|Covid-19|The Almohads conquer Mahdia from the Normans after an important naval success near the city against Christian reenforcement coming from Sicily.
A commercial treaty between the Almohad caliphate and the Republic of Pisa opens the North African ports to Tuscan merchants.
The Heiji Rebellion continues in Japan. Some 500 Minamoto rebels opposed to the retired emperor Go-Shirakawa carry out a daring raid on the Sanjo Palace.
Yasovarman II succeeds his uncle Dharanindravarman as ruler of the Khmer Empire. Dharanindravarman's son Jayavarman acquiesces to his cousin's succession and goes into exile in neighboring Champa.
Reynald of Chatillon is arrested by the Muslims.
February 3 – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa takes Crema, Italy following a cruel siege, as part of his campaign against the independent Italian city-states.
May 18 – Erik Jedvardsson is murdered, after which his murderer Magnus Henriksen proclaims himself king of Sweden. He is murdered in turn the following year, however. Eric is soon worshipped as a saint. Though never formally canonized by the pope, he eventually becomes the patron saint of Sweden.
Large Portuguese offensive in the Alentejo against the Muslims.
The city of Tomar is founded in Portugal by Gualdim Pais.
Spital am Semmering is founded by Margrave Ottokar III of Styria.
A plot of land at Miholjanec is donated to the Knights Templar, who build a monastery in nearby Zdelia; this is the earliest historical mention of the Templars in Croatia and Hungary.
The Derby School is founded at Derby, England.
October 4 – Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. c. 1220)
Yaqub, Almohad Caliph, ruler of Morocco (d. 1199)
John de Courcy, Earl of Ulster (d. 1219)
Rabbi David Kimhi, biblical commentator (d. 1235)
Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (d. 1218)
Taira no Noritsune, Japanese warrior (d. 1185)
Geoffrey of Villehardouin, French chronicler (d. c. (1212)
Ibn al-Athir, Anatolian historian (d. 1233)
Sibylla of Jerusalem, daughter of Almaric I and Agnes of Courtenay (d. 1190)
Dulce, Queen of Portugal, spouse of King Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1198)
Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din, the second emir of Damascus.
Robin Hood, a heroic outlaw in English folklore (d. 1247)
Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen (d. 1218)
February 11 – Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
May 18 – Eric Jedvardsson, king of Sweden since 1156 (b. c. 1120)
October 4 – Constance of Castile, Queen of France (b. 1141)
Al-Muqtafi, Caliph of Baghdad
Dharanindravarman II, ruler of the Khmer Empire
Helena of Skövde, Swedish local saint (b. 1101)
Minamoto no Yoshihira, Japanese warrior (b. 1140)
Peter Lombard, French scholastic philosopher (b. c. 1100)
Raymond du Puy, the first Grand Master of the Order of the Knights Hospitaller. (b. c.1083)
Year 1160 (MCLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.