Rahul Sharma (Editor)

1160

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Year 1160 (MCLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Africa

  • The Almohads conquer Mahdia from the Normans after an important naval success near the city against Christian reenforcement coming from Sicily.
  • A commercial treaty between the Almohad caliphate and the Republic of Pisa opens the North African ports to Tuscan merchants.
  • Asia

  • The Heiji Rebellion continues in Japan. Some 500 Minamoto rebels opposed to the retired emperor Go-Shirakawa carry out a daring raid on the Sanjo Palace.
  • Yasovarman II succeeds his uncle Dharanindravarman as ruler of the Khmer Empire. Dharanindravarman's son Jayavarman acquiesces to his cousin's succession and goes into exile in neighboring Champa.
  • Reynald of Chatillon is arrested by the Muslims.
  • Europe

  • February 3 – Emperor Frederick Barbarossa takes Crema, Italy following a cruel siege, as part of his campaign against the independent Italian city-states.
  • May 18 – Erik Jedvardsson is murdered, after which his murderer Magnus Henriksen proclaims himself king of Sweden. He is murdered in turn the following year, however. Eric is soon worshipped as a saint. Though never formally canonized by the pope, he eventually becomes the patron saint of Sweden.
  • Large Portuguese offensive in the Alentejo against the Muslims.
  • The city of Tomar is founded in Portugal by Gualdim Pais.
  • Spital am Semmering is founded by Margrave Ottokar III of Styria.
  • A plot of land at Miholjanec is donated to the Knights Templar, who build a monastery in nearby Zdelia; this is the earliest historical mention of the Templars in Croatia and Hungary.
  • Education

  • The Derby School is founded at Derby, England.
  • Births

  • October 4 – Alys, Countess of the Vexin, daughter of Louis VII of France (d. c. 1220)
  • Yaqub, Almohad Caliph, ruler of Morocco (d. 1199)
  • John de Courcy, Earl of Ulster (d. 1219)
  • Rabbi David Kimhi, biblical commentator (d. 1235)
  • Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader (d. 1218)
  • Taira no Noritsune, Japanese warrior (d. 1185)
  • Geoffrey of Villehardouin, French chronicler (d. c. (1212)
  • Ibn al-Athir, Anatolian historian (d. 1233)
  • Sibylla of Jerusalem, daughter of Almaric I and Agnes of Courtenay (d. 1190)
  • Dulce, Queen of Portugal, spouse of King Sancho I of Portugal (d. 1198)
  • Al-Afdal ibn Salah ad-Din, the second emir of Damascus.
  • Robin Hood, a heroic outlaw in English folklore (d. 1247)
  • Berthold V, Duke of Zähringen (d. 1218)
  • Deaths

  • February 11 – Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
  • May 18 – Eric Jedvardsson, king of Sweden since 1156 (b. c. 1120)
  • October 4 – Constance of Castile, Queen of France (b. 1141)
  • date unknown
  • Al-Muqtafi, Caliph of Baghdad
  • Dharanindravarman II, ruler of the Khmer Empire
  • Helena of Skövde, Swedish local saint (b. 1101)
  • Minamoto no Yoshihira, Japanese warrior (b. 1140)
  • Peter Lombard, French scholastic philosopher (b. c. 1100)
  • Raymond du Puy, the first Grand Master of the Order of the Knights Hospitaller. (b. c.1083)
  • References

    1160 Wikipedia


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