Supriya Ghosh (Editor)


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Year 1271 (MCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



  • July 2 – Kings Otakar II of Bohemia and Stephen V of Hungary sign the first Peace of Pressburg, settling territorial claims following the failed invasion of Hungary by Otakar II.
  • September 1 – Pope Gregory X succeeds Pope Clement IV as the 184th pope, as the compromise candidate between French and Italian cardinals, ending a 3-year conclave, the longest ever.
  • The County of Toulouse is returned to the crown of France.
  • Marco Polo departs from Venice with his father and uncle on his famous journey to Kublai Khan's China.
  • The construction of Caerphilly Castle, the largest in Wales, is completed.
  • Construction of the Belaya Vezha in Belarus is begun.
  • North Africa and the Middle East

  • April 8 – Mamluk sultan Baibars continues his territorial expansion, capturing the strategically important castle Krak des Chevaliers from the Knights Hospitaller in present-day Syria.
  • Mamluk sultan Baibars conducts an unsuccessful siege of the city of Tripoli, and also fails in an attempted naval invasion of Cyprus.
  • Edward I of England and Charles of Anjou arrive in Acre, starting the Ninth Crusade against Baibars; however, they are unable to capture any territory and a peace is quickly negotiated.
  • Asia

  • September 12 – Nichiren was nearly beheaded. This incident, known as Hosshaku Kempon or "casting off the transient and revealing the true,", is regarded as a turning point of Nichiren’s teachings within the various schools known as Nichiren Buddhism.
  • December 18 – Kublai Khan renames his empire "Yuan" (元 yuán), officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of China.
  • The Nakhi kingdom of the northern Himalayan foothills is annexed by the Yuan Dynasty.
  • Births

  • September 8 – Charles Martel of Anjou, son of Charles II of Naples (d. 1295)
  • September 27 – King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Poland (d. 1305)
  • November 5 – Mahmud Ghazan, Mongol ruler (d. 1304)
  • Emperor Bing of Song (d. 1279)
  • Elizabeth of Aragon, queen of Denis of Portugal (d. 1336)
  • Mikhail Yaroslavich, Grand Prince of Vladimir (d. 1318)
  • Duke Rudolph II of Austria (d. 1290)
  • Deaths

  • January 18 – Saint Margaret of Hungary (b. 1242)
  • January 28 – Isabella of Aragon, queen of Philip III of France (b. 1247)
  • March 13 – Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
  • July 28 – Walter de Burgh, 1st Earl of Ulster (b. 1220)
  • August 21 – Alphonse, Count of Poitiers, son of Louis VIII of France (b. 1220)
  • August 25 – Joan, Countess of Toulouse (b. 1271)
  • September 9 – Yaroslav of Tver, Grand Duke of Vladimir
  • October 17 – Steinvör Sighvatsdóttir, Icelandic aristocrat and poet
  • Haji Bektash Veli, Khorasanian mystic (b. 1209)
  • Richard de Grey, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
  • Baraq, khan of the Chagatai Khanate
  • References

    1271 Wikipedia

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