Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1075

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Year 1075 (MLXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Events

  • February – Pope Gregory VII holds a council that publishes a decree against lay investiture.
  • April – Pope Gregory VII publishes the Dictatus papae (Sayings of the Pope, aka the Dictates of Hildebrand), in which he asserts papal authority over earthly as well as spiritual rulers.
  • Revolt of the Earls: Three earls rebel against William I of England (William the Conqueror), in the last serious act of resistance to the Norman Conquest.
  • First Battle of Langensalza: Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Saxon nobles and subjugates Saxony.
  • The Liao dynasty version of the Buddhist Tripiṭaka is completed (approximate date).
  • Anund Gårdske is deposed as king of Svealand and king Håkan the Red of Götaland proclaims himself king of all Sweden.
  • The Seljuq Turks take Jerusalem from the Fatimids.
  • Lý dynasty forces under Lý Thường Kiệt defend Vietnam against invasion by Song dynasty China.
  • The Song dynasty Chinese polymath scientist and statesman Shen Kuo solves a heated border dispute with the Liao dynasty by dredging up old diplomatic records; he refutes Emperor Daozong of Liao's bluffs point for point during a meeting at Mt. Yongan (near modern Pingquan in Hebei), and reestablishes the Song's rightful borders.
  • Births

  • Lothair II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1137)
  • Saint Magnus Erlendsson (d. 1116 or 1117)
  • Adelaide del Vasto (d. 1118)
  • Orderic Vitalis, monk and historian (approximate date)
  • Deaths

  • June 10 – Ernest, Margrave of Austria (b. 1027)
  • August 2 – Patriarch John VIII of Constantinople
  • December 4 – Anno II, archbishop of Cologne
  • December 18 – Edith of Wessex, queen of Edward the Confessor of England
  • John Xiphilinus, Byzantine historian
  • Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Gwynedd
  • King Peter Krešimir IV of Croatia
  • References

    1075 Wikipedia


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