singh, Ruler of Marwar (d. 1619)
  • May 11 – Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (d. 1637)
  • June 17 – Thomas Mun, English writer on economics (d. 1641)
  • July 16 – Theodoor Galle, engraver (d. 1633)
  • August 2 – Charles, Duke of Guise, son of Henry I (d. 1640)
  • September 12 – Álvaro de Bazán, 2nd Marquis of Santa Cruz (d. 1646)
  • September 21 – Giovanni Battista Magnani, Italian architect (d. 1653)
  • September 29 – Caravaggio, Venetian artist (d. 1610)
  • October 7
  • Anton Henry, Count of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (1586–1638) (d. 1638)
  • Maria, Abbess of Quedlinburg, German abbess (d. 1610)
  • October 15 – Jacob Matham, Dutch artist (d. 1631)
  • October 18 – Wolfgang Ratke, German educational reformer (d. 1635)
  • November 18 – Hippolytus Guarinonius, physician and polymath (d. 1654)
  • December 4 – Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias, Spanish prince (d. 1578)
  • December 9 – Metius, Dutch mathematician and astronomer (d. 1635)
  • December 20
  • Giles de Coninck, Jesuit theologian (d. 1633)
  • Scévole de Sainte-Marthe, French historian (d. 1650)
  • December 27 – Johannes Kepler, German astronomer (d. 1630)
  • December 31 – Emperor Go-Yōzei, of Japan (d. 1617)
  • date unknown
  • Henry Ainsworth, English Nonconformist clergyman and scholar (d. 1622)
  • William Bedell, Anglican churchman (d. 1642)
  • Willem Blaeu, Dutch cartographer (d. 1638)
  • Frederick de Houtman, Dutch explorer (d. 1627)
  • Hugh Roe O'Donnell, Irish chieftain and rebel (d. 1603)
  • Aleksander Ostrogski, Polish nobleman (d. 1603)
  • Alessandro Peretti di Montalto, Venetian cardinal (d. 1623)
  • Thomas Storer, English poet (d. 1604)
  • Thomas Wintour, English Gunpowder Plot conspirator (d. 1606)
  • Paulus Moreelse, Dutch painter (d. 1638)
  • Lucrezia Marinella, Italian poet and author (d. 1653)
  • Deaths

  • January 3 – Joachim II Hector, Elector of Brandenburg (b. 1505)
  • January 9 – Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
  • February 12 – Nicholas Throckmorton, English diplomat and politician (b. 1515)
  • February 13 – Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (b. 1500)
  • March 6 – Tsukahara Bokuden, Japanese swordsman (b. 1489)
  • March 21 – Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (b. 1517)
  • March 21 – Hans Asper, Swiss painter (b. 1499)
  • April 6 – John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician (b. 1511)
  • May 4 – Pierre Viret, Swiss theologian (b. 1511)
  • June 1 – John Story, English Catholic (martyred) (b. 1504)
  • July 6 – Mōri Motonari, Japanese warlord (b. 1497)
  • July 15 – Shimazu Takahisa, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1514)
  • July 17 – Georg Fabricius, German poet (b. 1516)
  • September 4 – Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox (b. 1516)
  • October 7 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, consort of Christian III of Denmark (b. 1511)
  • date unknown
  • Titu Cusi, Incan ruler (b. 1529)
  • Jan Tarło, Polish nobleman
  • References

    1571 Wikipedia


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