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1077

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1077

Year 1077 (MLXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Africa

  • The Almoravids complete the conquest of the Ghana Empire, and reach Spain.
  • Asia

  • The Seljuk Turks capture Nicaea.
  • Suleyman I of Rûm becomes the leader of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm in modern Turkey.
  • Anushtegin Gharchai becomes, as a Seljuk vassal, leader of the Khwarezmid Empire.
  • Europe

  • January 26 – Walk to Canossa: Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, visits Pope Gregory VII as a penitent, asking him to remove sentence of excommunication.
  • January 28 – The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted.
  • April 3
  • The first Parliament of Friuli is created.
  • Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor grants the county of Friuli, with ducal status, to Sigaerd, Patriarch of Aquileia.
  • Robert Curthose instigates his first insurrection against his father, William the Conqueror, in Normandy.
  • The kingdom of Duklja is founded.
  • The first recorded Trial by combat is held in England.
  • Vsevolod of Kiev becomes the prince of Kievan Rus'.
  • Alfonso VI of Castile conquers Coria.
  • Pope Gregory VII places the island of Corsica under the secular rule of the archbishop of Pisa.
  • Hugh of Burgundy supports the king of Aragon in his conquest of the castle of Muñones from the emir of Zaragossa.
  • Arts

  • The Bayeux Tapestry is made.
  • Religion

  • The first English Cluniac Benedictine priory is established, at Lewes.
  • Paul of Caen is installed as Abbot of St Albans in England; the building of St Albans Abbey Church commences.
  • Pope Christodolos of Alexandria ends his reign as Coptic Pope.
  • Dionysius V Lazaros becomes Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch.
  • Births

  • Joseph ibn Migash, rabbi (d. 1141)
  • Deaths

  • April 25 – Géza I of Hungary
  • Agnes of Poitou, wife of Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor and regent (b. 1020)
  • King Anawrahta of Burma (b. 1044)
  • Abu'l-Fadl Bayhaqi, Persian historian and author (b. 995)
  • Shao Yong, Chinese philosopher, cosmologist, poet and historian (b. 1011)
  • Zhang Zai, Chinese Neo-Confucian moral philosopher and cosmologist (b. 1020)
  • References

    1077 Wikipedia


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